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The Digital Index of Middle English Verse
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DIMEV 80
IMEV 54.5
NIMEV TM 15
A kings son and an emperor
‘Proface’, a Christmas carol — four stanzas (aaab) with ‘Proface’ refrain and five-line burden: ‘Proface, welcom, wellcome / This day ys borne a chylde of grace / That for vs mankynde hathe take proface / This day is born a child of grace / That for vs mankynde hathe take proface’
Note: Ringler Jr. (1992), TM 15.
Subjects: carols, Nativity
Versification: — four-line, five-line — aaab, abbbb



Manuscript Witnesses:
1.Source: London, British Library Addit. 5665, ff. 39v-40
First Lines:
A kynges sone and an emperoure
Ys comyn oute of a maydynys toure…
Last Lines:
…And loke ye all be of gode chere
Oure lorde god be at oure denere
Proface
Attributed Title: de natiuitate
Editions:
Sandys, William, ed. Christmas Carols, Ancient and Modern. London: Richard Beckley, 1833: 10.
Wright, Thomas, ed. Specimens of Old Christmas Carols, etc. Percy Society 4. London: T. Richard, 1841: 53.
Fehr, Bernhard. “Die Lieder der Hs. Add. 5665 (Ritson’s Folio-MS).” Archiv für das Studium der neueren Sprachen und Literaturen 106 (1901): 262-85: 274.
Rickert, Edith, ed. Ancient English Christmas Carols. London: Chatto & Windus, 1910: 217.
Greene, Richard Leighton. The Early English Carols. Oxford: Clarendon, 1935; 2nd ed., rev., Oxford: Clarendon, 1977: 10; 1977, 7.
Stevens, John, ed. Mediaeval Carols. Musica Britannica 4. London: Stainer and Bell, 1952, 2nd ed. 1958: 96.
Robbins, Rossell Hope. Early English Christmas Carols. New York and London: Columbia UP, 1961: 82.
Oliver, Raymond. Poems Without Names: The English Lyric 1200-1500. Berkeley, CA: University of California, 1970: 32-3.