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The Digital Index of Middle English Verse
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DIMEV 6540.5
IMEV 4088
NIMEV 4088
White was his naked breast and red of blood his side
Augustine’s Candet nudatum pectus, etc. — four long lines
Note: Incorporated also as one stanza of 2854, 3617, and 5382; 3275 includes 2854 with 4088; for other versions see 752, 3617, and 6540.
Author(s): Augustine of Hippo
Title(s): Candet nudatum pectus
Subjects: Christ, sufferings of; sermons, verse in
Versification: — four-line



Manuscript Witnesses:
1.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Bodley 42 (SC 1846), f. 250ra
Editions:
Brown, Carleton Fairchild, ed. Religious Lyrics of the XIV Century. Oxford: Clarendon, 1924. 2nd ed., rev.: G. V. Smithers, Oxford, 1952: 1, 241.
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. Political, Religious and Love Poems, from Lambeth MS. 306 and other sources. EETS o.s. 15 (1866); repr. 1962; rev. ed. 1903: 243.
Heuser, Wilhelm. “With an O and an I.” Anglia 27 (1904): 283-319: 209.
Allen, Hope Emily. English Writings of Richard Rolle. Oxford: Clarendon, 1931: 149.
Comper, Frances M. M. The Life of Richard Rolle, Together with an Edition of his English Lyrics. London: J. M. Dent, 1928, 1933; New York: E. P. Dutton, 1929: 227.
2.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Gg.6.26, f. 53
Transcription:
White was his nakid brest Red of blode his syde
Wan was his fayr een his woundes depe & wide
His armus þei spred on þe rood
In v steedes of his body the streemus ran of blode
Note: In Latin prose sermon, in a collection of Sermones Dominicales, the sermon on the passage, ‘Mortuus erat & revixit…’ which begins f. 52.
3.Source: Cambridge UK, St John’s College A.15 (15), f. 120v
Note: Variant version.
Editions:
James, Montague Rhodes. A Descriptive Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the Library of St. John’s College, Cambridge. Cambridge: at the UP, 1913: 20.
Wilson, Richard Middlewood. The Lost Literature of Medieval England. London: Methuen, 1952: 182.
4.Source: London, British Library Addit. 11579, f. 35v
First Lines:
Þwit was his naked brest
and red blodi his side
His faire eyen woxen dasewe
Hyse armes were spradde wyde
Hise leichende lyppes by comen al pale
and hys bodi al dreie
As cheld marbre hengen hyse lemes
þat blod was al a weye
Hyse fet were þerled þat weren so þwyte
hee bled from fot til heued
þere for man he þchedde hys blod
ne was þer nouft by leued
Note: 6 lines.
Editions:
Cochran, John. A second catalogue of manuscripts, in different languages… London: Ibotson & Palmer, 1837: 42.
5.Source: Durham, Durham Cathedral Library A.III.12, f. 49
Transcription:
Wyth was hys brest and red of blod hys syde
Bleye was hys fair handled hys wnde dep ant wyde
And hys armes ystreith hey up hon þe rode
On fif studes on hys body þe stremes ran o blode
Note: Folio 49 is a scrap of parchment now bound into this MS.
Editions:
Rud, Thomas. Codicum manuscriptorum Ecclesiae Cathedralis Dunelmensis catalogus classicus. Durham: Andrews, Humble, 1825; rev. ed. J. Raine : 34.
Brown, Carleton Fairchild, ed. Religious Lyrics of the XIV Century. Oxford: Clarendon, 1924. 2nd ed., rev.: G. V. Smithers, Oxford, 1952: 1, 241.
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. Political, Religious and Love Poems, from Lambeth MS. 306 and other sources. EETS o.s. 15 (1866); repr. 1962; rev. ed. 1903: 243.
Heuser, Wilhelm. “With an O and an I.” Anglia 27 (1904): 283-319: 209.
Turner, Sharon. History of England from the Norman Conquest to the Accession of Edward the First…from the Accession of Edward the First to the Death of Henry V…comprising the Reigns of Henry VI, Edward IV, Edward V, Richard III and Henry VII. 3 vols. London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme and Brown, 1814, 1815, 1823; many editions: 2.344.
Thomson, S. Harrison. “The Date of the Early English Translation of the ‘Candet nudatum pectus.’” Medium Ævum 4 (1935): 100-5: 102.
Hearne, Thomas, ed. Johannis de Fordun, Scotichronicon. 2 vols. Oxford: Sheldonian, 1722; Edinburgh, 1759: 5.1398.
Sisam, Celia, and Kenneth Sisam, eds. The Oxford Book of Medieval English Verse. Oxford: Clarendon, 1970: 6.
6.Source: Edinburgh, National Library of Scotland, Advocates’ 18.7.21, f. 117
Transcription:
With it was his naked brest & red is blodi side
Bleike were his leres his wondis depe & wyde
Starke weren his armis spred vp on þe rode
On fiue stedes vp on his bodi þe stremis ronnen on blode
Note: John Grimestone’s sermon notebook.
Attributed Title: De Passione Christi (f. 117)
Editions:
Brown, Carleton Fairchild, ed. Religious Lyrics of the XIV Century. Oxford: Clarendon, 1924. 2nd ed., rev.: G. V. Smithers, Oxford, 1952: 1, 241.
Woolf, Rosemary. The English Religious Lyric in the Middle Ages. Oxford: Clarendon, 1968: 29.