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DIMEV 6415
When that April with his showers soot
Geoffrey Chaucer, the General Prologue to the Canterbury Tales — 858 lines in rhyming couplets
Author(s): Geoffrey Chaucer
Title(s): General Prologue ; Canterbury Tales
Subjects: pilgrims/pilgrimage; prologues
Versification: — couplets — aa



Manuscript Witnesses:
1.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Arch. Selden. B. 14 (SC 3360), ff. 4-15v
First Lines:
Whan that Apprill with his shouris soote
The drought of Marche hath pershid to the roote…
Last Lines:
…And he bigan with right a mery chere
His tale anoon & seide as ye may here
Attributed Title: Here bigynneth the prolog of this book the which is namede the talis of Caunturbury in the whiche prolog thauthour openly declarith the names of alle the pilgremes there condiciouns & there array (f. 4); the prolog (RT); Here endith the prolog of this book… (f. 15v)
Editions:
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
2.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Barlow 20 (SC 6420), ff. 1-4v
First Lines:
…That swiche a lewed mannes witte shal pace
The wisdom of an hepe of lerned men…
Last Lines:
…And he by gan with riȝt a merie chere
His tale anoon and seide as ȝe maye here
Note: I.1-573 lost; 792 omitted; 793 repeated.
Attributed Title: prologus (RT); here endith þe prologue… (f. 4v)
Editions:
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
3.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Bodley 414 (SC 27880), ff. 1-10
First Lines:
Whan that April with his shouris sote
The drought of March hath percid to þe Rote…
Last Lines:
…And he began with right a mery chere
His tale anone and seid as ye may here
Editions:
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
4.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Bodley 686 (SC 2527), ff. 1-11v
First Lines:
Whan that april with his showres swote
The drouth of March hath perced the rote…
Last Lines:
…And by gan with right a mery chere
His tale a noon and seide as þe may here
Note: I.637-8 omitted.
Editions:
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
5.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Douce d.4 (SC 21981)
First Lines:
…Þat had bot lytell golde in coffre
But all þat he myght of his frendys hente…
Last Lines:
…But alle with siluer wrought full clene and well
Theire girdelis and theire pouchis euerydeell…
Note: A single leaf: I.298-368.
Editions:
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
6.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Hatton Donati 1 (SC 4138), ff. 1-10
First Lines:
Whan that Aprill with his showres swote
The drought of Marche hath perced þe rote…
Last Lines:
…Now late vs ride and herkeneth what I say
And with that worde we riden forth oure wey
Note: I.194, 217, 221, 465-6, 551-94, 857-8 omitted; 305-6, 335-6, 403-4. 467-8 reversed.
Attributed Title: Here beginneth the Prolog of the Tales of Caunterbury (f. 1); The Prolog (RT)
Editions:
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
7.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Laud misc. 600 (SC 1476), ff. 4-14v
First Lines:
That in hir cuppe was no ferthing seene
Of grece whan she had drunke hir drauhte…
Last Lines:
…And he began with right amery chere
His tale anoon and seide as ye mai here
Note: I.1-133 missing; 305 and 402 omitted; 219-20, 221-1, 517-18 reversed.
Attributed Title: þe prolog (RT); HEre endeth the prolog of this book… (f. 14v)
Editions:
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
8.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Laud misc. 739 (SC 1234), ff. 1-13v
First Lines:
[W]hanne that Aueryll wyth hys schoures sote
The droghte of marche had perced vn to rote…
Last Lines:
…And he byganne with ryȝt a mery Chere
His tale anon and seid as ȝe may here
Note: I.219-21, 528 omitted.
Editions:
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
9.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Rawlinson poet. 149 (SC 14641), ff. 1-5
First Lines:
…Olde ypocras holy and galyene
Serapion rafi and auysene…
Last Lines:
…Now late vs ride and herkeneth what I say
And with that worde we ryden forthe oure way
Note: I.1-430 lost; 465-6, 733-8, 857-8 omitted; 551-94 lost; 467-8 reversed.
Editions:
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
10.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Rawlinson poet. 223 (SC 14714), ff. 1-11
First Lines:
…There as this lord was keper of the selle
The rule of seint Maure or of seint Beneit…
Last Lines:
…And he bigan with riȝt a mery chiere
His tale anon & seide as ye may here
Note: I.1-171 lost
Editions:
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
11.Source: Oxford, Christ Church 152, ff. 2-13
First Lines:
Whan that Auerell with his shoures soote
The droght of Marche hath perced to the roote…
Last Lines:
…And he bygan with right amery chere
His tale anoon and seide as ye may here
Note: I.616, 637, 639 omitted; 320, 390, 506 added in margin; spurious couplet after 252; 50-1, 73-4 reversed.
Attributed Title: Incipit tractatus Galfridi Chaucer de Gestis
Peregrinorum versus Cantuariam
(f. 2r)
Editions:
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
12.Source: Oxford, Corpus Christi College 198, ff. 2-12v
First Lines:
…ffor to telle ȝow of his array
his hors were goode but he was not gay…
Last Lines:
…And he began with right a merye cheere
his tale anon and seyde as ȝe may heere
Note: I.1-72 lost.
Facsimiles:
Digital Facsimile of Corpus Christi, Oxford MS 198 of the Canterbury Tales” .
Editions:
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
13.Source: Oxford, New College 314, ff. 2-4v
First Lines:
…fforto be wise in byinge of vitail
ffor wheþir he paide or took be tail
Algate he waitid so on his acate
That he was ay before & in good state…
Last Lines:
…And he began with riȝt a mery chere
And saide anone his tale as ye shul here
Note: I.1-568 lost.
14.Source: Oxford, Trinity College 49, ff. 1v-11v
First Lines:
When that Aperil with his shouris swote
the drought of Marche hath percid the rote…
Last Lines:
…yif euen song and morw song acorde
lat se nowe ho schal telle oure first tale
Note: I.36, 80, 804, 832-58 omitted; 186-7 reversed.
Editions:
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
15.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Dd.4.24, ff. 6-13
First Lines:
…[ffor] though a wydewe had nouȝt a shoo
So plesant was his In Principio
Ȝet wold he haue a ferthyng or he went
His purchas was wel betir than his rent…
Last Lines:
…And he bygan with right a mery chere
This tale a non and seide on þis manere
Note: I.1-252, 595-758 lost.
Editions:
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. The Cambridge MS. Dd.4.24 of Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales, Completed by the Egerton MS. 2726 (The Haistwell MS). The Chaucer Society 1st Series, no. 95 (Part 1, issue for 1901) and 96 (Part 2, issue for 1902).
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
16.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Gg.4.27 (Part 1a), ff. 132-141v
First Lines:
…Me thynketh it a cordaunt to resoun
To telle ȝow al the conchusyoun condition
Last Lines:
…Bold of hese speche & wis & wel I tauȝt
And of manhod hym lakkede ryȝt natiȝtnoȝt
Note: I.1-36, 757-858 lost; 289 omitted with blank following 290. The addition of ‘condition’ is by a later hand.
Facsimiles:
Parkes, Malcolm B., and Richard Beadle. “Introduction.” Poetical Works. Geoffrey Chaucer. A Facsimile of Cambridge University Library MS Gg.4.27. 3 vols Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 1979 (vol. 1); 1980 (vols. 2-3).
Editions:
Furnivall, Frederick James. The Cambridge MS (University Library, Gg.4.27) of Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales. Chaucer Society Series 1, nos. 4, 10, 17, 28, 33, 40, 52, 66. London: Trübner, 1868-79.
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
17.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Ii.3.26, ff. 2-11
First Lines:
…And euermore he hadde the souereyn pris
And though that he was war he was wise…
Last Lines:
…And he be gan with right a merye chere
And seide anoone this tale as ye shall here
Note: I.1-66 lost; 191, 243-4, 297-8, 305, 334, 400, 403, 410 omitted; blank lines left for 684 and 830 (subsequently added); 271-2, 517-18, 685-6 reversed.
Attributed Title: Prologus (RT)
Editions:
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
18.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Mm.2.5, ff. 2-10
First Lines:
…Syngynge he was or floytynge alle þe daye
He was as fresshe as is þe moneth of Maye…
Last Lines:
…Ande beganne with riȝt a mery cheere
His taale anon and seide as ȝe may here
Note: I.1-90 lost.
Attributed Title: Prologus (RT); Here endith þe prologe of þis booke (f. 10)
Editions:
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
19.Source: Cambridge UK, Fitzwilliam Museum McClean 181 [olim Ashburnham 127], ff. 2-15v
First Lines:
[W]Han that Aprile with his schoures soote
The drouthe of marche hathe persed þe rote…
Last Lines:
…And bygan with ryght a mery chere
His tale anone and seyd as ye may here
Note: I.243-6, 739-42, 794 omitted; 533-4, 657-8, 727, 792-3 reversed. In the General Prologue, names of pilgrims occur as running titles, e.g., ‘A yeman’.
Attributed Author: Here bigynneth the Talys of Caunterbiry / Compiled by Geffrei Chaucers (f. 1)
Attributed Title: Here bigynneth the Talys of Caunterbiry / Compiled by Geffrei Chaucers (f. 1); Here endeth þe prolog of þis Boke… (f. 15v)
Editions:
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
20.Source: Cambridge UK, Trinity College R.3.3 (582), ff. 1-5v
First Lines:
Whan that Aprille with his shoures soote
The drouȝt of Marche hath perced to the roote
And bathed eueri veyne in such licoure
Of wich vertu engendred is the floure…
Last Lines:
…And he be gan right thus with a goodli cheer
His tale anon and seid as ye may hiere
Note: I.316 omitted; 233-4, 433-4 reversed.
Editions:
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
21.Source: Cambridge UK, Trinity College R.3.15 (595), ff. 5-18
First Lines:
…In granade at the siege eke had he be
In algreth had he ryden and in belmarye…
Last Lines:
…And he began with right amery chiere
And seyde anone his tale as ye shalle here
Note: Begins I.56; lines 1-55 supplied by a later (sixteenth-century) hand on ff. 3v-4v. 197-8, 221, 303, 400, 403 omitted; 543-71 follow 601 (f. 13 inverted); spurious lines added after 163, 165, 207, 308, 404; 517-18, 685-6 reversed.
Attributed Title: Explicit Prologus (f. 18)
Editions:
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
22.Source: London, British Library Addit. 5140, ff. 2-14
First Lines:
WHan that Aprylle wyth hys showres soote
The drowhte of Marche hath percede to the rote…
Last Lines:
…And he began with ryht a mery chere
His tale a noon and seyd as ye may here
Note: I.398, 659 omitted.
Attributed Title: Prologus (RT)
Editions:
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
23.Source: London, British Library Addit. 10340, f. 41rb
First Lines:
Þere was a pore person of a toune
And was a goode man of religioune…
Last Lines:
…But cristes lore & hys apostles twelue
he tauȝt but first he folwed it hym selue
Note: I.478-528 only.
Editions:
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
24.Source: London, British Library Addit. 35286 [olim Ashburnham 125], ff. 1-7v
First Lines:
…But sykerly she hadde a fair forheed
It was almost a spanne brood y trowe…
Last Lines:
…And he by ganne ryght wyth a mury cheere
His tale anon and seyde as ye may heere
Note: I.1-153, 234-396 lost.
Editions:
Horobin, Simon. “A Transcription and Study of British Library MS Additional 35286 of Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales.” Diss. Univ. of Sheffield, 1997.
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
25.Source: London, British Library Egerton 2726 [olim Haistwell], ff. 1-11v
First Lines:
WHan that Aprill with his shoures soote
The drought of Marche hath pershed þe roote…
Last Lines:
…And he began with right a mery chere
This tale anone and seide on þis manere
Iamque domos patrias scithice post aspera gentis prelia laurigero
Note: I.219-20 omitted; 221, 830 added in the margin; 47-8, 155-6 reversed; 613-14 precede 615-16.
Editions:
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. The Cambridge MS. Dd.4.24 of Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales, Completed by the Egerton MS. 2726 (The Haistwell MS). The Chaucer Society 1st Series, no. 95 (Part 1, issue for 1901) and 96 (Part 2, issue for 1902).
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
26.Source: London, British Library Egerton 2864 [olim Ingilby, post Compton Hall], ff. 1-13v
First Lines:
[W]Han that Aprille with his showres soote
The drowhte of marche hath perced to the roote…
Last Lines:
…And bi gan with ryht a mery chere
His tale anoon and seyde as ye may heere
Note: I.659 omitted; 320-1, 426-7, 710-11 reversed.
Attributed Author: Incipit liber Galstid Chaucer de gestis peregrinorum versus Cantuariam (f. 1)
Attributed Title: Incipit liber Galstid Chaucer de gestis peregrinorum versus Cantuariam (f. 1); prolog (RT); Explicit prologus (f. 13v)
Editions:
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
27.Source: London, British Library Harley 1758, ff. 1-9v
First Lines:
Whan that Aprill with his schoures swote
The drought of Marche hath perced to þe rote…
Last Lines:
…And schortly for to tellen as it was
Were it bi auenture or sort or cas
Note: I.845-58 lost.
Attributed Author: [H]Ere begynneth the book of tales of Caunterburye compiled by Gef / fraie Chaucers of Brytayne chef poete (f. 1)
Attributed Title: [H]Ere begynneth the book of tales of Caunterburye compiled by Gef / fraie Chaucers of Brytayne chef poete (f. 1); Prologus libri (RT)
Editions:
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
28.Source: London, British Library Harley 7333, ff. 37ra-41vb
First Lines:
Whanne þat Aperyll with his shoures swoote
Þe Drowght of marche hathe perced to þe rote…
Last Lines:
…Þus he bygan with Right A goodly chere
His tale A noon And sayde as ye may here
Loo here eondiþe þe prologe of þe Knightes tale
Attributed Title: On f. 37, the poem is introduced as ‘The Prologue of the Knyghtes Tale’, followed by the heading: ‘O yee so noble and worthi pryncis and princesse oþer estatis or degrees. what euer yee beo þat haue disposicione or plesaunce. to rede or here þe stories of olde tymis passed to kepe yow frome ydelnesse and slowþe. in escheuing oþer folies þat might be cause of more harome filowyng vowcheth sauf I be seche yowe. to fynde yowe occupacioun in þe Reding here of þe tales of Caunterburye wiche beon compilid in þis boke filowyng ffirst foundid ymagenid and made boþe for disporte and leornyng of all þoo that beon gentile of birthe or of condiciouns by þe laureal and moste famous poete þat euer was to fore him as in þemvelisshing of oure rude moders englisshe tonge. clepid Chaucyer a Gavfrede of whos soule god for his mercy have pitee of his grace Amen;’; Nowe here firste begynnyþe þe prologe of þe / kneytis tale (f. 33va; to introduce the General Prologue)
Editions:
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
29.Source: London, British Library Harley 7334, ff. 1-12
First Lines:
WHan that aprille with his schowres swoote
The drought of Marche haþ perced to þe roote…
Last Lines:
…And he bigan with right a merie chere
His tale and seide right in þis manere
Note: I.59-60 reversed.
Editions:
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. The Harleian MS 7334 of Chaucer’s ‘Canterbury Tales’. Chaucer Society 73. London: Trübner, 1885.
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
30.Source: London, British Library Lansdowne 851, ff. 2-12
First Lines:
Whan þat Aprill wyþe his schoures soote
þe drought of Marche haþe perced to þe roote
Last Lines:
…And he be gan wiþ riht amery chere
His tale anone and seide as ȝe mai here
Attributed Title: Incipit prologus fabularum Cantuarensis (f. 3); Prologus (RT)
Editions:
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. The Lansdowne Manuscript of Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales. Chaucer Society Series 1, nos. 7, 13, 20, 36, 43, 55, 69. London: Trübner, 1868-79.
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
31.Source: London, British Library Royal 17 D.XV, ff. 1-12v
First Lines:
…And of his porte As Meke as is a Mayde
He neuer yett no villanye ne sayde…
Last Lines:
…And he bigane with righte Amerye chere
His tale anon and sayde as ye maye here
Note: I.1-68 lost.
Attributed Title: Prolog (RT)
Editions:
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
32.Source: London, British Library Royal 18 C.II, ff. 3-13v
First Lines:
WHan that Aprill wit his shoures soote
The drought of marche hath perced to þe roote…
Last Lines:
…And he bigan wit right a merye chere
His tale anoon & seide as ye may here
Note: I.141 omitted.
Attributed Title: prologus (RT)
Editions:
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
33.Source: London, British Library Sloane 1685, ff. 1-3v
First Lines:
…He wolde suffre for a quart of wyne
A good felowe to haue his concubyne…
Last Lines:
…And he bigan with riȝt a mery chere
His tale anoon and seide as ye may heere
Note: I.1-648 lost.
Attributed Title: Proloog (RT); Heere endith the prolog of / this book… (f. 3v)
Editions:
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
34.Source: London, British Library Sloane 1686, ff. 1-13
First Lines:
…In lystes thries and aye slayne his foo
This ilke worthy knyght had be also…
Last Lines:
…And began with a mery chere
His tale anon and saide as ye maye here
Note: I.1-62, 412-69 lost; 716-17 reversed.
Editions:
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
35.Source: Aberystwyth, National Library of Wales Peniarth 392 D [‘Hengwrt’], ff. 2-12v
First Lines:
Whan that Aueryll with his shoures soote
The droghte of March hath perced to the roote…
Last Lines:
…And hi bigan with right a murye cheere
His tale anoon and seyde as ye may heere
Facsimiles:
Ruggiers, Paul G., ed. The Canterbury Tales. Geoffrey Chaucer. A Facsimile of the Hengwrt Manuscript, with Variants from the Ellesmere Manuscript. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma, and Folkestone: Wm. Dawson, 1979.
Stubbs, Estelle, ed. The Hengwrt Chaucer Digital Facsimile (CD-ROM). Leicester, England: Scholarly Digital Editions, 2000.
Editions:
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. The Hengwrt Manuscript of Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales. Chaucer Society Series 1, nos. 3, 9, 27, 39, 51, 71. London: Trübner, 1868-79.
Blake, Norman F., ed. The Canterbury Tales. Edited from the Hengwrt Manuscript. York Medieval Texts, second series. London: Edward Arnold, 1980.
Stubbs, Estelle, ed. The Hengwrt Chaucer Digital Facsimile (CD-ROM). Leicester, England: Scholarly Digital Editions, 2000.
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
36.Source: Alnwick Castle, Duke of Northumberland MS 455, ff. 1-10
First Lines:
…fful fetouse was hir cloke as I was ware
Of smale corall a bouȝt hir arme she bare…
Last Lines:
…And so be gan with a riȝt mery chere
And seyd anoon his tale as yee shul heer
Note: I.1-156 lost; 221, 296-7, 299, 305, 385-6, 400, 403, 710, 786 omitted; spurious lines added following 300, 308, 398, 404; 787 repeated after 788; 517-18, 685-6 reversed.
Editions:
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
37.Source: Glasgow, Glasgow University Library Hunterian 197 (U.1.1), ff. 1ra-3va
First Lines:
…His table dormaunt in his halle alweye
Stode redy couered all the long daye…
Last Lines:
…And bygan with right a mery chere
His tale a none as ye may here
Note: I.1-352 lost.
Attributed Title: The prolog (RT)
Editions:
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
38.Source: Lichfield, Lichfield Cathedral Library 29, ff. 2-11v
First Lines:
…With hym ther was his sone a ȝong squier
A louier a lusty bacheler…
Last Lines:
…And he bigan right with a mery chere
His tale anon and seide as ȝe may here
Note: I.1-78 lost; resupplied in the seventeenth century.
Attributed Title: Prologus libri (RT)
Editions:
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
39.Source: Lincoln, Lincoln Cathedral Library 110, ff. 1-7
First Lines:
…And pouder marchaunt tart and gallyngale
Wel coude he knowe a drauȝt of londoun ale
He coude roste and sethe & boyle & friȝe
Make mortrews and well bake a pie…
Last Lines:
…And he began wiþ riȝt ameri chere
His tale anon and seide as ȝe may here
Note: I.1-380 lost; 440-3 added in margin.
Attributed Title: Here endith the proheme of all þe tal (f. 7)
Editions:
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
40.Source: London, Royal College of Physicians 388 (13), ff. 1-16
First Lines:
Whanne that Aprill with his showris soote
The drought of marche hath perced the Roote…
Last Lines:
…And he bigan with Right a mirry chiere
His tale anon and saide as ye may here
Note: I.116, 490, 608-10, 617-18 omitted; spurious couplet follows 252.
Editions:
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
41.Source: Manchester, John Rylands Library Eng. 113 [olim Hodson 39], ff. 6-14
First Lines:
Whan þat Aprill with his shoures swote
Þe drowth of Marche hath perced to þe rote
And bathed euery vayne with soche vertu licour
Of which vertue engendred is þe flour…
Last Lines:
…And he began with right a mery chere
his tale anon and seide on þis manere
Editions:
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
42.Source: Petworth House, Lord Leconfield MS 7, ff. 1-12
First Lines:
Whan that aprille with his shoures soote
The drouht of marche hath perced to þe roote…
Last Lines:
…And byganne wiþ riȝt amery chere
His tale anon and seide as ȝe may here
Iamque domos patrias Scithice post aspera gentis
Prelia laurigere & cetera
Thus endeþ þe prologe of þis boke
Here bygynneth the Knyghtes tale
Attributed Title: The Prologe (RT)
Editions:
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. The Petworth MS of Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales. Chaucer Society Series 1, nos. 6, 12, 19, 35, 42, 54, 68. London: Trübner, 1868-79.
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. Autotype Specimens of the Chief Chaucer MSS, Part II. Chaucer Society Series 1, no. 56. London: Trübner, 1876.
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
43.Source: Austin, University of Texas, Humanities Research Center HRC Pre-1700 MS 143 [olim Deene Park; post Cardigan-Brudenell, sold Sotheby’s, Feb. 1959], ff. 1-9v
First Lines:
…Her mouthe full small and therto softe and rede
But sikirly she had a faire forehede…
Last Lines:
…And he began with right a mery chere
His tale anon and seide on this manere
Note: I.1-152 lost; 155-6, 615-16 precede 613-14; 746 added in margin.
Editions:
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
44.Source: New York, Pierpont Morgan Library M249 [olim Ashburnham 124, post Compton Hall], ff. 4-15
First Lines:
Whan that April with his showers swoote
The droughte of Marche had perced to þe roote
Last Lines:
…And he began right with a mery chere
His tale anon and seide as ye may here
Iamque domos patrias Scithice post aspera gentis
Prelia laurigero In Stacis thebaides
Attributed Title: prologus libri (RT)
Editions:
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
45.Source: San Marino, CA, Henry Huntington Library EL 26.C.9 [‘Ellesmere’], ff. 1-9v
First Lines:
Whan that Aprill with hise shoures soote
The droghte of March hath perced to the roote…
Last Lines:
…And he began with right a myre cheere
His tale anon and seyde in this manere
Facsimiles:
The Ellesmere Chaucer Reproduced in Facsimile. 2 vols. Preface by Alix Egerton. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1911.
Hanna, Ralph, ed. The Ellesmere Chaucer Reproduced in Facsimile. 2 vols. Manchester: Manchester UP, 1911. Preface by Alix Egerton repr. as The Ellesmere Manuscript of Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales: A Working Facsimile. Intro. Hanna; Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 1989.
Woodward, Daniel, and Martin Stevens, eds. The New Ellesmere Chaucer Facsimile (Huntington MS EL 26 C 9). Tokyo: Yushodo, and San Marino, CA: Huntington Library, 1995: Now available in part online: http://dpg.lib.berkeley.edu/webdb/dsheh/heh_brf?CallNumber=El+26+C+9.
Editions:
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. The Ellesmere Manuscript of Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales. Chaucer Society Series 1, nos. 2, 8, 16, 26, 32, 38, 50, 70. London: Trübner, 1868-79.
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
46.Source: Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale angl. 39, ff. 1ra-5va
First Lines:
UWhan that april with his shourez swote
þe drought of march haþ percyd to þe rote…
Last Lines:
…and he began with right a mery chere
his tale and said on this manere
Note: A ‘U’ lombard initial precedes the first word of the text, ‘Whan’. I.346 omitted; spurious line follows 344.
Editions:
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
47.Source: New Haven, Yale University, Beinecke Library, Takamiya Deposit 24 [olim Chatsworth, Duke of Devonshire], ff. 1-11
First Lines:
Whan that aprille with his shoures soote
The drouȝte of Marche hath persed the roote…
Last Lines:
…And he began with riȝt a meri chere
This tale anon and saide on this manere
Note: I.219-20 omitted; 47-8, 155-6, 220-1 reversed; 615-16 precede 613-14.
Editions:
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
48.Source: New Haven, Yale University, Beinecke Library, Takamiya Deposit 32 [olim Penrose 6; prior Delamere], ff. 20ra-22vb
First Lines:
…He yaf nowt of the text a pulled hen
That seyht that hvnteris be noun holy men…
Last Lines:
…Vppon a day hee gatte him more money
Thanne the person gatte in Monethis tweye…
Note: I.1-176, 705-858 lost.
Attributed Title: Thee Prologge (RT)
Editions:
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
49.Source: Geneva, Bibl. Bodmer, Geneva 48 [olim Rosenbach 156, prior Phillipps 8136], ff. 1-12
First Lines:
Whan that Aprile with his shouris sote
The drought of March hath percid to þe Rote…
Last Lines:
…and he began with right a mery chere
His tale anon and seid as ye may here
Note: I.301-2, 357-8, 429-34 omitted.
Facsimiles:
Digital Facsimile of Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 48” .
Editions:
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.



Print Witnesses:
1.Source: STC 5082. Chaucer, Geoffrey, Canterbury Tales, [Westminster, William Caxton, 1476] , ff. 2-16v
First Lines:
[W]han that Apprill with his shouris sote
And the droughte of marche hath percid þe rote…
Last Lines:
…And he began with right a mery chere
And sayde anone his tale as ye shul here
Note: I.197-8, 221, 305, 403 omitted; spurious lines follow 163, 165, 222, 308, 398; 517-18, 685-6 reversed.
Facsimiles:
Bordalejo, Barbara, ed. Caxton’s Canterbury Tales: The British Library Copies. Leicester: Scholarly Digital Editions, 2003.
Editions:
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
Bordalejo, Barbara, ed. Caxton’s Canterbury Tales: The British Library Copies. Leicester: Scholarly Digital Editions, 2003.
2.Source: STC 5083. Chaucer, Geoffrey, Canterbury Tales, [Westminster], W. Caxton, [1483] , sigs. a.3-c.5v
First Lines:
[W]han that Apryll wyth hys shouris sote
The droughte of marche hath percyd the rote…
Last Lines:
…And he began wyth right a mery chere
And sayde anone hys tale as ye shul here
Note: I.252a-b follow 252; 517-18 reversed.
Facsimiles:
The Canterbury Tales (a facsimile of the Pepys copy of Caxton’s Second Edition). London: Cornmarket Reprints in association with Magdalene College, Cambridge, 1972.
Bordalejo, Barbara, ed. Caxton’s Canterbury Tales: The British Library Copies. Leicester: Scholarly Digital Editions, 2003.
Editions:
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
Bordalejo, Barbara, ed. Caxton’s Canterbury Tales: The British Library Copies. Leicester: Scholarly Digital Editions, 2003.
3.Source: STC 5084. Chaucer, Geoffrey, Canterbury Tales, R. Pynson, [1492] , sigs. a.2-c.4
First Lines:
[W]han that Aprille with his showres sote
The droughte of marche hath persed the rote…
Last Lines:
…and he began with a right mery chere
And seyd anone his tale as ye shalle here
Editions:
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
4.Source: STC 5085. Chaucer, Geoffrey, Canterbury Tales, Westminster, W. de Worde, 1498 , sigs. a.3-c.1v
First Lines:
[W]han þat Apryll wyth his shoures sote
þe drouȝt of Marche had percid þe rote…
Last Lines:
…and he began wyth a ryght mery chere
And sayd anone his tale as ye shall here
Attributed Title: The Boke of Chaucer named Canterbury tales (sig. [a.1])
Editions:
Solopova, Elizabeth, ed. The General Prologue on CD-ROM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.