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DIMEV 5965
IMEV 3747
NIMEV 3747
To-broken been the statutes high in heaven
‘Lenvoy de Chaucer à Scogan’ — seven stanzas rhyme royal, including Envoy
Author(s): Geoffrey Chaucer
Title(s): ‘Lenvoy de Chaucer à Scogan’
Subjects: epistles; friendship; friends, fickleness of; love; envoys; epilogues; advice, to princes
Versification: — seven-line — ababbcc



Manuscript Witnesses:
1.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Fairfax 16 (SC 3896), ff. 192v-193
First Lines:
To broken been the statuteȝ hye in hevene
That creat weren eternaly to dure…
Last Lines:
…Mynne thy frend there it may fructyfye
ffare wel and loke thow neuer eft love dyffye
Note: Scribal marginal notes, ‘id est vii planetes’ beside third line of first stanza and ‘id est Wyndesor’ and ‘id est a Grenewich’ beside first and third lines of last stanza (f. 193)
Attributed Title: Lenvoy de Chaucer A Scogan (f. 192v)
Facsimiles:
Norton-Smith, John. “Introduction.” Bodleian Library MS Fairfax 16. London: Scolar Press, 1979.
Editions:
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. A Parallel-Text Edition of Chaucer’s Minor Poems. 3 vols. Chaucer Society 1st. ser. 21, 57, 58. London: Trübner, n.d. repr. New York and London: Johnson, 1967.
Skeat, Walter William, ed. The Complete Works of Geoffrey Chaucer. 7 vols. Oxford: Clarendon, 1894-7: 1.396-7.
Robinson, F. N., ed. The Works of Geoffrey Chaucer. Oxford: Clarendon, 1933; 2nd ed. 1957: 634; 1957, 538-39.
Pace, George B., and Alfred David, eds. The Minor Poems of Geoffrey Chaucer: A Variorum Edition of The Works of Geoffrey Chaucer vol. 5, part 1. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 1982: 154-60.
Benson, Larry Dean, ed. The Riverside Chaucer. 3rd ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1987: 655.
Pearsall, Derek, ed. Chaucer to Spenser: An Anthology of Writings in English 1375-1575. Oxford and Malden, MA: Blackwell, 1999: 179-80.
2.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Gg.4.27 (Part 1a), ff. 7v-8v
First Lines:
TO broken ben þe statutis in heuene
þat creat were eternally to dure…
Last Lines:
…Mynewe þyn frend þere it may fructifie
ffarewel & loke þu neuere eft loue defye
Attributed Title: Litera directa de Scogon per G. C. (f. 7v)
Facsimiles:
Parkes, Malcolm B., and Richard Beadle. “Introduction.” Poetical Works. Geoffrey Chaucer. A Facsimile of Cambridge University Library MS Gg.4.27. 3 vols Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 1979 (vol. 1); 1980 (vols. 2-3).
Editions:
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. A Parallel-Text Edition of Chaucer’s Minor Poems. 3 vols. Chaucer Society 1st. ser. 21, 57, 58. London: Trübner, n.d. repr. New York and London: Johnson, 1967.
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. A One-Text Print of the Minor Poems. 2 pts. London: Trübner, 1871, 1880; repr. New York and London: Johnson, 1967.
3.Source: Cambridge UK, Magdalene College Pepys 2006, pp. 385-386
First Lines:
TO Broken ben the statutz hye in heuen
That creat were eternally to dure…
Last Lines:
…Mynne thi frend þer it may fructifye
fare well and loke þou neuer eft loue defye
Attributed Title: Lenuoie De Chaucer A Scogan (p. 385)
Facsimiles:
Edwards, A. S. G. “Introduction.” Manuscript Pepys 2006: A Facsimile. Magdalen College, Cambridge. Norman, OK: Pilgrim, and [Woodbridge, Suffolk]: Boydell and Brewer, 1985.
Editions:
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. A Parallel-Text Edition of Chaucer’s Minor Poems. 3 vols. Chaucer Society 1st. ser. 21, 57, 58. London: Trübner, n.d. repr. New York and London: Johnson, 1967.



Print Witnesses:
1.Source: STC 5091. Chaucer, Geoffrey, The Temple of Bras, or Assembly or Parliament of Fowls, Caxton, 1477? , sig. c8v
First Lines:
To broken ben the statutes hye in heuen
That create were eternally tendure…
Last Lines:
…Alas scogan of olde folk ne yonge
Was neuer erst scogan blamed for his tonge
Note: Lines 1-21 only; CUL shelfmark, Inc. 5. J. 1. 1. (3485).
Attributed Title: Thenuoye of chaucer to skegan (sig. c.8)
Editions:
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. Odd Texts of the Minor Poems. 2 vols. Chaucer Society 1st ser. 23, 60. London: Trübner, 1868, 1880; repr. New York and London: Johnson, 1967.
2.Source: Geoffrey Chaucer, Workes, Thynne, 1532 , ff. 381ra-382rb
First Lines:
TO broken ben the statutes hye in heuen
That create were eternally tendure…
Last Lines:
…Remembre you howe god hath set you so
And do your parte as ye be ordayned to
Note: 7 x RR followed by ‘Explicit’, plus 2-stanza RR envoy/counsel to king, ‘GO forthe kyng rule the by sapience…And do your parte as ye be ordayned to’; ending before ‘explicit’ is ‘Myne thy frende there it may fructify / Farewel and loke thou neuer efte loue defy’.
Attributed Title: Thenuoye of chaucer to skegan (sig. c.8)