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DIMEV 5845
IMEV 3687
NIMEV 3687
Thou shalt love God with heart entire
The Ten Commandments — ten quatrains; usually occurring in the Speculum Christiani (Secunda Tabula), sometimes occurring separately
Note: For an introductory couplet in some MSS see 2511; for two MSS which use a completely different version see 5843. For still another version occurring separately with a unique stanza prefixed, etc., see 1768.
Subjects: Ten Commandments
Versification: — four-line — abab



Manuscript Witnesses:
1.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Bodley 61 (SC 2023), ff. 4-8
First Lines:
Thou schalt loue god wyth hert entere
Wyth all thy lowle and all thy myth…
Last Lines:
…But kepe ay wele goddys byddyng
on kyrstyn feyth leue stedfastly
2.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Bodley 89 (SC 1886), f. 3
Note: Lacks st. 8 and 9.
Editions:
Brown, Carleton Fairchild. “The Towneley Play of the Doctors and the Speculum Christiani.” Modern Language Notes 31 (1916): 223-6: 224-5.
3.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Bodley 423 (SC 2322), ff. 351v-353
First Lines:
Thow shalt loue god with hert enter
With all þi saule and all þi might…
Last Lines:
…But kepe ay wele goddys byddyng
and crysten faithe leue stedefastly
Note: Intermixed with Latin prose.
4.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Douce 107 (SC 21681), ff. 51-53
First Lines:
þou schalt lofe god with hert entere
With al þi sowle & al þi myȝte…
Last Lines:
…but kepe wel ay goddis bidding
& kristin fayth leue stedfastly
Note: Inserted in Latin prose.
5.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Eng. theol. e.16 (SC 32216), f. 6v
Note: Lacking st. 7 and 8.
6.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Greaves 54 (SC 3826), ff. 1v-8v
First Lines:
Thy holydayes kepe well also
ffro worly workys thu take thy reste…
Last Lines:
…But kepe euer well god ys byddyng
On cryst ys feythe lyue stedfastly
Note: Lacks first two stanzas; each quatrain followed by an English prose expansion.
7.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Hatton 97 (SC 4070), f. 2
8.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Laud misc. 104 (SC 1244), ff. 3rb-4vb
First Lines:
þu schalt loue god with hert entere
with alle thy soule and all þi myȝt…
Last Lines:
…But kepe wyll ay goddis byddyng
And crysten feythe leue stedfastly
9.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Laud misc. 513 (SC 1177), f. 64
10.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Rawlinson C.401 (SC 12255), f. 2v
11.Source: Oxford, Corpus Christi College 155, ff. 149v-154v
First Lines:
Þu sall luf god with hert entere
With all thy saull & all thy myght…
Last Lines:
…Bot kepe ay wele goddis biddyng
& cristen faith leue stedfastly
12.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Addit. 6150, f. 5
13.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Dd.4.51, ff. 7; 8-8v; 9
Note: Scraps only.
14.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Ff.1.14, ff. 25v-29v
First Lines:
Thou schall loue god with hert entere
Wyth all þi soule and all þi myght…
Last Lines:
…Bote kepe ay well godes byddyng
And cristen fayth leue stedfastly
Attributed Title: Explicit spculum cristiani (f. 69)
15.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Hh.1.13, ff. 6v-13
First Lines:
Thou shalt loue god with hert entier
With alle thi soule and alle þi myȝt…
Last Lines:
…But kepe wele ay goddes biddynge
And cristen feith leeue stedfastly
Note: Follows 2511 without break.
16.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Ii.1.26, ff. 88v-91
First Lines:
þu shalt love god with hert
with all þi soule & al þi might
oþer god in no maner
þu shalt not haue be day nor nyght…
Last Lines:
…Bot kepe ay wele goddeȝ biddyng
and cristen faithe leve stedfastly
Note: Occurring separately from Speculum Christiani; instead in a prose tract De decem mandatis, interspersed with Latin prose text; first stanza treated as a long-line couplet; others as quatrains rhyming abcb.
17.Source: Cambridge UK, Corpus Christi College 423, pp. 81-82
First Lines:
Thow shalt love god with hart entere
With all thi sowle with all thy myȝthe…
Last Lines:
…Butte kepe ay welle goddes byddyng
On cristeyn faiȝth be stedefastelye
Note: Occurring separately from Speculum Christiani.
Attributed Title: Sequitur de decem mandatis & de septem peccatis Capitalibus siue mortalibus (p. 81)
18.Source: Cambridge UK, Jesus College Q.G.3 (51), ff. 4-7v
First Lines:
Þow shalt luf god with hert entere
With all thy saull & all thy myght…
Last Lines:
…Bot kepe ay wele goddes biddyng
And cristen fayth trow stedfastly
Note: Preceded by 2511.
Editions:
Wright, Thomas, and James Orchard Halliwell-Phillipps, eds. Reliquiae Antiquae. 2 vols. London: Smith, 1845: 1.49-50.
19.Source: Cambridge UK, Pembroke College 285, ff. 4-8
First Lines:
Þu schalt loue god with hert entyre
With all þi soule and all þi myghte…
Last Lines:
…But kepe wel euere godes byddynge
And cristen feyth leue stedefastly
Note: Preceded by 2511; interspersed with Latin prose commentary.
20.Source: Cambridge UK, Trinity College B.15.40 (376), ff. 103va-103Ava
First Lines:
Thou schalt loue god entierly
With all þi soule and thy myȝtt
Oure god in no maner sekurly
þu schalt nat haue by day ne by nyȝtt…
Last Lines:
…And in her nede þu schalt hem socour
And kepe to hem godis holi obedy[ ]
Note: Stanzas 1-4 only.
Attributed Title: De decem mandatis (f. 103rb)
21.Source: Cambridge UK, St John’s College G.8 (176), ff. 5-10v
First Lines:
thow schalt loue god with hert entere
Wyþe all þi soule and all þi myght…
Last Lines:
…But kepe ay well goddes biddynge
And crysten fayth trowe stedfastly
Note: Ten quatrains separated by Latin prose; preceded by 1491, separated by Latin.
22.Source: London, British Library Addit. 10052, ff. 22r2-27
First Lines:
Thou shalt love god with herte entere
With alle thi soule and all thy myght…
Last Lines:
…But kepe well ar godys byddyng
And cristen fayth leve stedefastly
23.Source: London, British Library Addit. 15237, ff. 11-14
First Lines:
Thou shalt loue god with herte entere
With all thi soule and all thi myght…
Last Lines:
…But kepe ay wele goddis biddyng
And cristen faith leue stedefastely
Note: Rubricated.
24.Source: London, British Library Addit. 21202, f. 6v
First Lines:
Thou shalt love god wyth hert entere
Wyth alle tby soule and alle thy myght…
Last Lines:
…But kepe welle ay godis byddyng
And cristen fayth leve stedefastly
25.Source: London, British Library Addit. 22121, ff. 6r2-12v
First Lines:
Thou schalt loue gode with hert entere
Wyth all thy sowle and all thy myght…
Last Lines:
…But kepe wel ay goddis byddyng
And cristen feyth love stedfastely
Note: Rubricated.
26.Source: London, British Library Addit. 37049, f. 20v
Note: Occurring separately from Speculum Christiani.
Editions:
Doty, Brant Lee, ed. “An Edition of British Museum MS Additional 37049: a Religious Miscellany.” Diss. Michigan State, 1969: 127-9.
27.Source: London, British Library Harley 206, ff. 20v2-25
First Lines:
Thoue schat loue gode with hert entere
With all þi saull and þi myght…
Last Lines:
…Bot kye ally well godes byddyng
And cristen faith leue stedfastly
Note: Passim, with one stanza on each leaf, recto and verso; ‘u’ of ‘saull’ in line 2 added above the line (f. 21v); ‘ay’ of penultimate line originally written ‘all’ and corrected by scribe by subpunction and adding ‘y’ above the line (f. 25).
28.Source: London, British Library Harley 1197, f. 82
29.Source: London, British Library Harley 2250, ff. 51-52
First Lines:
Thow shall luf god with herte entere
With all þi saule & all þi myȝt…
Last Lines:
…Bot kepe wele ay goddis byddyng
And cristenfayth leue stydfastly
30.Source: London, British Library Harley 2379, f. 65v
31.Source: London, British Library Harley 6580, ff. 6v-11v
First Lines:
Thou schalte loue god with herte entiere
Wyth al thi saule and al thy myght…
Last Lines:
…bot kepe ay wele godes byddynge
And cristen feyth lufe stedfastly
Editions:
Holmstedt, Gustaf, ed. Speculum Christiani. EETS o.s. 182 (1933); repr. 1988: 16-37.
32.Source: London, British Library Harley 7578, f. 1
First Lines:
Thow schalte lufe godde wyth herte entere
Whych all þy sawle and all þy myght…
Last Lines:
…But kepe wele ay goddes bydyngs
And crysten feyth leue stedfastely
Note: Occurring separately from Speculum Christiani.
33.Source: London, British Library Lansdowne 344, ff. 7v-13
First Lines:
Þou schalt lou god with herte entere
with al þi sowle & al þi myȝte…
Last Lines:
…but kepe wel ay goddis bidding
& cristen feyth loue stedefastli
Note: Written as prose and rubricated. Folios have been re-numbered to include the flyleaves, and foliation here refers to the new numbers.
Editions:
Holmstedt, Gustaf, ed. Speculum Christiani. EETS o.s. 182 (1933); repr. 1988: 16-37.
34.Source: London, British Library Royal 8 E.V, f. 5v
35.Source: London, British Library Sloane 1253, ff. 32v-44
First Lines:
Þou shalt love God with hert entere
With all þy soule & all þy miȝte…
Last Lines:
…But kepe þou well Goddis byddyng
And cristen feyth love stedfastly
Note: Verses on the Ten Commandments (Decem precepta) intercalcated with English quatrains on ff. 32v-44.
Editions:
Diekstra, F. N. M., ed. “Robert de Sorbon, the Speculum Christiani and the Visio Sancto Pauli: Notes on British Library MS Sloane 1253.” English Studies 73 (1992): 385-405: 396-7.
36.Source: London, University of London MS 657 [olim Helmingham Hall I.J.I.7], pp. 922-95
First Lines:
Þu xalt loue god with hert entere
Wtih all þi sowle & all þi myȝth…
Last Lines:
…but kepe euer wil goddys byddyng
and cristen feyt leue stedfastly
Note: Interspersed, quatrain by quatrain, in the Latin text.
37.Source: Hereford, Hereford Cathedral Library P.7.7, ff. 184va-187rb
First Lines:
þou schalt loue god with herte entere
With alle þi soule & all þi myȝte…
Last Lines:
…Bur kepe wele ay goddys byddyng
And cristen faythe leue stede fastly
38.Source: Manchester, John Rylands Library Lat. 201, ff. 227-230
First Lines:
Thow schalt loue god with herte entere
Wyth al þy sowle & þy myȝt
Other god in no manere
Thow schalt non haue by day nor nyȝt…
Last Lines:
…but kepe wel ay godys byddyng
And crystyn fayth beleue stedefastly
Attributed Title: Decem Mandata (f. 227)
Editions:
Fawtier, E. C., and R. Fawtier. “From Merlin to Shakespeare: Adventures of an English Prophecy.” Bulletin of the John Rylands Library 5 (1918-20): 388-92: 389.
39.Source: Stonyhurst, Stonyhurst College 30 (A.VI.23), f. 122v
40.Source: Ushaw, St Cuthbert’s College 28, ff. 35v; 37; 38v-39; 40; 41; 43; 44-44v; 45v; 46v; 48
First Lines:
þu shalt loue god with hert intere
with all þi soule & al þi myght…
Last Lines:
…but euer uele goddes biddyng
& on cristen feiþe leue stedfastly
41.Source: New Haven, Yale University, Beinecke Library Osborn fa2 [olim Laurence Witten, Cat. 5, item 51; prior Helmingham Hall LJ. V. 14], ff. 66-68v
First Lines:
Thow schalt loue god with hert entere
Wyth all þi sowle & all þi myght…
Last Lines:
…But kepe ay wele godes byddynge
And cristen fayth leue stedefastely
42.Source: San Marino, CA, Henry Huntington Library HM 124 [olim Sotheby’s Sale, 11 June 1923, lot 89A], ff. 6v-13
First Lines:
Thou schalt love god wyth hert enteere
Wyth alle thi soule and all thy myght…
Last Lines:
…But kepe welle ay godes byddyng
And cristen fayth leve stedefastly
43.Source: Urbana, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign 71 [olim Harmsworth, Sotheby’s sale, 16 Oct. 1945, Lot 2132]
Note: Occurring separately from Speculum Christiani.
44.Source: Dublin, Trinity College, Dublin 159, f. 152
Note: 3 st. omitted.
45.Source: Dublin, Trinity College, Dublin 351, f. 7
46.Source: New Haven, Yale University, Beinecke Library, Takamiya Deposit 96 [olim Beeleigh Abbey (Foyle)], ff. 3v-7
First Lines:
Þow schalt loue god with hert entere
with al þi soule and al þi myȝt
Other god on no manere
þow schalt not haue be day nor nyȝt…
Last Lines:
…But kepe ay wel goddess byddyng
And cristen fayth leue stedfastly



Print Witnesses:
1.Source: STC 26012. Wotton, John, Speculum Cristiani, W. de Machlinia ad exp. H. Vrankenburgh, [1486?] , sigs. a.viii-b.vii
First Lines:
Thou schalt loue god with herte entiere
With alle thy soule and alle thy might
Other god in no manere
Thou schalt not haue by daye ne nyght…
Last Lines:
…But kepe wel ay goddes bidding
And cristen faith kepe ay stedfastly
Note: CUL Inc. 5.J.3.5 [3607].
Attributed Title: Incipit liber qui vocatur Speculum Cristiani (sig. a.ii; f. 1); Iste Libellus impressus est in opulentissima Ciuitate Londoniarum per me Willelmum de Machlinia ad instanciam necnon expensas Henrici Vrankenbergh mercatoris (last folio, verso)