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Thou shalt have one god and no moo
The Ten Commandments — twelve couplets
Note: These couplets are also interspersed through the prose Exposition of the Commandments which forms a part of the Wycliffite expansion of The Lay Folk’s Catechism (see 672). MSS Cambridge UK, Sidney Sussex College 55 and Ushaw, St Cuthbert’s College 28 are copies of the Speculum Christiani, the only MSS to contain this form of the Commandments.
Subjects: Ten Commandments
Versification: — two-line — aa



Manuscript Witnesses:
1.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Ashmole 59 (SC 6943), f. 72v
First Lines:
þowe shalt haue one god and no moo
þou shalt not swere in veyne al so
Looke þou halowe þine halidaye
ffader moder þou worship aye…
Last Lines:
…þy neghboires wyf coveyte þou nought
hors oxse asse no oþer ought
Note: Five couplets.
Attributed Title: þe ten comandementz (f. 72v)
2.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Ee.4.35, Part I, f. 6
First Lines:
Thow schalt haffe one god & no mo
And ower all theyng loffe hem all so…
Last Lines:
…ho so well to heuen goo
Kepe hem All & breke non of tho
Attributed Title: The x Comandementes (f. 6)
3.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Ff.2.38, f. 32ra-32rb
First Lines:
Thou schalt haue oo god and no moo
And ouer all thyng houe hym also
Goddys name in ydyll take þu nought
Ne swere be noþyng þat he haþe wrought…
Last Lines:
…Who so wole to heuene goo
Kepe þem all breke noon of thoo
Attributed Title: Here…begynneþ þe x commaundementis of almyȝty god (f. 32ra)
Facsimiles:
McSparran, Frances, and Pamela R. Robinson. “Introduction.” Cambridge University Library MS Ff.2.38. London: Scolar Press, 1979.
4.Source: Cambridge UK, Sidney Sussex College 55, ff. 3v-6v
First Lines:
Thu schalt one god and no mo
Ouer alle thynge loue hym also
And thy neghbor both frende and foo…
Last Lines:
…Ne horse ne ox schepe ne asse
Ne none of his thynge more or lasse
Note: Nine couplets, missing one for the second commandment.
Editions:
Holmstedt, Gustaf, ed. Speculum Christiani. EETS o.s. 182 (1933); repr. 1988: lxxiv-lxxv.
5.Source: London, British Library Harley 1706, f. 205
Editions:
Maskell, William. Monumenta Ritualia Ecclesiae Anglicanae. 3 vols. London: Pickering, 1846-47; 2nd ed. 1882: 3.254.
Heuser, Wilhelm. Die Kildare-Gedichte… Bonner Beiträge zur Anglistik 14. Bonn: P. Hanstein, 1904: 205.
6.Source: London, British Library Harley 2339, ff. 116-116v
First Lines:
Thou schalt haue o god & nomo
& ouer al þing loue him also…
Last Lines:
…Who so wole to heuene go
Kepe hem ane breke noon of þo
Attributed Title: Here bigynnen þe x comandementis of god (rubricated, f. 116)
7.Source: London, British Library Harley 5396, f. 285v
8.Source: London, British Library Sloane 1313, f. 127
Note: 25 lines.
9.Source: Ushaw, St Cuthbert’s College 28, ff. 36; 37; 39; 40; 41; 43; 44v; 45v; 46v; 48
First Lines:
þu shalt haue one god & no mor
& ouer thyng loue him also…
Last Lines:
…þies ben þe comawndentes ten
þat comawndet to al men
10.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Bodl. Lat. liturg. e.17, ff. 53v-54
First Lines:
Thou shalt haue oo god and no moo
And ouer alle thyng loue hym also…
Last Lines:
…And who so wolle to heuen goo
Moste kepe hem alle & breke noon of thoo
Attributed Title: The x comaundementis of oure lorde (f. 53v)