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DIMEV 5823
IMEV 3670
NIMEV 3670
Thou fierce god of arms Mars the red
Geoffrey Chaucer, Anelida and Arcite — 357 lines in 45 stanzas of various forms, mostly rhyme royal
Note: Includes at lines 211-350 ‘Anelida’s Complaint’, which is also found separately: see 4949.
Author(s): Geoffrey Chaucer
Title(s): Anelida and Arcite
Subjects: complaints, lovers’; lover’s lament; women, as speakers/narrators
Versification: — seven-line — ababbcc



Manuscript Witnesses:
1.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Bodley 638 (SC 2078), ff. 5-7; 7v-11
First Lines:
The fers god of Armes Mars the rede
that in the frosty contre callid trace…
Last Lines:
…And with her owne hond she gan hit write
& sent hit to her theban knght Arcyte
Note: Begins on ff. 5-7 with ‘Anelida’s Complaint’:
‘So thyrlid with the poynt of Remembraunce
The swerd of sorow I whet with fals plesavnce
Now that Arcite Anelida to fore
Hath thirled with the poynt of remembraunce’.
Attributed Title: The complaynt of feyre Anelida on fals Arcyte (f. 5), Explicit So thirlid with the poynte of Remembraunce (f. 7), The boke of feyre Anelida & fals Arcyte (f. 7v), So thrillyd with the poynt . vt supra et cetera (at the end)
Facsimiles:
Robinson, Pamela. “Introduction.” Manuscript Bodley 638: A Facsimile. Norman, OK: Pilgrim, and Woodbridge: Boydell and Brewer, 1982.
Editions:
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. A Supplementary Parallel-Text Edition of Chaucer’s Minor Poems. 2 vols. Chaucer Society 1st ser. 22, 59. London: Trübner, n.d.; repr. New York and London: Johnson, 1967.
2.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Digby 181 (SC 1782), ff. 39v-43v
First Lines:
Thowe fers god of Armes Mars the rede
That in thy ffrosty Cuntre called Trace…
Last Lines:
…With in the Temple with a sorowfull chere
That Shapyn was as ye shall aftir here
Attributed Title: Explicit lamentacio Annelide Regine Ermonie (at the end)
Editions:
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. A Supplementary Parallel-Text Edition of Chaucer’s Minor Poems. 2 vols. Chaucer Society 1st ser. 22, 59. London: Trübner, n.d.; repr. New York and London: Johnson, 1967.
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. A One-Text Print of the Minor Poems. 2 pts. London: Trübner, 1871, 1880; repr. New York and London: Johnson, 1967.
Skeat, Walter William, ed. The Complete Works of Geoffrey Chaucer. 7 vols. Oxford: Clarendon, 1894-7: 1.365-78.
3.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Fairfax 16 (SC 3896), ff. 30-35
First Lines:
Thou fers god of Armes Mars the rede
that in the frosty contre called Trace…
Last Lines:
…and with her ovne honde she gan hit write
And sent to her theban knyght Arcite…
Note: Ends incomplete after 30 stanzas, with note for continuance, ‘So thirled with the poynt & cetera’ in display script at end (f .35)
Attributed Title: The compleynt of feire Anelida And fals Arcite (f. 32)
Editions:
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. A Parallel-Text Edition of Chaucer’s Minor Poems. 3 vols. Chaucer Society 1st. ser. 21, 57, 58. London: Trübner, n.d. repr. New York and London: Johnson, 1967.
Robinson, F. N., ed. The Works of Geoffrey Chaucer. Oxford: Clarendon, 1933; 2nd ed. 1957: 355-60; 1957, 303-8.
Benson, Larry Dean, ed. The Riverside Chaucer. 3rd ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1987: 376-81.
4.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Tanner 346 (SC 10173), ff. 59v-65
First Lines:
Thou ferse god of armes Mars the rede
That in thi firsty contre called Trace…
Last Lines:
…With Iune the temple with a sorofull chere
That shapyn was as ye shall aftyr here
Attributed Title: Of Qu. Annelida & þe false Arcite (f. 59v, added by post-medieval hand)
Editions:
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. A Parallel-Text Edition of Chaucer’s Minor Poems. 3 vols. Chaucer Society 1st. ser. 21, 57, 58. London: Trübner, n.d. repr. New York and London: Johnson, 1967.
5.Source: London, British Library Addit. 16165, ff. 256-258v; 241v-243v
First Lines:
þow fers god of armes mars þe red
þat in þy frosty cuntrey called Trace…
Last Lines:
…How þat Arcyte Anelyda so sore
Hope thirlled with þe poynte of Remembraunce
Note: Miscopied, end first (256-258v, 241v-243v).
Attributed Author: …made by Geffrey Chaucyer (f. 256v)
Attributed Title: Balade of Anelyda Qwene of Cartage made by Geffrey Chaucyer (f. 256v); And þus endiþe here þe compleynte of Anelyda (243v)
Editions:
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. A Supplementary Parallel-Text Edition of Chaucer’s Minor Poems. 2 vols. Chaucer Society 1st ser. 22, 59. London: Trübner, n.d.; repr. New York and London: Johnson, 1967.
6.Source: London, British Library Addit. 17492 [Devonshire], f. 91r2
First Lines:
…for thowgh I had yow to morow agayne
I myght as well hold apryl from rayne
as holde yow to maken stedfast…
Last Lines:
…ys that a tame beest that ys aye fayne
to renne away whan he ys lefte agaste…
Note: Lines 308-316 only
7.Source: London, British Library Harley 372, ff. 57-60v
First Lines:
[T]How ferse god of Armes Marce the reede
that in the frosty contre called Trace…
Last Lines:
…How that Arcyte Annelyda to soore
hath thrilled with þe poynt of Remembraunce
Note: Ends ’Explicit’ (f. 60v).
Attributed Title: Here begynneth the / Compleynt of faire / Anelida & fals Arcite (f. 57)
Editions:
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. A Parallel-Text Edition of Chaucer’s Minor Poems. 3 vols. Chaucer Society 1st. ser. 21, 57, 58. London: Trübner, n.d. repr. New York and London: Johnson, 1967.
8.Source: London, British Library Harley 7333, ff. 134ra-135rb
First Lines:
Þow fiers god of armes mars the rede
That in þe frosty contry called Trace…
Last Lines:
…How þat Arcyte Anelyda so sore
Haþe trilled with þe poynte of Rememberaunce
Attributed Title: Lo my lordis and ladyes here folowyng may ye see / the maner of the lovyng bytwene Arcite of / Thebes and Anelida the faire Quene of hermony / which with his feyned chere doublenesse and / flateryng disceuied here withouten cause she / beyng than oon of þe trewest gentilwomen / that bere lyf compleyneth here I beseche you (f. 134ra, rubric)
Editions:
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. A Parallel-Text Edition of Chaucer’s Minor Poems. 3 vols. Chaucer Society 1st. ser. 21, 57, 58. London: Trübner, n.d. repr. New York and London: Johnson, 1967.
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. A One-Text Print of the Minor Poems. 2 pts. London: Trübner, 1871, 1880; repr. New York and London: Johnson, 1967.
9.Source: Longleat, Marquess of Bath MS 258, ff. 76-84
First Lines:
[O]thou fers god of Armes the Rede
That in thy frosty Countrey called trace…
Last Lines:
…Within the Temple with a woful chere
That shapen was as ye may plainly here
Attributed Title: Here endith the complaint of / Annelada the quene ayeinst fals / Arcite the Theban knyght (f. 84)
Editions:
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. A Supplementary Parallel-Text Edition of Chaucer’s Minor Poems. 2 vols. Chaucer Society 1st ser. 22, 59. London: Trübner, n.d.; repr. New York and London: Johnson, 1967.



Print Witnesses:
1.Source: STC 5090. Chaucer, Geoffrey, [Thou fiers god of armes, mars the rede], [Westminster: W. Caxton, 1477?]
Editions:
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. A Parallel-Text Edition of Chaucer’s Minor Poems. 3 vols. Chaucer Society 1st. ser. 21, 57, 58. London: Trübner, n.d. repr. New York and London: Johnson, 1967.
2.Source: Geoffrey Chaucer, Workes, Thynne, 1532 , ff. 291vb-293vb
First Lines:
O Thou feirs god of armes Mars þe rede
That in thy frosty countre called Trace…
Last Lines:
…Within the temple with a sorouful chere
That shapen was as ye may plainly here
Note: Ends ‘Explicit’ and Assembly of Ladies follows without further description of temple.
Attributed Title: Of quene Annelida and false Arcite (f. 291vb)