SEARCH RECORDS
SEARCH MSS
PRINTED BOOKS
INSCRIPTIONS
BIBLIOGRAPHY
GLOSSARY
DIMEV HOME
The Digital Index of Middle English Verse
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
DIMEV 5339
IMEV 3389
NIMEV 3389
The Holy Rood the sweet tree right is to have in mind
The ‘Early History’ of the Cross in the South English Legendary
Note: This is incorporated in the Laud ‘Sancta Crux’ — see 5337.
Title(s): South English Legendary
Versification: — two-line — aa



Manuscript Witnesses:
1.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Laud misc. 463 (SC 1596), ff. 43va-45ra
First Lines:
ÞE holy Rode þe swete treo right is to hauen in minde
þat haþ fro strong y brought to liue al mankynde…
Last Lines:
…So þat þilk stede was ffor lete many day
þat no Cristen man ne paynym wiste where þe Rode lay
Note: Two columns per page, one full-line, the other half-line.
2.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Bodley 779 (SC 2567), ff. 144v-145v
First Lines:
Þe holy rode þe swete tre ryȝt is to habbe In mende
þat haþ fram strong deþ I brouȝt to lyue alle mankende…
Last Lines:
…So þat þilke stede was for lete mony a day
þat no cristinman ne payemens neyste were þe rode lay
Attributed Title: Þe gynnyng of þe holy rode (f. 144v)
3.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Eng. poet. a.1 (SC 3938) [Vernon MS], ff. 28vb-29va
First Lines:
ÞE holy Rode þe swete treo riht is to hauen in muynde
Þat haþ from strong deþ i brouht to lyue al monkuynde…
Last Lines:
…So þat þulke stude was for let mony a day
Þat no cristene mon ne Painym nuste where þe Rode lay
Facsimiles:
Doyle, I. A., ed. The Vernon Manuscript. A Facsimile of Bodleian Library, Oxford, MS Eng. poet.a.1, with an introduction by A. I. Doyle. Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 1987.
Scase, Wendy, and Nick Kennedy, eds. A facsimile edition of the Vernon manuscript: Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS. Eng. Poet. A. 1. Oxford: The Bodleian Library, 2011.
Editions:
Morris, Richard, ed. Legends of the Holy Rood, Symbols of the Passion, and Cross-Poems. EETS o.s. 46 (1871); repr. 1973: 18-35.
4.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Ashmole 43 (SC 6924), ff. 63v-66
First Lines:
þE holi rode þe swete tre riȝt is to habbe in munde
þat haþ fram stronge deþ ibroȝt to lyue al mankunde…
Last Lines:
…So þat þulke stude was vorlete mony aday
þat no cristenmon ne paynym muste war þe rode lay
Attributed Title: þe holy rede day (f. 63v)
Editions:
Morris, Richard, ed. Legends of the Holy Rood, Symbols of the Passion, and Cross-Poems. EETS o.s. 46 (1871); repr. 1973: 18-35.
5.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Tanner 17 (SC 9837), ff. 95-97
First Lines:
The holi rode þe swete tre riȝt is to han in mynde
Þat haþ fro þe stronge deþ brouȝt to lyue al man kynde…
Last Lines:
…So þat þe stede was forleten many a day
þat no cristen man ne paynym wist not where þe rode lay
Note: No division between this and 133, which follows it in this MS.
6.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Addit. C.38 (SC 30236), f. 106v
Note: Lines 1-20 only.
7.Source: Oxford, Trinity College 57, ff. 35v-37
Attributed Title: Inuencio sancte crucis (f. 35v; and RT)
8.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Addit. 3039, ff. 127-129v
First Lines:
Þe haly rode þat suet tre is gude to hafe in mynde
ffor þurgh it fro dede to lyfe was broȝt al mankynde
Þurgh a tre we were forlorne for syn þat adam wroȝt
And þurgh a tre also to lyfe þen were we broȝt…
Last Lines:
…Sithen at his t[ ]nce day theþen bod hym twynne
a crewe come & woned in þat ilk hous & fand þis croice þerin…
Note: Text missing from middle and end due to loss of folios.
9.Source: Cambridge UK, Corpus Christi College 145, ff. 63-65v
First Lines:
ÞE holy rode þe swete tre riȝt is to habbe in munde
Þat haþ fram strange deþ ibroȝt to lyue al man kunde…
Last Lines:
…So þat þulke stude was forlete many a day
Þat no cristene man ne pain miste war þe rode lay
Editions:
D’Evelyn, Charlotte, and A. J. Mill, eds. The South English Legendary: Corpus Christi College Cambridge MS. 145 and British Museum MS. Harley 2277, with variants from Bodley MS. Ashmole 43 and British Museum MS. Cotton Julius D.ix. EETS o.s. 235 (1959), 236 (1956); repr. 1967: 1.167.
10.Source: Cambridge UK, Magdalene College Pepys 2344, pp. 265-269
First Lines:
ÞE holy Rode day & þe swete treo riȝt hit is to haue in munde
Þat ffram strong deþ brouȝte al mankunde…
Last Lines:
…So þat pulke stede was fforlete many a long day
Þat no cristene man ne paym wuste whar þe rode lay
Attributed Title: Inuencio Sancte Crucis (RT)
11.Source: Cambridge UK, Trinity College R.3.25 (605), ff. 90-92
First Lines:
HE holy rode þat swete tre goud is to habben in munde
þat haþ from stronge deþ y broȝt al mankunde…
Last Lines:
…Þus þulke stede was for lete many a day
so þat cristen ne paynym niste ware þe rode lay
Attributed Title: þe holy rode (RT)
12.Source: London, British Library Cotton Julius D.IX, f. 67
13.Source: London, British Library Egerton 1993, f. 144v
14.Source: London, British Library Egerton 2810 [olim Allan of Darlington], f. 56
Note: Lines 1-4 and 185-204 only.
15.Source: London, British Library Egerton 2810 [olim Allan of Darlington], f. 185v
16.Source: London, British Library Egerton 2891, f. 73
17.Source: London, British Library Harley 2250, ff. 79-80v
First Lines:
The holy rode þat swete tre gode is to haue in mynde
Þat has fro strong dethe broȝt to life al monkynde…
Last Lines:
…He ordent þen his moer thurgh hor botheres speche
ffor to wende to Ierusalem þe holy rode to seche
Attributed Title: De Cruce (RT)
18.Source: London, British Library Harley 2277, f. 37v
19.Source: London, British Library Addit. 10301, ff. 75-77v
First Lines:
ÞE holy Rode þat swete tre riȝt is to haue in munde
þat haþ fram strange deþ y broȝt to lyue al man kunde…
Last Lines:
…So þat þulke stude was vor lete mani a day
þat no cristen man ne payn niste ware þe Rode lay
Attributed Title: De inuencione sancte crucis (f. 75, by scribe in margin beside first line); Sancte crucis, Inuencione sancte crucis (RT)
20.Source: London, Lambeth Palace Library 223, ff. 97v-100
First Lines:
Thurgh a tre we were forlorn & first broȝt to grounde
And þurȝ atre to lyf broȝt heried be þat stounde…
Last Lines:
…So þat þe place by tyme forlett was mony a day
Þat cristen men ne heþen nist where þe Rode lay
Note: Begins with line 3.
Attributed Title: De Cruce (RT)
21.Source: Leeds, Leeds University Library Brotherton 501 [olim Horton Hold Hall, Maggs Bros. Sale Cat. No. 580, Item 450], ff. 107-107v; 106-106v; 105-105v; 104-104v; 103-103v; 102-102v; 101-101v; 100-100v
First Lines:
The holy Rode the swete tre ys good to haf in mynde
ffor thurgh it fro deth to lyue was broght al mankynde
Thurgh a tre we were for lorn thurgh syn þat adam wroght
And thurgh a tre also to lyf were we broght…
Last Lines:
…Now Ihesu thurgh thy holy Rode Schylde vs fro the fende
And bryng vs to that mekyll ioye that neuyr shal haf ende
Note: Combined with 5554, which follows.
Attributed Title: Here begynnyth a proces & a declaracion of the holy cros how it was [ ] of cernelys the wiche cam fro paradys & þan of the myraclys of the cros as ye shal here aftyrward (f. 107); Explicit virtus sancte crucis (f. 101v)
22.Source: New Haven, Yale University, Beinecke Library, Takamiya Deposit 54 [olim Weld, sold Sotheby’s, lot 57, June 24, 1980], ff. 75v-78
First Lines:
The holy rood þat swete tre Right is to haue in mynde
Þat haþ þus from deth brouȝt to lyf al mankynde…
Last Lines:
…So þat place was forlete many a longe day
Þat Cristen man neiþere paynyme nyst where þe rode lay
Note: With 133.