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DIMEV 5248
IMEV 3327
NIMEV 3327
The double sorrow of Troilus to tellen
Geoffrey Chaucer, Troilus and Criseyde — Five Books in rhyme royal
Note: A Latin translation by Sir Francis Kinaston, A.D. 1639, with Eng. from Thynne, occurs in Oxford, Bodleian Library Addit. C.287 (SC 29640). For extracts, see 5249.
Author(s): Geoffrey Chaucer
Title(s): Troilus and Criseyde
Subjects: Troilus and Cressida, story of; romances; Troy, Matter of
Versification: — seven-line — ababbcc



Manuscript Witnesses:
1.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Arch. Selden. B. 24 (SC 3354), ff. 1-118v
First Lines:
The double sorowe of Troylus to tellen
That was the king Peramus sone of Troye…
Last Lines:
…So make vs Ihesu for thy mercy digne
ffor love of maide and moder thyne benigne
Attributed Title: Here endeth the book of Troylus of double sorowe In loving of Criseide (f. 118v)
Facsimiles:
Boffey, Julia, and A. S. G. Edwards, eds. Chaucer, Works. Bodleian Library MS Arch Selden B.24: Facsimile Edition. Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 1995.
2.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Arch. Selden. B. 24 (SC 3354), ff. 138v-141v
First Lines:
The Lorde of loue aa benedicitee
How mighty and how grete a lord Is he…
Last Lines:
…And though thou be for wo In poynt to dye
That schall full metile lessen of thy pyne…
Note: Lines 1-146 only
Facsimiles:
Boffey, Julia, and A. S. G. Edwards, eds. Chaucer, Works. Bodleian Library MS Arch Selden B.24: Facsimile Edition. Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 1995.
3.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Selden Supra 56 (SC 3444), ff. 1-106v
First Lines:
the doubille sorow off Troylus to telle
[t]hat was þe kyng Priamus Sonne of Troy…
Last Lines:
…So make vs Ihesus for thy mercy digne
ffor loue of mayden and modir thyne benygne
Note: Lines 1-146 only
4.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Digby 181 (SC 1782), ff. 54-93v
First Lines:
The dowbill sorowe off Troilous to tell
That was the kyng Priamus sone of Troy…
Last Lines:
…Vs lakkis nought but þat we witt wolde
A certeyn houre in which she come sholde
Note: Ends 3.532 in the middle of the page; the rest was probably never copied.
5.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Rawlinson poet. 163 (SC 14655), ff. 1-113v
First Lines:
[T]he doleful sorow of Troilus to tellen
That was the kyng priamus sone of Troye…
Last Lines:
…To take vs Ihesus for thy mercy digne
ffor loue of mayd & modyr thyn benygne
Attributed Title: Heer endith the book of Troylus and of Cresseyde Tregentyll Chauucer (at the end)
Facsimiles:
McCormick, W. S. “Another Chaucer Stanza?” An English Miscellany presented to Dr Furnivall in Honour of his Seventy-fifth Birthday. Oxford: Clarendon, 1901: 296-300: betw. 296 and 297 (folio 39 only).
6.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Gg.4.27 (Part 1a), ff. 14-126v
First Lines:
…So whan þat kalkas knew be kalkesyng
And ek be answere of þis Appollo…
Last Lines:
…þat ȝe þat don me al þis wo endure
Ȝit loue I ȝow best of ony creature…
Note: Begins 1.71; ends imperfectly.
Facsimiles:
Parkes, Malcolm B., and Richard Beadle. “Introduction.” Poetical Works. Geoffrey Chaucer. A Facsimile of Cambridge University Library MS Gg.4.27. 3 vols Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 1979 (vol. 1); 1980 (vols. 2-3).
Editions:
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. A Parallel Text Print of Troilus and Criseyde. 2 vols. Chaucer Society 1st ser. 63, 64. London: Trübner, 1881; repr. New York and London: Johnson, 1967: (with Harley 2280 and Huntington HM 143).
7.Source: Cambridge UK, Corpus Christi College 61, ff. 2-150
First Lines:
THe double sorwe of Troilus to tellen
That was the kyng Priamus sone of Troye…
Last Lines:
…So make vs Ihesus for thi mercy digne
ffor loue of Mayde and moder thyne benigne
Attributed Title: Explicit Liber Troily (f. 150)
Facsimiles:
Parkes, Malcolm B., and Elizabeth Salter. “Introduction.” Troilus and Criseyde. Geoffrey Chaucer. A Facsimile of Corpus Christi College Cambridge MS 61. Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 1978.
Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, MS 61 of Troilus & Criseyde : A digital facsimile of this MS is available through the Parker Library’s online site.
Editions:
Sisam, Celia, and Kenneth Sisam, eds. The Oxford Book of Medieval English Verse. Oxford: Clarendon, 1970: 270-5 (excerpts).
Benson, Larry Dean, ed. The Riverside Chaucer. 3rd ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1987: 473-585.
8.Source: Cambridge UK, St John’s College L.1 (235), ff. 1-119v
First Lines:
The dowble sorowe of Troilus to tellen
That was the kyng Priamus sonne of Troye…
Last Lines:
…To make vs Ihesu for thy mercy digne
ffor loue of Mayde and Moder thyn benyngne
Attributed Title: Explicit liber Troili & Criseidis (f. 119v)
Facsimiles:
Beadle, Richard, and Jeremy Griffiths. “Introduction.” St. John’s College, Cambridge Manuscript L. 1. A Facsimile. Norman, OK: Pilgrim, and Woodbridge: Boydell and Brewer, 1983.
9.Source: London, British Library Addit. 12044, ff. 1-113v
First Lines:
The double sorwe of Troylus to tellen
That was the kyng Pryamus sone of Troye…
Last Lines:
…That is in heuen aboue and at þe laste
There he was slayne his lokyng doun he caste
Note: Ends imperfectly.
10.Source: London, British Library Harley 1239, f. 1-62v
Last Lines:
…So make vs Ihesu ffor thy mercy digne
ffor loue of qo mayde And Modyer thyn benigne
Note: Imperfect in the middle.
Attributed Title: Explicit (f. 62v)
11.Source: London, British Library Harley 2280, f. 1-62v
Editions:
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. A Parallel Text Print of Troilus and Criseyde. 2 vols. Chaucer Society 1st ser. 63, 64. London: Trübner, 1881; repr. New York and London: Johnson, 1967: (with CUL Gg.4.27 and Huntington HM 143).
12.Source: London, British Library Harley 2392, f. 1
Note: Ends 4.686
13.Source: London, British Library Harley 3943, f. 2
Editions:
Troilus and Crisyede. 2 vols. Chaucer Society 1st ser. 44, 65. London: Trübner, 1873; repr. New York and London: Johnson, 1967: (with New York, Pierpont Morgan Library M817 [olim Campsall Hall]).
14.Source: London, British Library Harley 4912, f. 1
Note: Ends imperfectly.
15.Source: Durham, Durham University Library Cosin V.ii.13, ff. 4-105v
First Lines:
The double sorow of troilus to telle
þat was the king Priamus sonne of Troye…
Last Lines:
…So make vs Ihesu for þi mercy digne
ffor loue of maid and moder þine benigne
Attributed Title: Explicit liber Troili et Criseide (f. 105v)
16.Source: Hatfield House, Marquess of Salisbury C.F. and E.P. Box S/1, fragment: a vertical strip with five stanzas on each side
First Lines:
…[t]hat reson in thee fayleth
wiste what she weere…
Last Lines:
…[b]oote er þat it be ful longe
s do me drawe and sithen honge
Note: Fragments of 1.764-833.
Facsimiles:
Campbell, Jackson J. “A New Troilus Fragment.” PMLA 73 (1958): 305-8.
Doyle, A. I. “The Copyist of the Ellesmere Canterbury Tales.” The Ellesmere Chaucer: Essays in Interpretation. Ed. Martin Stevens and Daniel Woodward. San Marino, CA & Tokyo: Huntington Library & Yushodo Co., Ltd., 1995.: Facsimiles of both the recto and verso (Fig. 18 and Fig. 19, full size)..
Mooney, Linne R. “Chaucer’s Scribe.” Speculum 81 (2006): 97-138.: Figures 2A and 2B.
Editions:
Campbell, Jackson J. “A New Troilus Fragment.” PMLA 73 (1958): 305-8.
17.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library 2 binding fragments
First Lines:
…þis dreme [ ]ue eke byforn
May neuer [ ]nce
He þouȝt ay [ ]ady lorne
And þat þat [ ]yance…
Last Lines:
…[ ]d of þe holy serpe[ ]
[ ] of þe furyes al…
Note: 56 lines corresponding to Bk. 5, stanzas 207-214; Hamer (1995); lists as unidentified, missing or destroyed.
Editions:
Skeat, Walter William. “Fragments of Yorkshire Mysteries.” Academy 37 (No. 922, 4 January, 1890): 10-11: 6.331-5.
Baker, Donald C., J. L. Murphy, and L. B. Hall, eds. The Digby Plays. EETS o.s. 283 (1982): 36-7.
18.Source: New York, Pierpont Morgan Library M817 [olim Campsall Hall], ff. 2-120
First Lines:
The double sorwe of Troylus to tellen
That was þe kyng Priamus sone of Troye…
Last Lines:
…So make vs Ihesu for thi grace digne
ffor loue of mayde and moder thyn benigne
Attributed Title: Explicit liber Troili et Criseide (f. 120)
Facsimiles:
Krochalis, Jeanne. “Introduction.” The Pierpont Morgan Library Manuscript M. 817: A Facsimile. Norman, OK: Pilgrim Books, 1986.
Editions:
Troilus and Crisyede. 2 vols. Chaucer Society 1st ser. 44, 65. London: Trübner, 1873; repr. New York and London: Johnson, 1967: (with London, British Library Harley 3943).
19.Source: San Marino, CA, Henry Huntington Library HM 114 [olim Phillipps 8252], ff. 193-318v
First Lines:
The dowble sorowe of Troyllus to tellyn
Þat was kyng Priamus sone of Troye…
Last Lines:
…So make vs Ihesu for thy mercy digne
ffor love of þat maydyn modir thyn benigne
Attributed Title: Troylus (f. 193); Explicit Troylus (f. 318v)
20.Source: San Marino, CA, Henry Huntington Library HM 143 [Sotheby’s sale 24 July 1924, lot 129; post Rosenbach], ff. ii-iiiv
First Lines:
…So Whan thys Calkas knewe by kalkulynge
And eke by onswere of this Appollo…
Last Lines:
…Of other sekenesse lest men of hym wende
That the hoote fir of loue hym brende…
Note: Two folios (a bifolium): 1.71-140 and 1.421-490.
Editions:
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. A Parallel Text Print of Troilus and Criseyde. 2 vols. Chaucer Society 1st ser. 63, 64. London: Trübner, 1881; repr. New York and London: Johnson, 1967: (with CUL Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Gg.4.27 (Part 1a) and London, British Library Harley 2280).
21.Source: San Marino, CA, Henry Huntington Library EL 26.A.13 [olim Bridgewater], ff. iiv-iii
First Lines:
A whetstone is no karving instrument
And yitte it makeþe sharp karving tholis…
Last Lines:
…If þowe de so þy witte is wele bywared
By his contrarye is every thing declared
Note: Fragment: Book I, lines 631-637 only; see also 2379.
Attributed Author: Gower (f. iiv)



Print Witnesses:
1.Source: STC 5094. [Troilus and Criseyde], [Westminster: W. Caxton, 1483] , sigs. a2-p4
First Lines:
The double sorow of Troylus to telle
Kynge Pryamus sone of Troye…
Last Lines:
…So make vs Ihesu for thy mercy dygne
For loue of mayden & moder thyn benygne
Attributed Title: Here endeth Troylus as touchyng Creseyde
Explicit per Caxton (sig. p.4)
2.Source: STC 5095. The noble and amerous auncyent hystory of Troylus and Cresyde Compyled by Geffraye Chaucer, de Worde, [London] 1517 , sigs. a2-ȝ7
First Lines:
[T]he double sorowe of Troylus to tell
That was þe kynge Pryamus sone troy…
Last Lines:
…So make us Ihesu for thy mercy dygne
For loue of mayden & moder thyn benygne
Note: On ȝ7v is a printer’s colophon in 4 rhyme royal stanzas with a woodcut of ‘Troylus’ and ‘Creseyde’ on the facing recto.
Attributed Author: Thus endeth the treatyse of Troylus the heuy
By Geffraye Chaucer compyled and done (ȝ7v)
Attributed Title: The noble and amerous auncyent hystory of Troylus and Cresyde in the tyme of the syege of Troye. Compyled by Geffraye Chaucer (Title Page [a1]).
3.Source: STC 5096. Here begynneth the boke of Troylus and Creseyde newly printed by a trewe copye, [Emprynted at London: In Fletestrete by Rycharde Pynson printer vnto the kynges noble grace, [1526?]] , sigs. A.2ra-K.6rb
First Lines:
The double sorowe of Troylus to tell
Kyng Priamus sonne of Troye…
Last Lines:
…So make vs Jhesu for thy mercy dygne
For loue of mayden & mother thyne benygne
Attributed Title: Here begynneth the boke of Troylus and Creseyde newly printed by a trewe copye (sig. A.i); Here endeth the boke of Troylus and Creseyde emprinted at London in Fletestrete by Rycharde Pynson printer vnto the kynges noble grace (sig. K.virb).
4.Source: Geoffrey Chaucer, Workes, Thynne, 1532 , ff. 170ra-219ara
First Lines:
The double sorow of Troilus to tellen
That was king Priamus son of Troy…
Last Lines:
…So make vs Jesus to thy mercy digne
For loue of mayde and mother thyn benigne
Note: A 1639 transcription accompanying a Latin translation by Sir Francis Kinaston is Oxford, Bodleian Library Addit. C.287 (SC 29640), pp. 1-471.
Attributed Title: Troylus and Creseyde (f. 169); Thus endeth the fyfth and laste booke of Troylus and here foloweth the pyteful and dolorous testament of fayre Creseyde (f. 219ara).
5.Source: STC 5075. Chaucer, Geoffrey, The workes of Geffrey Chaucer, newlie printed, with diuers addicions, whiche were neuer in print before: with the siege and destruccion of the worthy citee of Thebes, compiled by Ihon Lidgate, Monke of Berie. As in the table more plainly doeth appere, [Imprinted at London: By Ihon Kyngston, for Ihon Wight, dwellyng in Poules Churchyarde], 1561 , sigs. Gg.1v-Oo.2
First Lines:
The double sorow of Troilus to tellen
That was king Priamus sonne of Troy…
Last Lines:
…So make vs Jesus to thy mercy digne
For loue of maide and mother thin benigne
Attributed Title: Here after foloweth the Booke of Troilus and Creseide (Gg.1v).