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DIMEV 5215
IMEV 3310
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The blessing of heaven king
The Sayings of St. Bernard: Man’s Three Foes — in 6-line stanzas (aabccb)
Note: Includes Vbi sunt verses: ‘Uuere beþ they biforen vs weren’, etc., last seven stanzas. For another version which lacks the two introductory stanzas see 4564.
Author(s): Bernard of Clairveaux
Title(s): The Sayings of St. Bernard
Subjects: mortality
Versification: — six-line — aabccb



Manuscript Witnesses:
1.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Addit. E.6 (SC 30314), Part a (roll)
First Lines:
Þe blessyngge of þe hewene kyng
And of his moder þat swete þyng…
Last Lines:
…Þat we mowenþy sone ysen
In ioȝe wyd outen ende
Note: First poem on a parchment roll. At the start of the poem, Assit principio sancta maria meo; the same line is repeated at the end of the poem.
Editions:
Monda, J. B. “The Sayings of Saint Bernard from MS Bodleian Addit. E.6.” Mediaeval Studies 32 (1970): 299-307: 299.
2.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Digby 86 (SC 1687), ff. 125v-127
First Lines:
Þe blessinge of heuene king
And of his moder þat swete þing…
Last Lines:
…Þat we moten þi sone I seen
In ioye wiþ outen hende Amen
Attributed Title: Les diz de seint bernard (f. 125v)
Facsimiles:
Tschann, Judith A., and Malcolm B. Parkes. “Introduction.” Facsimile of Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Digby 86 EETS s.s. 16 (1996).
Editions:
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. The Minor Poems of the Vernon Manuscript, Part 2. EETS o.s. 117 (1901; repr. 1973): 2.511-22, 757-63.
Varnhagen, Hermann. “Zu mittelenglischen gedichten: IV-X.” Anglia 3 (1880): 59-67, 275-92, 415-25, 533-51: 60-6.
Chambers, Edmund Kerchever, and Frank Sidgwick. Early English Lyrics…. London: Buller, 1907, 1911 et seq: 163 (last l0 stanzas only).
Brown, Carleton Fairchild, ed. English Lyrics of the XIIIth Century. Oxford: Clarendon, 1932: 85-7.
Dickins, Bruce, and Richard M. Wilson. Early Middle English Texts. Cambridge: at the University Press, 1951: 127-8 (Ubi sunt st. only).
Kaiser, Rolf, ed. Alt- und mittelenglische Anthologie. Berlin-Charlottenburg: E. Schütt, 1954: 194.
Kaiser, Rolf, ed. Alt- und mittelenglische Anthologie. Berlin, 1954; 3rd ed.; trans. as Medieval English: a Old English and Middle English Anthology Berlin West, 1958: 221 (Ubi sunt st. only).
Speirs, John. Medieval English Poetry: the non-Chaucerian Tradition. London: Faber, 1957: 89 (Ubi sunt st. only).
Davies, Reginald Thorne. Medieval English Lyrics: a critical anthology. London, 1963; Evanston, IL: Northwestern UP, 1964: 56-9.
Stevick, Robert D., ed. One Hundred Middle English Lyrics. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1964: 26-8 (Ubi sunt st. only).
Haskell, Ann Sullivan, ed. A Middle English Anthology. Garden City, NY: Anchor, 1969; 2nd ed. Detroit: Wayne State UP, 1985: 350 (final 10 stanzas).
Oliver, Raymond. Poems Without Names: The English Lyric 1200-1500. Berkeley, CA: University of California, 1970: 56 (Ubi sunt st. only).
Sisam, Celia, and Kenneth Sisam, eds. The Oxford Book of Medieval English Verse. Oxford: Clarendon, 1970: 21-3 (excerpts).
Silverstein, Theodore, ed. Medieval English Lyrics. York Medieval Texts. London: Edw. Arnold, 1971: 30-2.
Luria, Maxwell Sidney, and Richard L. Hoffman, eds. Middle English Lyrics. New York: Norton, 1974: 12-13 (Ubi sunt st. only).
3.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Laud misc. 108 (SC 1486), ff. 198ra-199rb
First Lines:
HErkineȝ me a luytel þrowe
ȝe þat wolleȝ ou self iknowe…
Last Lines:
…Þat we moten þi sone iseon
In Ùye with outen ende
Note: Without stanza 1.
Editions:
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. The Minor Poems of the Vernon Manuscript, Part 2. EETS o.s. 117 (1901; repr. 1973): 2.511-22, 757-63.
4.Source: London, British Library Harley 2253, ff. 106ra-107rb
First Lines:
Lustneþ alle a lutel þrowe
ȝe þat wolleþ on selue yknowe…
Last Lines:
…aȝeyn þy fo such staf þou nym
ant wrek þe on þat þuef
Note: Without stanza 1.
Editions:
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. The Minor Poems of the Vernon Manuscript, Part 2. EETS o.s. 117 (1901; repr. 1973): 2.511-22, 757-63.
Wright, Thomas. Specimens of Lyric Poetry composed in England in the Reign of Edward the First. Percy Society 4. London: Richard, 1842: 101-6.
Böddeker, Karl. Altenglische Dichtungen des MS. Harl. 2253. Berlin: Weidmann, 1878: 225-30.
Fein, Susanna Greer, ed. The Complete Harley 2253 Manuscript, Volume 2. Kalamazoo, Michigan: Medieval Institute Publications, 2009: Booklet 6, no. 74.
5.Source: Edinburgh, National Library of Scotland, Advocates’ 19.2.1 [Auchinleck MS], f. 280ra
First Lines:
…Where ben men biforn ous were
Þat houndes ladden & haukes bere…
Last Lines:
…& þe deþ be at our brest
Þe soule mot to heuen wende
Note: Last seven stanzas only.
Editions:
Varnhagen, Hermann. “Zu mittelenglischen gedichten: IV-X.” Anglia 3 (1880): 59-67, 275-92, 415-25, 533-51: 291-2.
Laing, David, ed. A Penni Worth of Witte, Florice and Blauncheflour…. Abbotsford Club 29. Edinburgh, 1857: 119-20.