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DIMEV 4982
IMEV 3185
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Sometime it was the guise among the wise
‘Of Knyghthode and Bataile’ — 3023 lines in rhyme royal (a translation of Vegetius, De Re Militari
Author(s): Flavius Vegetius
Title(s): de Re Militari; ‘Of Knyghthode and Bataile’
Subjects: translations; warfare
Versification: — seven-line — ababbcc



Manuscript Witnesses:
1.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Ashmole 45, Part II (SC 6927), ff. 1-53v
First Lines:
Svm tyme it was þe gise amonge þe wise
To rede and write goode & myghti thinges
And haue þerof the dede in exercise
Plesaunce herin hadde Emperours & kinges…
Last Lines:
…Of thy cadence and kepe ortographie
That neither he take of ner multiplie
Note: Every leaf has a running title ‘Of Knyghthode and Bataile’ and the number of the part (the Discourse consists of four parts each beginning with an illuminated letter). Each leaf contains 8 stanzas marked with letters A-H. This allows easy reference to any matter from the Table of Contents on ff. 54-56v: ‘The tabil vppon the book of Knyghthode and Bataile aftir the number lef and litterae therof’. At the end on f. 56v: ‘finis libri’. Originally the manuscript contained 56 leaves; now 29 leaves are lost.
Attributed Title: Of Knyghthode and Bataile (RT)
2.Source: Cambridge UK, Pembroke College 243, ff. 1-55v
First Lines:
Sumtyme It was the gise among the wise
To rede and write goode and myghti thinges…
Last Lines:
…Of thi Cadence And kepe Ortographie
That neither he take of ner multiplye
Note: With prologue of eleven 8-line stanzas, ababbcbc, beg. ‘Hail halyday deuout alhail kalende / Of Marche wheryn Dauid the Confessour…’; Prologue ends f. 2v, ‘The kyng his Oratoure god graunt his bone / Ay to prevaile in Knyghthode & bataile’; usual text begins f. 3, as above.
Attributed Title: Salue festa dies Mauortis id est martis Auete Kalende Qua deus ad celum subleuat ire Dauid (f. 1)
Editions:
Dyboski, R., and Z. M. Arend, eds. Knyghthode and Bataille. EETS o.s. 201 (1936); repr. 1971.
3.Source: London, British Library Cotton Titus A.XXIII, ff. 2-53v
First Lines:
[S]omtyme it was the gise among þe wise
To rede and write goode and myghte thinges…
Last Lines:
…Of thy cadence and kepe ortographie
That neither he take of ner multiplie
Note: Illuminated initial ‘S’ has been torn from the manuscript.
Attributed Title: Of knyghthode and Baraile (RT)