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The Digital Index of Middle English Verse
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DIMEV 4354
IMEV 2742
NIMEV 2742
Peace maketh plenty
Gnomic verses — three couplets (texts show slight variations)
Note: Cf. Puttenham (1936), 208 (ed. Willcock); and Hughey (1935), 1.87, 2.16; Arundel, Harington, f. 20a, pr. Hughey (1935), 1.87.
Subjects: aphorisms; paradoxes
Versification: — two-line — unrhymed
Bibliographic Ghosts: Cambridge UK, Trinity College R.1.15 (432), f. 59: incorrect duplication of copy in Trinity College, Dublin; Glasgow, Glasgow University Library Hunterian 232 (U.3.5), flyleaf; New Haven, Yale University, Beinecke Library 660 [olim Mostyn Hall?]



Manuscript Witnesses:
1.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Digby 230 (SC 1831), f. 223vb
Transcription:
Pees makith Plente
Plente makith Pride…
…And therfore
Grace growith aftir gouernaunce
Editions:
Macray, William D. Catalogi Codicum…Pars IX, Codices a… Kenelm Digby…, complectans. Oxford: Clarendon, 1883: 242.
Bergen, Henry, ed. Lydgate’s Troy Book. 4 vols. EETS e.s. 97 (1906); 103 (1908); 106 (1910); 126 (1935); repr. 1973: 4.26.
2.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Douce 52 (SC 21589), f. 138
First Lines:
Pees makeþ plente
Plente makeþ pride…
Last Lines:
…Pouert makeþ pees
And þerfore Grace growiþ after gouernaunce
Editions:
Douce, Francis. Catalogue of the Printed Books and Manuscripts bequeathed by Francis Douce, Esq., to the Bodleian Library Oxford: UP, 1840: 2.
Wright, Thomas, and James Orchard Halliwell-Phillipps, eds. Reliquiae Antiquae. 2 vols. London: Smith, 1845: 1.315.
Brotanek, Rudolph. Mittelenglische Dichtungen aus der Handschrift 432 des Trinity College in Dublin. Halle: Niemeyer, 1940: 15-16.
3.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Rawlinson poet. 140 (SC 14634), f. 108v
First Lines:
Pees makith plente
Plente makyth pride…
Last Lines:
…Pouert makith pees
And þer fore Grace growith aftyr gouernaunce
Editions:
Lauritis, Joseph Aloysius, ed. A Critical Edition ofJohn Lydgate’s Life of Our Lady. Duquesne Studies, Philological Series 2. Pittsburgh: Duquesne University, 1961; orig. ed. diss. University Pennsylvania 1951 (Ralph Albert Klinefelter); 1952 (Vernon F. Gallagher), 1958 (Lauritis), in 3 vols: 27.
4.Source: Oxford, St John’s College 6, f. 134ra
First Lines:
Pees makeþ plente
Plente makyþ pryde…
Last Lines:
…Pouert makeþ pees
and þer fore Grace groweth after gouernaunce
Note: 3 x 2, at the end: ‘Quod 9. 7.’
Attributed Author: Quod 9. 7 [= J. G.?] (f. 134)
Editions:
Coxe, Henry Octavius. Catalogus codicum mss. qui in collegiis aulisque oxoniensibus…. Oxon: e Typographeo academico, 1852: 2.
5.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Ff.1.6 [Findern MS], f. 53v
Transcription:
Pees maketh plente
Plente maketh pryde
Pryde maketh plee
Plee maketh pouert
Pouert makethe pees
And therfore verte folium
Note: 5 lines only
Facsimiles:
Beadle, Richard, and Alfred E. B. Owen. The Findern Manuscript: Cambridge University Library MS. F.1.6. London: Scolar Press, 1977.
Editions:
Robbins, Rossell Hope, ed. Secular Lyrics of the XIV and XV Centuries. 2nd ed. Oxford: Clarendon, 1955: 81.
Kaiser, Rolf, ed. Alt- und mittelenglische Anthologie. Berlin, 1954; 3rd ed.; trans. as Medieval English: a Old English and Middle English Anthology Berlin West, 1958: 396.
Davies, Reginald Thorne. Medieval English Lyrics: a critical anthology. London, 1963; Evanston, IL: Northwestern UP, 1964: 240.
Oliver, Raymond. Poems Without Names: The English Lyric 1200-1500. Berkeley, CA: University of California, 1970: 113.
Sisam, Celia, and Kenneth Sisam, eds. The Oxford Book of Medieval English Verse. Oxford: Clarendon, 1970: 567.
Luria, Maxwell Sidney, and Richard L. Hoffman, eds. Middle English Lyrics. New York: Norton, 1974: 119.
6.Source: Cambridge UK, Trinity College R.3.22 (602), f. 109v
Transcription:
Pees maketh plente
Plente makith pride
Pride makith plee
Plee makith pouert
Pouert makith pees
And therfore Grace growith aftir gouernance
Editions:
James, Montague Rhodes. Catalogue of the Western Manuscripts in the Library of Trinity College, Cambridge. 4 vols. Cambridge: at the UP, 1900-1904: 2.95.
Whiting, Bartlett Jere. Proverbs, Sentences, and Proverbial Phrases from English Writings Mainly before 1500. Cambridge, MA: Belknap, 1968: P68.
7.Source: London, British Library Harley 629, f. 97
Transcription:
Pees maketh plente
Plente maketh pride
Pride maketh plee
Plee maketh pouerte
Pouerte maketh pees And therfore
Grace growith after gouernance
Note: Written after 4080 by same scribe, all in rubric; sixth line, ‘And therfore’, written to right of lines 1-5, with seventh line, ‘Grace growith after gouernance’ below lined up to left margin as lines 1-5.
Editions:
Lauritis, Joseph Aloysius, ed. A Critical Edition ofJohn Lydgate’s Life of Our Lady. Duquesne Studies, Philological Series 2. Pittsburgh: Duquesne University, 1961; orig. ed. diss. University Pennsylvania 1951 (Ralph Albert Klinefelter); 1952 (Vernon F. Gallagher), 1958 (Lauritis), in 3 vols: 31.
Wright, Thomas, and James Orchard Halliwell-Phillipps, eds. Reliquiae Antiquae. 2 vols. London: Smith, 1845: 1.315.
Hughey, Ruth. The Harington Manuscript at Arundel Castle and related documents. n.p., 1935: 2.16.
8.Source: London, Society of Antiquaries 134, f. 30ra
Transcription:
Pees makeþ plente
Profete makeþ pride
Pride makeþ plee
Plee makeþ pouert
Pouert makeþ pees
And þerfore
Grace groweþ aftir gouernaunce
Note: All except last two lines written in rubric, immediately follows explicit of 4080
9.Source: Manchester, John Rylands Library Eng. 1 [olim Osterley Park], f. 172v
Transcription:
Pees makith plente
Plente makith pride
Pride makith plee
Plee makith pouert
Pouert makith pees
And therfore
Grace growith aftir gouernaunce
Note: Immediately follows 3995
10.Source: Manchester, John Rylands Library Lat. 201, f. 130
Transcription:
Pes makyth plente
plente makyth proyde
Proyde makyth plee
plee makyth pouerte
pouerte makyth pees
Ad þerefore grace growyth aftur gouernawnce
Note: Follows 4490 and precedes 6299; written two lines of verse per line of MS
Editions:
Fawtier, E. C., and R. Fawtier. “From Merlin to Shakespeare: Adventures of an English Prophecy.” Bulletin of the John Rylands Library 5 (1918-20): 388-92: 389.
11.Source: Manchester, W. Yates, Manchester sold 1893 (present location unknown), Art. 5
Note: Ascribed to, or signed by(?) ‘Billyng’.
Editions:
Bateman, William. Billyng’s Five Wounds of Christ. Manchester: Dean, 1814.
Axon, William Edward Armytage. “The Symbolism of the ‘Five Wounds of Christ’.” Transactions of the Lancashire and Chesire Antiquarian Society 10 (1892): 67-77: 175.
Förster, Max. “Die älteste Fassung des mittelenglishce Gedichtes Earth Upon Earth.” Archiv für das Studium der neueren Sprachen und Literaturen 138 (1919): 39-61: 41.
12.Source: Chicago, IL, University of Chicago Library 566 [olim Cockerell], f. 107v
Editions:
Lauritis, Joseph Aloysius, ed. A Critical Edition ofJohn Lydgate’s Life of Our Lady. Duquesne Studies, Philological Series 2. Pittsburgh: Duquesne University, 1961; orig. ed. diss. University Pennsylvania 1951 (Ralph Albert Klinefelter); 1952 (Vernon F. Gallagher), 1958 (Lauritis), in 3 vols: 44.
13.Source: Princeton, Princeton University Library Taylor Medieval 5 [olim Phillipps 8192], f. 193vb
Transcription:
Peese Maketh plente
Plente maketh pride
Pride maketh plee
Plee maketh pouerte
Pouerte maketh peese
And þerfore
Grace groweth aftur gouernance
Note: Added to blank page at end of volume
14.Source: Dublin, Trinity College, Dublin 432, f. 59
First Lines:
Pees maketh plente in euerych a place
& plente makeþ pride man so haue I grace…
Last Lines:
…Pouerte makeþ pees þer is best to a byde
ffor shal he neuer þryve þat vseþ ple or pride
Editions:
Brotanek, Rudolph. Mittelenglische Dichtungen aus der Handschrift 432 des Trinity College in Dublin. Halle: Niemeyer, 1940: 15-16.
15.Source: Aberystwyth, National Library of Wales MS 21242C [olim Mostyn Hall 85 (Christie’s, 24 Oct. 1974, lot 1479, sold to Quaritch)], f. 102v
Transcription:
Peace makyth plente
Plente makyth pride
Pride makyth plee
Ple makyth pouert
Pouert makyth pece
Note: Follows 4080; ends with ‘Grace growyth after gouernaunce’.