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The Digital Index of Middle English Verse
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DIMEV 423
IMEV 245
NIMEV 245
Almighty God in trinity / In whom onely is persons three
William of Nassyngton, Speculum Vitae — in couplets
Note: For four lines of the Speculum occurring separately see 5783.
Author(s): William of Nassington
Title(s): Speculum Vitae
Subjects: advice, spiritual
Versification: — two-line — aa
Bibliographic Ghosts: Oxford, Bodleian Library Rawlinson C.884 (SC 12718): see Oxford, Bodleian Library Rawlinson C.316 (SC 12172); London, British Library Harley 5977: see 3581.



Manuscript Witnesses:
1.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Bodley 48 (SC 1885), ff. 47-325
First Lines:
Aall myȝthy god in trynyte
In whom onely are persones þre…
Last Lines:
…To which blis he ous all brynge
þat on te crosse fore vs wolþe hynge
Attributed Title: Hic definit elle hoc speculum vite (f. 325)
2.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Bodley 446 (SC 2685), ff. 1-207v
First Lines:
[A]lmiȝty god in trinite
In qwome only ar persones þre…
Last Lines:
…to qwiche blis he vs alle bring
þat on þe crosse for vs wolde hing
3.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Eng. poet. a.1 (SC 3938) [Vernon MS], ff. 231va-265rc
First Lines:
ALmihti God in Trinite
In whom only are persones þre…
Last Lines:
…To wȝuche he vs alle bringe
Þat on þe Cros for vs wolde hynge. Amen.
Note: The text begins in column ‘a’ below a large diagram illustrating varieties of seven-fold behaviors. Lacks one leaf in the middle.
Facsimiles:
Doyle, I. A., ed. The Vernon Manuscript. A Facsimile of Bodleian Library, Oxford, MS Eng. poet.a.1, with an introduction by A. I. Doyle. Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 1987.
Scase, Wendy, and Nick Kennedy, eds. A facsimile edition of the Vernon manuscript: Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS. Eng. Poet. A. 1. Oxford: The Bodleian Library, 2011.
Editions:
Gunn, A. D. “Accidia and Prowess in the Vernon Version of Nassyngton’s Speculum Vitae: An Edition of the Text and a Study of the Ideas.” Diss. University of Pennsylvania, 1969.
4.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Eng. poet. d.5 (SC 31040), ff. 1-218
First Lines:
Alle myghty godde in trinite
In whayme anely es persouns thre…
Last Lines:
…To whilke blysse he vs alle brynge
Þat on þe croyce fore vs walde hynge
Attributed Author: Per Iohannem Kylyngwyke (f. 218)
Attributed Title: Pater noster qui es in celis Sanctificetur (f. 1); Explicit liber de Pater noster (f. 218)
5.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Greaves 43 (SC 3815), ff. 1-47v
First Lines:
…[ ]ich men wasches oft þer handes
[ ]oke of kinges is wryten þus …
Last Lines:
…ffor it ar some so uylans ay
þat with outen othe con noght say…
Note: Begins and ends imperfectly due to loss of folios; lines 8292-8365 and 9531-14054; only portions of the first and the last folios of this fragment survive.
6.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Hatton 18 (SC 4109), ff. 2-210v
First Lines:
þat ȝe han most of vsage
þat can euery man vndyrstande…
Last Lines:
…To weche blysse he vs all bryng
þat on cros for vs wold hyng
Note: Lines 1-63 wanting; begins imperfectly due to the loss of folios.
7.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Hatton 19 (SC 4110), ff. 3-94v
First Lines:
All myhty god in trynyte
In whom arn onli persones thre…
Last Lines:
…To the whiche blisse he vs bryng
That on cros for vs wold hyng
Note: Scribe’s signature at end: Amen & explicit vertuus est. Nomen scriptoris Thomas Doule plenus Amoris (f. 94v).
8.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Lyell 28, ff. 1ra-79vb
First Lines:
…for þe mare deuocioun þar in suld be
for þe maked bettre þat es noght heuy…
Last Lines:
…Gude vertus and do gode werkis
þare fore lewed men haf greet nede…
Note: Imperfect at beginning and end.
9.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Rawlinson C.884 (SC 12718), ff. 1-310v
First Lines:
…Haue more delyt þan in god of hefne
With al oure soule we suld him loue …
Last Lines:
…or with þe þornez þorouz whilk god was
corouned only for many trespas…
Note: Begins and ends imperfectly because of the loss of folios.
10.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Rawlinson C.890 (SC 12724), ff. 1-146v
First Lines:
Alle myghtty god in trinite
In whom onely are persones thre…
Last Lines:
…Settes temperaunce and sobernes
Righ[ ] mesure as reson es…
Note: At the start, ‘Pater noster qui es in celis’; ends imperfectly due to loss of folios.
11.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Rawlinson Q.b.4 (SC 16032), ff. 92; 91
First Lines:
…Thi feynd þat is bath fel and bald
Principal tempir he may be cald…
Last Lines:
…Non of þe warld na of þe feynd
Na of þe flesche þat þe saule may scheynd…
Note: Formerly listed separately as 3339.5; fragment, two folios only, c. 140 lines; first and last lines above are in folio order, not in order of text.
12.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Addit. 2823, ff. 1-48v
First Lines:
[A]lmyghty god in trinyte
In whom only are persones thre
ffader and sone and holy gost
þat are o god as we trowe most…
Last Lines:
…Ruþe in þre partyes mai sprede
In hert in mouþe and in dede…
Note: Ends imperfectly.
13.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Ff.4.9, ff. 1-83v
First Lines:
Almyghty god that is in trinite
In Whom oonly are persones thre
ffader and sone and holy gost
þat are o god as we trowe most…
Last Lines:
…To whyche blysse he vs brynge soone
That on Crosse for vs wolde be doone
14.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Gg.1.7, ff. 12-277v
First Lines:
…hateredene þat felaushipe persceyfe ca[ ]
Oute of company puttis a man
ffor if a man his felawe hate
And fandes to for do his state…
Last Lines:
…þat es fulle venymous and kene
þat es in latyne cald aspys…
Note: Begins imperfectly; about 670 lines missing at the beginning due to loss of folios 1-11; ends imperfectly due to loss of folios 278-288.
15.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Gg.1.14, ff. 2-242v
First Lines:
…ffor þat langages es maste shewed
als wele imong lered als lewed
Latyn als I trow can nane…
Last Lines:
…he þat lates þe watir ga
Ouer hastily agayns skille…
Note: Begins and ends imperfectly: lines 1-68 missing due to lost folio 1; ends imperfectly due to 12 leaves (ff. 243-254) missing at end.
16.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Ii.1.36, ff. 1-225
First Lines:
Almyȝti god in trinite
In qwom onely are persones þre…
Last Lines:
…To qwik blis he vs alle brynge
þat on þe crosse for vs wold hynge
17.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Ll.1.8, ff. 1-200v
First Lines:
Almyȝty god in trinite
In whom is only persones three…
Last Lines:
…to þe whyche blysse he vs alle brynge
þat on þe croys for vs wolde hynge
Attributed Author: secundum Ricardum Hampol qui obiit Ano domini Milessimo trecentesimo octogesimo quarto (f. 200v)
Attributed Title: Explicit quidam tractatus super pater noster secundum Ricardum Hampol qui obiit Ano domini Milessimo trecentesimo octogesimo quarto, Reynoldus cognomen scriptoris possidet omen Amen (f. 200v)
Editions:
Ullman, J. “Studien zu Richard Rolle de Hampole.” Englische Studien 7 (1884): 415-72: 468-72 (lines 1-370 only).
18.Source: Cambridge UK, Fitzwilliam Museum McClean 130, ff. 1-200v
First Lines:
…but lered & lewed olde & ȝonge
alle vnderstondes englys tonge…
Last Lines:
…To þe whiche blis he vs alle bring
þat on þe croice for vs wolde hing
Note: Begins imperfectly at line 77.
Attributed Title: Explicit tractatus de oracione dominica s. de pater noster In quo reprehenduntur multa vicia Et in quo continentur omnis virtutes que in hac vita de gentibus sunt necessarie Et Specialiter illiteratis docende ad dei honorem. Hic liber est scriptus qui scripsit sit benedictus (f. 200)
19.Source: Cambridge UK, Gonville & Caius College 160/81, pp. 1-412
First Lines:
Alllmyghty god in trynite
In wham anely are persones thre…
Last Lines:
…To whilke blisse he vs alle bryng
þat on croice for vs walde hyng
Attributed Title: Pater noster qui es in celis (heading, f. 1); Anno domini Millesimo cccmo lxxx iiijo Compilacio ista hoc modo Cantabrigie erat examinata dum a quodam sacerdote ad ligandum ibidem fuit posita a quibusdam scolaribus diligenter erat intuita atque perlecta et Cancellario vniversitatis eiusque consilio presentata…combusta fuisset (f. iiiv)
20.Source: Cambridge UK, Trinity College R.3.13 (593), ff. ira-ivb
First Lines:
[A]lmyghty god in trynyte
In wham anly er persones thre
ffader & sone & halygast
Þat [er] a god als we trowe mast…
Last Lines:
…Sutel to vnderstande is it
ffor men schulde mar sette þar wit…
Note: Lines 1-188 only.
21.Source: Cambridge UK, Trinity College R.3.13 (593), ff. 1ra-85vb
First Lines:
Almighty god in trinite
In wham anly er persones thre
ffadir & son & holigast
Þat er a god als we trow mast…
Last Lines:
…To whilk blisse he all vs bryng
Þat on croys for vs wold hyng
22.Source: Cambridge UK, Trinity College R.3.23 (603), ff. 1-179v
First Lines:
…in oure moder is holy kyrke
after wham vs be houeþ wyrke
ilkone schuld loue as suster & broþer
& non of vs schuld despysen oþer…
Last Lines:
…þre þinges namly & no les
techeþ vs to kepe sobernes…
Note: Begins imperfectly: lines 1-608 wanting; also lacunae in the text, and ends imperfectly.
Attributed Title: Exposicio oracionis Dominice (added by later hand, f. 1)
23.Source: London, British Library Addit. 8151, ff. 1-200v
First Lines:
Allemyȝtty gode in trynyte
In whome onely are persones þre…
Last Lines:
…To whylke blys he vs all brynge
þat one þe crosse for vs wolde hynge
24.Source: London, British Library Addit. 22283 [Simeon], ff. 33ra-61va
First Lines:
…ÞE fyrste is þou schalt not sle
Vche mon be war he do not so…
Last Lines:
…To whiche he vs alle bringe
Þat on þe cros fo vs wolde hynge
Note: Begins imperfectly due to loss of three folios.
Facsimiles:
Digital Facsimile of British Library MS Add. 22283 (‘Simeon’). 2014; http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts/FullDisplay.aspx?ref=Add_MS_22283.
25.Source: London, British Library Addit. 22558, ff. 1-212v
First Lines:
…Lord how vs aght to drede sare
Þat þai þat sum tyme paens ware…
Last Lines:
…ffor why drede of god when it will come
Es þe bigynnyng of wydome…
Note: Imperfect at beginning and end, and wants leaves in various places.
26.Source: London, British Library Addit. 33995, ff. 1ra-96rb
First Lines:
Almyghty godde in trynyte
In wham anely er persons thre…
Last Lines:
…To whilk blisse he vs alle brynge
Þat on þe croyce for vs wald hynge
Note: Two columns.
Editions:
Nelson, V. C., ed. “The Middle English Speculum Vitae: A Critical Edition of Part of the Text from 35 Manuscripts.” Diss. University of Sydney, 1974: (lines 3359-7322; base text for ed. crit.).
Hanna, Ralph, ed. Speculum Vitae A Reading Edition. 2 vols. EETS o.s.331, 332 (2013).
27.Source: London, British Library Cotton Tiberius E.VII, f. 1
Note: Begins imperfectly.
28.Source: London, British Library Harley 435, ff. 1ra-102ra
First Lines:
Almighty god in Trinite
In whom only ben persones thre…
Last Lines:
…To whiche blisse he vs alle bring
Þat on the cros for vs wold hyng
Note: Ends ‘Amen’ at end of last line, followed by prayer below that, written by scribe, ‘Sit tibi laus cristi quod liber explicit Iste’ (f. 102ra).
29.Source: London, British Library Harley 2260, f. 1
Note: Begins imperfectly: several leaves wanting at the beginning.
30.Source: London, British Library Harley 6718, ff. 16-33
First Lines:
ffor it es pryuelaged als we se
be reson of thynges thre…
Last Lines:
…To flessihely luf & werldly lykyn…
& to all man of wyck…
fforwhy þat es hys…
Wharof…
Note: Manuscript damage. Formerly 827.8; begins imperfectly due to lost folios; identified as portion of Speculum Vitae Raymo (1986), #2479.
31.Source: London, British Library Royal 17 C.VIII, f. 2
Editions:
Smeltz, J. W., ed. “Speculum Vitae: An Edition of British Museum MS Royal 17.C.viii.” Diss. Duquesne University, 1977.
32.Source: London, British Library Sloane 1785, ff. 30ra-60vb
First Lines:
…þan in hys lyknes is os I wene
for so grete beaute os is þer inne
no hert may thinke ne ymagynne
þer fore his children shulde þenk ay
als oft tyme os þei fader say…
Last Lines:
…And also office of vilany
þe cantere may be calde fole play
þat foles vsen & none but þei
oker þoron sleiȝt of okerers
Shewes it on many maners…
Note: Begins imperfectly: lines 1-265 wanting; and ends imperfectly; written by a different hand from Life of our Lady; originally two booklets.
Editions:
Wright, Thomas, and James Orchard Halliwell-Phillipps, eds. Reliquiae Antiquae. 2 vols. London: Smith, 1845: 2.38-9 (50 lines only).
33.Source: London, British Library Stowe 951, f. 32
34.Source: Aberystwyth, National Library of Wales Peniarth 395D, p. 1
35.Source: Edinburgh, University Library, Laing II.318
Note: Fragment: two folios, lines 10812-10878 and 11138-11205.
36.Source: Glasgow, Glasgow University Library Hunterian 89 (T.4.6), ff. 1-73v
First Lines:
…Oure ilke dai brede gif vs to day
Qwat may persone bettir craue…
Last Lines:
…And of þe same kynde as þu sees now
Of flesshe & blode of qwilke art þou…
Note: Begins and ends imperfectly due to loss of leaves/quires.
37.Source: Liverpool, Liverpool University Library F.4.9 [olim Harmsworth, olim Quaritch Sale Cat. 328, Item 577], f. 1
38.Source: Marlborough, Marlborough Vicarage Library William of Nassington, Speculum vitae
First Lines:
…þat wele begynnes & fayles in nede
þies sex vyces lettes amendment…
Last Lines:
…þat es thyng þat hym byhoues mysse
And giue for euer maugre hysse…
Note: Fragment: 83 lines.
Editions:
Fischer, Erna. “Ein nordenglisches moralisch-religiöses Versfragment aus dem 15 Jahrhundert.” Englische Studien 60 (1925-26): 252-61: 258-61.
Wordsworth, Christopher, ed. Horae Eboracenses. Surtees Society 132 (1920): 165-7.
39.Source: Nottingham, Nottingham University Library Middleton Lm 9 [olim Wollaton Hall], ff. 1-256
First Lines:
Almyghty god in trinite
In whom onely ben persones thre
ffader & sone & holy gost
þat ben on god as we trow most…
Last Lines:
…Kyndely for to knowe such as he is
Hit is an endeles lyf & a lastynge blisse
To whiche blisse he bringe vs alle oure lore god almyghty
Editions:
Historical Manuscripts Commission, Report on the Manuscripts of Lord Middleton, [formerly] preserved at Wollaton Hall, Nottinghamshire. (1911): [extract].
40.Source: Stafford, Staffordshire, Staffordshire Record Office, D(W) 1734/4/1/6-11
Note: covers of booklets 6, 7 and 8.
41.Source: Princeton, Princeton University Library Taylor Medieval 11 [olim Petre, olim Sotheby’s Sale, 10 March 1952, Lot 143, olim Quaritch Sale Cat. 704, Item 350, olim Laurence Witten], ff. 1ra-96vb
First Lines:
Almyghty god in trinite
In whom only is personys thre…
Last Lines:
…To whilk blis he vs all brynge
Þat on þe croice for vs walde hynge
Note: First page damaged by damp; mostly illegible.
42.Source: Dublin, Trinity College, Dublin 76, ff. i-iv
First Lines:
…þei shulde bycome boþe meke & mylde
& as deboner as a childe…
Last Lines:
…[Bu]tte oure hert to loue mare
On god hou so we here fare…
Note: Fragment.
43.Source: Dublin, Trinity College, Dublin 423, ff. 1ra-103
First Lines:
Almyghty god in trynyte
In Wham ben only personys þre…
Last Lines:
…To þe weche blys he vs alle bryng
Þat on þe cros for vs wold hyng
Note: Followed by 1964.
44.Source: Dublin, Trinity College, Dublin 423, f. 103
First Lines:
…But god that good may geue
Graunt ȝou grace vs here to leue…
Last Lines:
…To þe weche blys he vs all bringe
That one þe cros for vs wauld hynge
Note: Last six lines of text, copied again by a hand of the sixteenth century below the conclusion of full text, and misidentified as separate text by Robbins and Cutler (1965) and Ringler Jr. (1992), TM 287; formerly 553.5; followed by 1964.
45.Source: New Haven, Yale University, Beinecke Library, Takamiya Deposit 15 [Sotheby’s, 10 Dec. 1969, Lot 43; acquired by Takamiya in 1976], ff. 1ra-73ra
First Lines:
Alle mighty god in trinite
In whom oonly are persons thre
ffader & sone and holy gost
þat are oo god as we trowe most…
Last Lines:
…To þe whilk blysse he vs brynge
þat on þe crosse for vs wolde hynge
Note: Followed by ‘Amen Amen Pur Charite’.
Attributed Title: Hic incipit libellus de expositione orationis dominice secundum tractatum Ricardi heremite de hampole qui ad salutem animarum multa bona composuit (f. 1)
46.Source: New Haven, Yale University, Beinecke Library De regulis iuris, Dinus de Mugello, Lyons, 1562 [Beinecke 2008 2479]
First Lines:
…Þe fowrte b<r>aunche as men ma<y> proue
Is when a man will povert loue…
Last Lines:
…As he þat is neuermore wery
To bow…
Note: A manuscript extract in a printed book (Beinecke 2008 2479) corresponding to lines 4039-4046, and 4097-4111 in Hanna (2013). Occurs on back endpaper.
Editions:
Weiskott, Eric. “Another New Fragment of Speculum Vitae.” Journal of the Early Book Society 17 (2014): 352-55: 354.