SEARCH RECORDS
SEARCH MSS
PRINTED BOOKS
INSCRIPTIONS
BIBLIOGRAPHY
GLOSSARY
DIMEV HOME
The Digital Index of Middle English Verse
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
DIMEV 3995
IMEV 2516
NIMEV 2516
O mighty Mars that with thy stern light
Lydgate’s Troy Book — 30117 lines in couplets, a Prologue, Five Books, Epilogue and Address to Henry V (thirteen stanzas rhyme royal) and Envoy (‘Verba auctoris’, two 8-line stanzas)
Author(s): John Lydgate
Title(s): Troy Book
Subjects: romances; envoys; Troy, legends of; two-line; envoys
Versification: — seven-line, eight-line — ababbcc, aa



Manuscript Witnesses:
1.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Digby 230 (SC 1831), ff. 28ra-194vb
First Lines:
The sothfast pith to Impe it in oure þought
Of thinges passed forderked of here hewe…
Last Lines:
…But humbely with drawe & goo abak
Requeringe hem al þat is mys to amende
Note: Begins in Prologue.
Attributed Title: Here endith the Sege of Thebes And begyneth the Sege of Troye (f. 27vb)
2.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Digby 232 (SC 1833), ff. 1-157v
First Lines:
O myghti Mars that with þi sterne light
In armys hast the power & þe myght…
Last Lines:
…But humblely withdrawe & go a bak
Requeryng hem al þat is mys to amende
Note: 27,498 lines.
3.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Rawlinson C.446 (SC 12297), ff. 1ra-174vb
First Lines:
O Miȝty mars þat wiþ þi sterne liȝt
In armys hast þe power & þe myȝt…
Last Lines:
…But humblely with drawe & go a bak
requeryng hem al þat is mys to amende
Note: 28,870 lines.
4.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Rawlinson D.913 (SC 13679), ff. 3-3v; 2-2v
First Lines:
Thy kinghly hert thy Manly excellence
Reported been and þin high Renoun…
Last Lines:
…Her own son wer stellified
In þe Heven and þer deified
Note: Fragment: Book I, lines 460-537, 623-702; originally part of Oxford, Bodleian Library Rawlinson poet. 223 (SC 14714), ff. i-x and Geneva, Bibl. Bodmer, Geneva 110 [olim Harmsworth; Sotheby’s Sale, Oct. 1945, lot 1963], fragment on f. 3-3v ends, ‘…ffamous Argus þat couth most of all / To make a ship and first þat art found’; fragment on 2-2v begins, ‘The tyme of yere whan þe sheen son / In his spere was so fer vpron…’.
5.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Rawlinson poet. 144 (SC 14638), ff. 1-404v
First Lines:
Myghty Mars with thy sterne lyghte
In Armes hast þe power & the myghte…
Last Lines:
…Vnto all that shall this story see
With benigne hert and humylite
6.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Rawlinson poet. 223 (SC 14714), ff. i-xv
First Lines:
To rede Bookes of thantiquitie
To fyn oonly vertue forto sue …
Last Lines:
…þus deme I fully in myn oppynioun
ffor of þyn age thy wytt þi providence
Note: Fragment: Prologue from line 80; Book I, lines 1-459; originally part of Oxford, Bodleian Library Rawlinson D.913 (SC 13679), ff. 2-3v and Geneva, Bibl. Bodmer, Geneva 110 [olim Harmsworth; Sotheby’s Sale, Oct. 1945, lot 1963]. When the MS was rebound ca. 1985, the Lydgate fragment was separated and bound separately, housed in the same conservation box as Oxford, Bodleian Library Rawlinson poet. 223 (SC 14714).
7.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Douce 148 (SC 21722), ff. 1-289v; 301-336
First Lines:
IN þe regne and lond of Thessaly
The quhilk is now ynamed Salony…
Last Lines:
…This litill buke lawly I betake
It to support and þus ane end I make
Attributed Title: Her begynnes þe troy buke Translatit by monke of Bery (f. 1); Here endis þe sege of Troye written & mendit at the Instance of ane honorable chaplane sir Thomas Ewyn of Edinburgh (at the end)
8.Source: Oxford, Christ Church 153, ff. 1-107v
First Lines:
[ ] mote be kepte chaste & wondre [ ]
and of colour surmounteth euery grene…
Last Lines:
…And shapeth ȝou no lenger to lyen here
but whyte the weder is so feire and cleree
Note: At present the text does not have a title; however a title is recorded in Kitchin (1867): ‘Digested in Latin by Guydo de Columpnis, and sythes translated into Englyshe verse by J. Lydgate, Monke of Bury’. The manuscript was rebound after the catalogue was made. Fragment; portions of Bks. 1 and 2.
9.Source: Oxford, Exeter College 129, ff. 1-139v
First Lines:
O Mighti Mars þatþþat with þi sterne liȝt [sic]
In armes hast þe power and þe miȝt…
Last Lines:
…þis rude book lowly I be take
It to support & þus an ende I make
Note: 27,000 lines.
Attributed Author: Dan John Lidgate Monke of Buri (f. 139v)
Attributed Title: And thus her endith the book of the sette of Troie translatid by Dan Iohn Lidgate Monke of Buri out of Latine in to Englissh (f. 139v)
10.Source: Oxford, St John’s College 6, ff. 1-134
First Lines:
O myghty Mars that with thy stirrne light
In armes hast the powwer and the myght…
Last Lines:
…Bote humbely with drawe and goo a bak
Requerynge hem alle þat is mys to amende
Note: 29,800 lines.
Attributed Author: Quod lidgate Monke of þe Burye (f. 133v)
Attributed Title: Here bygynneþ þe prolog of the seege of Troye in englischs translated after the latyn compiled by Gwydo de Columpnis not word by word bote after the substaunce of the lettre with certeyn addiciouns of the translatour vnder correccioun of euery prudent reder The furste chapitre declareth al the manere of the conquest of the goldene flees by the manly prowesse of Iason acheuid by the prudent counseyl of Medea kynges doghter of Colcos (f. 1); Thus endeth þe fyfþe booke Of þe seege of troye vnder þe correccioun of euery prudent Reeder Quod lidgate Monke of þe Burye (f. 133v; Followed by ‘lenuoye’ and Verba translatoris ad librum suum)
11.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Kk.5.30, ff. 19-304v; 308-323v
First Lines:
…Be cause of certane Interleueracions
Of dyuerse cercles & reuolucions…
Last Lines:
…Thus as they hye brayes he sought
he fond a fayre pleyn wher he thought
12.Source: Cambridge UK, Trinity College O.5.2 (1283), ff. 38ra-190vb
First Lines:
O Mighty mars that with thy sterne light
In armys hast þe power and the myght
And named art from est to occident
The myghty lord the god army…
Last Lines:
…But humibly with drawe and goo abak
Requering hem all that is amis to amend
Note: 29,300 lines.
13.Source: London, British Library Arundel 99, ff. 1-159v
First Lines:
O mighty mars þat with thy sterne lyght
In Armes hast the poweer & þe myght
And namyd art from Est tyl Occident
The myghty lord the god Armypotent…
Last Lines:
…Sothly quod she thyn affeccioun
wolde fuly turne to confusyoun
Note: 29,221 lines.
14.Source: London, British Library Cotton Augustus A.IV, ff. 1ra-154ra
First Lines:
O Myghty Mars that wyth thy sterne syght
In armys hast the power & þe myȝt…
Last Lines:
…But humblely with drawe & go a bak
Requerynge hem al þat is mys to amende
Note: 30,111 lines. Coat of arms of Sir Thomas Chaworth, apparently part of original decoration, drawn inside first line initial ‘O’ (f. 1ra).
Editions:
Bergen, Henry, ed. Lydgate’s Troy Book. 4 vols. EETS e.s. 97 (1906); 103 (1908); 106 (1910); 126 (1935); repr. 1973.
15.Source: London, British Library Royal 18 D.II, ff. 6ra-146rb
First Lines:
O Mighty Mars that with thy sterne lyght
In armes hast the powere and the myght…
Last Lines:
…But humbly withdrawe and go abak
Requyrenge hem al that ys mys amende Amen
Note: 28,500 lines.
Facsimiles:
Digital Facsimile of British Library MS Royal 18 D II. 2015; http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts/FullDisplay.aspx?ref=Royal_MS_18_D_II.
16.Source: London, British Library Royal 18 D.VI, ff. 4ra-139va
First Lines:
O miȝty Mars þat with þi sterne liȝt
In armes hast þe power & þe miȝt…
Last Lines:
…This rude book louly I betake
It to support and thus an ende I make
Note: 28,000 lines; with colophon as noted in title.
Attributed Author: translated by John Lydgate the monk of Bury (f. 139v)
Attributed Title: Here endeth the book of the Sege of Troye translated by John Lydgate the monk of Bury out of Latyn in to Englissh at the instaunce of the most excellent & renomyd Prince king Henry þe fifte The yere of the Incarnacioun of oure lord a Ml CCCC and xxti And of the reigne of the said king Henry the v the viij yere (f. 139va)
17.Source: Bristol, Avon County Library MS 10, f. 1
Note: 24,954 lines.
18.Source: Gloucester, Gloucester Cathedral Library 5, ff. 1-373v
First Lines:
…My dulle brest that with thin hony swete
Sugrest toungis of Retorishiens…
Last Lines:
…to be regestred worthy as of name
In the hyhest place of þe house of fame…
Note: 26,426 lines when complete; this MS begins imperfectly at line 56 of the Prologue, ends imperfectly in the Envoy (complete lines to line 14, and fragments of lines thereafter, beg. ‘Onely…’ as last line of a stanza, ending ‘…I sey’ as last line of a stanza on 373v), and c. 53 leaves missing at various points between.
Attributed Author: Quod lydgate Monke of Byrye (f. 372v)
Attributed Title: Thus endeth the fyfthe boke of the Sege of Troye vndre the correccioun of euery prudent Reder Quod lydgate Monke of Byrye (f. 372v)
19.Source: London, Inner Temple Petyt 524, flyleaf [i]ra-[i]vb
First Lines:
…[co?]mpile and after guyde make
[?]can and after for his sake…
Last Lines:
…In euerye partie thy terrage is the same
like his fader of [?sou]erand of name…
Note: Lines 109-50, 160-200 (recto) and 10-50, 59-100 (verso) of the Prologue.
20.Source: Manchester, John Rylands Library Eng. 1 [olim Osterley Park], ff. 1-172v
First Lines:
O Mighty mars that with thi sterne light
In armes hast the power and the myght
And named art from eest til occident
The myghti lord the god omnipotent…
Last Lines:
…But humbely withdrawe and goo a bak
Requering hem alle þat is mys to amende
Note: Immediately followed by 2742
Attributed Author: daun Iohn Lydgate Monke of Bery (f. 1); Quod lidgate Monke of Burye (f. 172).
Attributed Title: Here begynneth the boke of the sege of Troye compiled by daun Iohn Lydgate Monke of Bery atte excitacioun and steryng of the moost noble worthi and myghty Prynce kyng Henry the fyfthe ffirste rehersyng the conquest of the golden flees acheued by the manly prowesse of Iason vnder te correccioun of euery prudent reder (f. 1); Thus endith the fifthe boke of the sege of Troye vnder the correccioun of euery prudent reder Quod lidgate Monke of Burye (f. 172)
21.Source: New York, Pierpont Morgan Library M876 [olim Helmingham Hall], ff. 1ra-102ra
First Lines:
…Of the explete and of the goode spede
Of this Jason that he the fles hath won
But lich in sothe as thes feyners kon…
Last Lines:
…This litle boke louly I betake
yt to support and thus an end I make
Note: Begins imperfectly in Book I; followed by envoy, ‘Most worthie Prince of knighthod sours & well / Whos hie Renoun thurgh the World dooth shine…’ (12 stanzas rhyme royal).
22.Source: Geneva, Bibl. Bodmer, Geneva 110 [olim Harmsworth; Sotheby’s Sale, Oct. 1945, lot 1963], f. 1
Note: 28,090 lines; imperfect at beginning: originally included Oxford, Bodleian Library Rawlinson poet. 223 (SC 14714), ff. i-x and Oxford, Bodleian Library Rawlinson D.913 (SC 13679), ff. 2-3v.
23.Source: Cambridge MA, Harvard University, Houghton Library, Eng. 752 [olim *27282. 67.10; priorAshburnham 131], ff. 1-365v
First Lines:
…Doun ffrom hevyn ffor all his deyite
He was ravyshede thorough her bewte…
Last Lines:
…Born in the see Amonge the flodys kage
That was also ffor to rekne hys age…
Note: 28,000 lines; imperfect at beginning and end; end followed by catchwords, ‘ffyve and twenty yere’.
Facsimiles:
Lydgate, John. Troy book : manuscript, [14--]. MS Eng 752. Houghton Library, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. [digital facsimile of Harvard, Houghton Library MS Eng 752 (http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:FHCL.HOUGH:1192991)].



Print Witnesses:
1.Source: STC 5579. The historie, sege and dystrucyon of Troye, R. Pynson, 1513
2.Source: STC 5580. The auncient historie and onely trewe cronicle of the warres betwixte the Grecians and the Troyans, digested in Latyn by Guydo de Columpnis and tr. in to englyshe verse by J. Lydgate. Newly imprinted, R. Braham, 1555