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DIMEV 3742
IMEV 2320
NIMEV 2320
Now goeth the sun under wood / Me rueth Mary thy fair rood
An English quatrain (aabb) occurring in Archb. Edmund Riche’s Speculum Ecclesie
Author(s): Edmund Rich Archibishop of Canterbury
Title(s): Speculum Ecclesie
Subjects: sermons, verse in; Virgin Mary, compassion of
Versification: — four-line — aabb
Bibliographic Ghosts: Cambridge UK, Trinity College O.1.17 (1041): Rich’s Speculum Ecclesie (ff. 277-288v) ends incomplete in this MS.



Manuscript Witnesses:
1.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Ashmole 751 (SC 8193), f. 74v
Transcription:
Now gos þe sonne vnder þe wode
me rewes mary þi faire rode
Now gos þe sonne vnder þe tre
Me rewes mary þi sunne & þe
Note: Latin text of Speculum; written as prose.
2.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Bodley 54 (SC 1975), f. 20
Transcription:
Now goþ þe sonne vnder þe wode
Me reweþ leuedy þy faire rode
Now goþ þe sonne vnder þe tree
Me reweth marie þy sone and þee
Note: Latin text of Speculum.
Editions:
Brown, Carleton Fairchild. A Register of Middle English Religious & Didactic Verse. 2 vols. London: Oxford University Press for the Bibliographical Society: 1916-20: 1.93.
3.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Bodley 110 (SC 1963), f. 52v
Transcription:
Now goþe þe sone vnder wode
me ruwet marie þi fayre rode
Now goþe þe sone vnder þe tre
me rewet þy sone & þe
Note: Latin text of Speculum; written as prose.
Editions:
Brown, Carleton Fairchild. A Register of Middle English Religious & Didactic Verse. 2 vols. London: Oxford University Press for the Bibliographical Society: 1916-20: 1.23.
4.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Bodley 416 (SC 2315), f. 136v
Transcription:
Now goþ sumer under wode
me rueþ marie þy faire rode
now goþ sumer undur tre
me rueþ marie þi sone & þe
Note: English text of Speculum; written as prose.
5.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Digby 20 (SC 1621), f. 155
Transcription:
Nou goth sonne under wod
me rweth marie þi faire Rode
Nou goþ sonne under tre
me reweþ marie þi sone and þe
Note: Old French text of Speculum.
Editions:
Brown, Carleton Fairchild, ed. English Lyrics of the XIIIth Century. Oxford: Clarendon, 1932: 1.
Wells, John Edwin. Manual of the Writings in Middle English, 1050-1400. New Haven, CT: Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1916: 988.
Brown, Carleton Fairchild. A Register of Middle English Religious & Didactic Verse. 2 vols. London: Oxford University Press for the Bibliographical Society: 1916-20: 1.17.
Robbins, Harry Walcott. Saint Edmund’s ‘Merure de Seinte Eglise’. Lewisburg, PA: University Print Shop, 1924: 63.
Onions, C. Talbut. “Two Notes on Middle English Texts: The Owl and the Nightingale, ll. 1091-2; ‘Now springs the spray’.” Medium Ævum 17 (1948): 32-3: 33.
Mossé, Fernand. A Handbook of Middle English. Tr. James A. Walker. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins, 1952: 202.
Woolf, Rosemary. The English Religious Lyric in the Middle Ages. Oxford: Clarendon, 1968: 242.
Silverstein, Theodore, ed. Medieval English Lyrics. York Medieval Texts. London: Edw. Arnold, 1971: 15.
6.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Douce 52 (SC 21599), f. 55v
Transcription:
Now gooþ þe sunne vndir þe wode
Me rewiþ marie þi faire rode
Now gooþ þe sunne vndir þe tre
Me rewiþ marie þi sone & þee
Note: English text of Speculum.
Editions:
Brown, Carleton Fairchild. A Register of Middle English Religious & Didactic Verse. 2 vols. London: Oxford University Press for the Bibliographical Society: 1916-20: 1.118.
7.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Douce 210 (SC 21784), f. 44rb
Transcription:
Nou goth sunme vnder wode
me ruez Marie þi faire rude
Nou goth sunme vnder tre
me rued Marie þi sune and the
Note: Old French text of Speculum; written as prose.
8.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Eng. poet. a.1 (SC 3938) [Vernon MS], f. 359ra
Transcription:
Nou goþ þe sonne bi þe wode
me reweþ Marie þi feire rode
Nou goþ þe sonne vnder tre
Me reweþ Marie þi sone and þe
Nou þu hast Mayden feled
þe schar þe poynt of þat swered
Þat þe prophete Symeon
made to þe mencioun
þe day of purificacion
Note: English text of Speculum; written as prose; expanded version of three couplets and a triplet.
Facsimiles:
Doyle, I. A., ed. The Vernon Manuscript. A Facsimile of Bodleian Library, Oxford, MS Eng. poet.a.1, with an introduction by A. I. Doyle. Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 1987.
Scase, Wendy, and Nick Kennedy, eds. A facsimile edition of the Vernon manuscript: Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS. Eng. Poet. A. 1. Oxford: The Bodleian Library, 2011.
Editions:
Horstmann, Carl, ed. Yorkshire Writers. 2 vols. London, Sonnenschein; New York: Macmillan, 1895-96: 1.257.
9.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Laud misc. 111 (SC 1550), f. 46
Transcription:
Now goth þe sonne vnder þe tre
Me reweþ mary þy sone & þe
Note: Latin text of Speculum; last two lines only.
10.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Laud misc. 722 (SC 1174), f. 203
Transcription:
Nouh goȝ þe sonne vnder þe wode
me reweȝ lauede þi fayre rode
Nowh goȝ þe sonne vnder þe tree
me reweȝ lauedi nowh of þ[e]
Note: Latin text of Speculum; written as prose.
Editions:
Brown, Carleton Fairchild. A Register of Middle English Religious & Didactic Verse. 2 vols. London: Oxford University Press for the Bibliographical Society: 1916-20: 1.11.
11.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library e Musaeo 232 (SC 3657), f. 53v
Transcription:
Nowe goth þe son vndre wodde
me reweth mary þy faire rodde
Now goth þe son vndyr tre
me reweth mary þy son & te
Note: English text of Speculum; written as prose.
Editions:
Brown, Carleton Fairchild. A Register of Middle English Religious & Didactic Verse. 2 vols. London: Oxford University Press for the Bibliographical Society: 1916-20: 1.40.
12.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Rawlinson C.72 (SC 11937), f. 134
Transcription:
Now gase þe son vnder wodd
Me rewes mary þi fair rode
Now gase þe son vnder tre
me rewes mary þi son & þe
Note: Latin text of Speculum.
Editions:
Macray, William D. Catalogi Codicum Manuscriptorum Bibliothecae Bodleianae…Pars V, Ricardi Rawlinson Codicum classes [A-D]…complectens. 5 vols. Oxford: Clarendon, 1862-1900: Part II. 23.
13.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Rawlinson poet. 241 (SC 14732), p. 184
Transcription:
Nou goth sonne vnder wode
me rewez Marie þi faire rode
Nou goth sonne vnder tre
me rewez þi sone and ike þe
Note: Old French text of Speculum; written as prose.
14.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Selden Supra 23 (SC 3411), f. 2v
Transcription:
Nou goth ȝe sone vnder wode
Me rueȝ Marie þi feyre rode
Nou goth ȝe sonne vnder tree
Me rueȝ Marie ȝi sone and ȝe
Note: Old French text of Speculum.
Editions:
Brown, Carleton Fairchild, ed. English Lyrics of the XIIIth Century. Oxford: Clarendon, 1932: 166.
Wilson, Richard Middlewood. Early Middle English Literature. London: Methuen, 1939, 1951: 266.
Cutler, John L. “Nou goth Sonne under wod.” Explicator 4.1 (1945-46): no. 7: 7.
Kaiser, Rolf, ed. Alt- und mittelenglische Anthologie. Berlin-Charlottenburg: E. Schütt, 1954: 178.
Kaiser, Rolf, ed. Alt- und mittelenglische Anthologie. Berlin, 1954; 3rd ed.; trans. as Medieval English: a Old English and Middle English Anthology Berlin West, 1958: 214.
15.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Selden Supra 74 (SC 3462), f. 55vb
Transcription:
Nou goth sonne vnder wod
me reweth marie þi faire Rode
Nou goþ sonne vnder tre
me reweþ marie þi sone and þe
Note: Old French text of Speculum; written as prose.
Editions:
Brown, Carleton Fairchild. A Register of Middle English Religious & Didactic Verse. 2 vols. London: Oxford University Press for the Bibliographical Society: 1916-20: 1.45.
Bad Key: Whiting1934: 221.
Davies, Reginald Thorne. Medieval English Lyrics: a critical anthology. London, 1963; Evanston, IL: Northwestern UP, 1964: 54.
Stevick, Robert D., ed. One Hundred Middle English Lyrics. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1964: 5.
Bennett, Jack Arthur Walter, and G. V. Smithers, eds. Early Middle English Verse and Prose. Oxford: Clarendon, 1966: 129.
Oliver, Raymond. Poems Without Names: The English Lyric 1200-1500. Berkeley, CA: University of California, 1970: 61n.
Sisam, Celia, and Kenneth Sisam, eds. The Oxford Book of Medieval English Verse. Oxford: Clarendon, 1970: 551.
Luria, Maxwell Sidney, and Richard L. Hoffman, eds. Middle English Lyrics. New York: Norton, 1974: 179.
Saupe, Karen, ed. Middle English Marian Lyrics. Kalamazoo, MI: Western Michigan University for TEAMS, 1998: 91; 220-1.
16.Source: Oxford, Corpus Christi College 36, f. 42vb
Transcription:
Nou goþ sunne under wode
me reweȝ marie þi vaire rude
Nu goþ sunne under treo
me reweȝ marie þi sune ant te
Note: Old French text of Speculum.
Editions:
Brown, Carleton Fairchild. A Register of Middle English Religious & Didactic Verse. 2 vols. London: Oxford University Press for the Bibliographical Society: 1916-20: 1.139.
17.Source: Oxford, Magdalen College Lat. 72, f. 139
Transcription:
Now goeth the sonne vnder the wode
Me reweth Mary thy faire rode
Nowe goeth the vnder the tre
Me reweth marye thy sonne and the
Note: Latin text of Speculum; written as prose.
Editions:
Brown, Carleton Fairchild. A Register of Middle English Religious & Didactic Verse. 2 vols. London: Oxford University Press for the Bibliographical Society: 1916-20: 1.146.
18.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Ff.5.36, f. 257v
Transcription:
Now goth þe sonne vndur wode
me reweth mary þi faire rode
Now goth þe sonne vndur þe tree
me reweth mary þi sonne and þe
Note: Latin text of Speculum.
Editions:
Brown, Carleton Fairchild. A Register of Middle English Religious & Didactic Verse. 2 vols. London: Oxford University Press for the Bibliographical Society: 1916-20: 1.181.
19.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Ii.6.40, f. 218v
Transcription:
Now goþ þe soun vnder wode
Marie me rewiþ þi faire rode
no goþ þe sone vnder þe tre
Mari me rewiþ þi sonne so fre
Note: English text of Speculum.
Editions:
Robbins, Harry Wolcott. “An English Version of St. Edmund’s Speculum, Ascribed to Richard Rolle.” PMLA 40 (1925): 240-51: 250.
20.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Mm.6.17, f. 29v
Transcription:
Now goth þe sonne vnder þe tre
Me reweth marye thy sonne & þe
Note: English text of Speculum; these two lines only.
21.Source: Cambridge UK, Emmanuel College I.4.31 (106), ff. 97v-98
Transcription:
Nou goth þe sounne under wode
Me riweth marie þi fae rode
Nou goth sonne under tre
me riweth marie þi soe and þe
Note: Old French text of Speculum.
Editions:
Mustanoja, Tauno F. How the Good Wife Taught her Daughter, etc. Helsinki: Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Scuran, 1948: 93.
22.Source: Cambridge UK, Pembroke College 258, f. 129
Transcription:
Nou goht sunne wnder wode
& me rewez marie þi bricte rude
Nou goz sunne vnder tre
& me rewez marie þi sone ant þe
Note: Old French text of Speculum.
23.Source: Cambridge UK, St John’s College E.24 (127), f. 40
Transcription:
Now goþ þe sonne undre þe wod
Me rewyd mari þy rode
Now goþ þe sonne vndur þe tree
Me rewit mary þy son & þe
Note: Latin text of Speculum.
24.Source: Cambridge UK, St John’s College G.11 (179), f. 90v
Transcription:
Now goþ þe sonne vnder þe woode
me rewwyt lady þy fayr roode
Now goþ þe sunne vndyr þe tree
me rewwyt Mary þy sone & þe
Note: Latin text of Speculum.
Attributed Title: Incipit Speculum sancti Eadmundi (f. 77); Explicit Speculum Sancti Eadmundi (f. 94v)
25.Source: London, British Library Addit. 10053, f. 23
Transcription:
Now goþe somar vndir wode
me rewyþ marye þe feyre fode
Now goþe somar undir þe tre
me rewyþ marye þy sono & þee
Note: English text of Speculum. Written as prose; ‘fode’ appears to be a miscopying for ‘rode’ and ‘sono’ for ‘sone’.
Editions:
Brown, Carleton Fairchild. A Register of Middle English Religious & Didactic Verse. 2 vols. London: Oxford University Press for the Bibliographical Society: 1916-20: 1.387.
26.Source: London, British Library Addit. 16170, f. 22v-23
Transcription:
Now goþe þe sune vndar þe wode
me rewyþ mary þe fayr rode
Now goþ þe sunne vndre þe tre
me rewyth mary þi sone & þe
Note: Latin text of Speculum. Written as prose.
Editions:
Brown, Carleton Fairchild. A Register of Middle English Religious & Didactic Verse. 2 vols. London: Oxford University Press for the Bibliographical Society: 1916-20: 1.394.
27.Source: London, British Library Addit. 22283 [Simeon]
Note: English text of Speculum.
Facsimiles:
Digital Facsimile of British Library MS Add. 22283 (‘Simeon’). 2014; http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts/FullDisplay.aspx?ref=Add_MS_22283.
28.Source: London, British Library Addit. 33957, f. 41
Transcription:
now goþ þe son vndyr þe wode
me rewþ lady þi fare rude
now goþ þe son vndyr þe tre
me reweþ lady mary þi son & þe
Note: Latin text of Speculum. Written as prose.
Editions:
Brown, Carleton Fairchild. A Register of Middle English Religious & Didactic Verse. 2 vols. London: Oxford University Press for the Bibliographical Society: 1916-20: 1.410.
29.Source: London, British Library Arundel 288, f. 118v
Transcription:
Nou goþ sunne under wode
me reweþ þy faire rode
Nou goþ sunne under tre
me reweþ marie sone and the
Note: Old French text of Speculum. Written as prose.
30.Source: London, British Library Harley 1121, f. 153
Note: Old French text of Speculum.
Editions:
Brown, Carleton Fairchild. A Register of Middle English Religious & Didactic Verse. 2 vols. London: Oxford University Press for the Bibliographical Society: 1916-20: 1.310.
31.Source: London, British Library Harley 2398, f. 66
Note: English text of Speculum.
32.Source: London, British Library Royal 5 A.VI, f. 49
Note: Latin text of Speculum.
33.Source: London, British Library Royal 12 C.XII, f. 27
Transcription:
Nu goþ sunne under wode
me reweþ marie þi feire rode
nu goþ sunne under tre
me reweþ marie þi sunne ant þe
Note: Old French text of Speculum. Written as prose.
Editions:
Brown, Carleton Fairchild. A Register of Middle English Religious & Didactic Verse. 2 vols. London: Oxford University Press for the Bibliographical Society: 1916-20: 1.363.
34.Source: London, British Library Sloane 2275, f. 189v
Note: Latin text of Speculum.
Editions:
Brown, Carleton Fairchild. A Register of Middle English Religious & Didactic Verse. 2 vols. London: Oxford University Press for the Bibliographical Society: 1916-20: 1.376.
35.Source: Durham, Durham University Library Cosin V.v.15, f. 39
Transcription:
Nu gos þe sonne vndre wode
me reuet marie þi faire roude
Nu goht sonne vndre tre
me reueht marie þi son and te
Note: Old French text of Speculum.
Editions:
Brown, Carleton Fairchild. A Register of Middle English Religious & Didactic Verse. 2 vols. London: Oxford University Press for the Bibliographical Society: 1916-20: 1.446.
36.Source: London, Lambeth Palace Library 522, ff. 56-56v
Transcription:
Nou goþ þe sonne under wode
me reweþ marie þi faire rode
Nou goþ sonne under tre
me reweþ marie þi sone and te
Note: In the Old French text of Speculum. Written in prose.
Editions:
Brown, Carleton Fairchild. A Register of Middle English Religious & Didactic Verse. 2 vols. London: Oxford University Press for the Bibliographical Society: 1916-20: 1.446.
37.Source: Longleat, Marquess of Bath MS 32, ff. 37-37v
First Lines:
Now goiþe sunne vndur wode
me rewiþ marie þi faier rode
& now goiþe sunne vndur tre
me rewiþ marie þi sone so free
Note: English text of Speculum.
38.Source: York, York Minster Library XVI.K.16, f. 137
Transcription:
Now geþ þi sonne vnder þe tre
Me rewys mary þi son & þe
Note: Latin text of Speculum; last two lines only.
Editions:
Brown, Carleton Fairchild. A Register of Middle English Religious & Didactic Verse. 2 vols. London: Oxford University Press for the Bibliographical Society: 1916-20: 1.452.
39.Source: Aberystwyth, National Library of Wales Peniarth 395D, p. 344
Note: English text of Speculum.
40.Source: Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale fr. 13342, f. 41
Note: Old French text of Speculum.
41.Source: New Haven, Yale University, Beinecke Library 492 [olim Brooke (sold Sotheby’s 1921); Harmsworth (sold Sotheby’s 1945); George Smith of Marlborough (sold Sotheby’s Feb. 2, 1960, Lot 317); Bodmer], Art. 2
Note: Old French text of Speculum.