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The Digital Index of Middle English Verse
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DIMEV 3588
IMEV 2233
NIMEV 2233
My dear child first thy self enable / With all thine heart…
Stans Puer ad Mensam, ascribed to Lydgate — fourteen stanzas rhyme royal, with Envoy
Note: Cf. Brentano (1935), 2.48-9; Ringler Jr. (1988), TP 118; for an expanded version see 2828: for a version wholly distinct from Lydgate’s see 2532.
Author(s): John Lydgate
Title(s): Stans Puer ad Mensam
Subjects: manners, treatises on; children, instructions for behavior of; instructions, father to son; envoys
Versification: — seven-line — ababbcc



Manuscript Witnesses:
1.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Laud misc. 683 (SC 798), ff. 62v-65
First Lines:
My dere sone first þi selff en able
with al thyn herte to vertuous disciplyne…
Last Lines:
…yif ouht be mys in woord sillable or dede
put al diffaute vp on Iohn Lydgate
Attributed Title: HEre [gynneth] Stans puer ad mensam (f. 62v)
Editions:
MacCracken, Henry Noble, ed. John Lydgate: The Minor Poems, Vol. II: Secular Poems. EETS o.s. 192 (1934); repr. 1961: 739-44.
2.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Bodley 48 (SC 1885), ff. 331-332v
First Lines:
My dere sone firste thi selue enable
With al thie hert to vertuose discipline…
Last Lines:
…If oght be a mys in word silable or dede
Putt al defaut opon Iohn Lydegate
Attributed Title: HEre [gynneth] Stans puer ad mensam (f. 62v)
Editions:
MacCracken, Henry Noble, ed. John Lydgate: The Minor Poems, Vol. II: Secular Poems. EETS o.s. 192 (1934); repr. 1961: 739-44.
3.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Bodley 686 (SC 2527), ff. 186-187v
First Lines:
My dere sonne first þi selfe enhable
With þyn hert to vertuous disciplyne…
Last Lines:
…If ought be amys in worde sillable or dede
Put al þe defaute vpon Iohn lidgate
Attributed Title: Here begynneth the godely tretis of þe Norture atte þe table compiled in Balade be Dan Iohn Lydegate. Monke of Bury (f. 186)
4.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Ashmole 59 (SC 6943), ff. 98-99v
First Lines:
My dere chylde first þi self enable
With al þyne herte to vertuous desciplyne
A fore thy souereyn stonding at þe table
Disp[s]ose þy youþe affter my doctryne…
Last Lines:
…If ought be amisse in worde sillabul or dyte
Put al defaute vpon Iohn Lydegate
Note: At the end on f. 99v: ‘Explicit’.
Attributed Title: And here nowe foloweþe ne[x]st a doctryne of Curteyse cleped in Latyne . Stans puer ad mensam domini . translated in to Englisshe in balade wyse by Lidegate þe religious of Bury (f. 89)
5.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Rawlinson C.48 (SC 11914), ff. 130-131v
First Lines:
my deer child first thisilf enable
withe al thin herte to vertuous disciplyne…
Last Lines:
…Yiff ouht be mysse in woord sillable or deede
But all defaute vpon Iohn Lidgate
Attributed Title: Stans puer ad mensam (f. 130)
6.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Rawlinson C.86 (SC 11951), ff. 86v-88
First Lines:
My dere chyld first þy selffe enable
With al thyn hert to vertuous discipline…
Last Lines:
…Yf owght be mysse in worde sillable or dede
Put awey all defavte vpon Iohn lydgate
7.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Rawlinson poet. 32 (SC 14526), ff. 30-31v
First Lines:
MI dere child first thi sylue enabill
With alle hyn hert to vertuous disciplyne…
Last Lines:
…Yf ougth be amys in word sillable or dede
Put al defaute apon Iohn Lidgate
8.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Rawlinson D.328 (SC 15444), ff. 159-160v
First Lines:
my chyld fyrste thy sylfe abyll
And dyspose the to vertuse dysciplyne…
Last Lines:
…And al them that wyll do after thys techyng
God bryng hym to that blys that ys euerlestyng
Note: Thirteen stanzas.
9.Source: Oxford, Balliol College 354, pp. 338-339
First Lines:
My dere chyld fyrst thy self Inabel
With all thyne hart to vertuvs disciplyne…
Last Lines:
…Off thy wrytyng Thowgh þer bede not date
Yff owght be amys put þe fawte in Lydgate
Explicit
Note: Transcript of Lydgate, John, Stans puer ad mensam, [Westminster: Printed by William Caxton, 1476?] .
Attributed Title: Stans puer ad mensam (p. 338)
Facsimiles:
Early Manuscripts at Oxford University: Facsimile of Oxford, Balliol MS 354. (http://image.ox.ac.uk/show?collection=balliol&manuscript=ms354).
10.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Ff.4.9, ff. 86-87v
First Lines:
My dere sonne ffirst thy selffe enable
With all thyn hert to vertuous dissiplyne…
Last Lines:
…Iff aught be amys in worde selable or dede
Put all defawte vppon John lydgate
Note: With Latin instructions, beginning, ‘Stans puer ad mensam dum bona dogmata discas’ (f. 86).
11.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Hh.4.12, ff. 30v-32v
First Lines:
My deere son fyrst thy self enable
With all thyn hert to vertuose discipline…
Last Lines:
…Yf awght be amisse in word sillable or dede
put all defaute vpon John lidgate
Note: Fourteen stanzas rhyme royal, with Envoy (3085-1). With Latin instructions, beginning, ‘Stans puer ad mensam dum bona dogmata discas’ (f. 30v).
12.Source: Cambridge UK, Jesus College Q.G.8 (56), ff. 77-78v
First Lines:
[M]y dere childe first þi self enable
With all þin herte do uertuous disciplyne…
Last Lines:
…If ought be mysse in worde sillable or dede
Put all defaute vpon John Lidgate
Attributed Title: Stans Puer ad mensam (f. 77)
Editions:
Wright, Thomas, and James Orchard Halliwell-Phillipps, eds. Reliquiae Antiquae. 2 vols. London: Smith, 1845: 1.156-8.
Hazlitt, William Carew. Remains of the Early Popular Poetry of England. London: J. R. Smith, 1864-6: 24-8.
13.Source: Cambridge UK, Pembroke College 120, pastedown on front cover
First Lines:
My dere sone ferst thy self enable
Wyth all thyn herte to wertues dysciplyne…
Last Lines:
…but with sadde chere loke hym in the face
Walk demewyrly be strete in the toun…
Note: On a flyleaf: lines 1-18.
14.Source: London, British Library Cotton Caligula A.II, ff. 14-15v
First Lines:
My dere sone fyrst þy self enabull
With all thyn hert to vertuys dyscyplyne…
Last Lines:
…ȝyf ouȝth be amys yn word sylable or dede
Put all þe faute vpon Iohn lydgate
Note: Ends on f. 15v without a break before beginning 1356, as if one work.
Attributed Title: Another old poeme of good aduise (f. 1, sixteenth-century list of contents, encompassing 1356 as well)
15.Source: London, British Library Harley 2251, ff. 148-149
First Lines:
BE symple of chiere cast nat thyn ye aside
Agenst the post lete nat thy bak abyde
Gaase nat aboute tournyng ouerall
Make nat thy myrrour also of the wall…
Last Lines:
…If ought be mysse worde sillable or dede
Put al the defaute vpon Iohn Lydegate
Note: First stanza wanting. Lines 2-4 of the opening (second) stanza marked ‘b a c’ in the margin to indicate proper sequence.
16.Source: London, British Library Harley 4011, ff. 1rb-1va
First Lines:
My dere child first thi selue vnable
With al thyne hert to vertuous discipline…
Last Lines:
…Atte mete & souper kepe þe still & softe
Eke too & froo meve not thi feete to ofte
Note: Lines 1-53 only.
Attributed Title: Translacyon by lydgate of Stans puer ad mensam (f. 1rb, in rubric above first line)
17.Source: London, British Library Lansdowne 699, ff. 83v-85
First Lines:
My dere childe first thi silf enable
With alle thyn hert to vertuous disciplyne…
Last Lines:
…Yiff ouht be mysse in woord sillable or deede
Put al defaute vpon Iohn Lidgate
Attributed Title: Incipit ffacecia vocat stans puer ad mensam (f. 83)
18.Source: London, British Library Royal 5 A.V, f. 134
Note: Four lines only translating lines 38-41 of the Latin.
19.Source: London, British Library Stowe 982, f. 10
First Lines:
My dere son ffyrst the enable
with all thyn hert to vertuous disciplyne…
Last Lines:
…yef ought be a mysse in word silable or dede
Put all the ffaute oppon Iohn liidgate
Attributed Title: [H]ere begynnyth a boke of curtese (f. 10); here endith þe boke of curtesy (f. 11)
20.Source: London, British Library Addit. 5467, ff. 67-68v
First Lines:
Mi dere son first thi selfe enable
With all thyn hert to vertuous disciplyne…
Last Lines:
…If owght be amysse in worde selable or dede
Put all defaute in John lidgate
Attributed Author: John Lidgate
21.Source: London, Lambeth Palace Library 853, pp. 150-155
First Lines:
MI dere sone first þi silf able
With al þin herte to vertuose discipline
A fore þi souereyn stondinge at þe table
Dispose þou þe aftir my doctryne…
Last Lines:
…Which al into vertues schal ȝoure ȝouþe lede
In þis writynge þouȝ þer be not date
Yf outȝt be mys in word sillable or dede
I submitte me to correcioun withoute any debate
Note: Written as prose and verse.
Attributed Title: Thus endeth þe booke of curteisie þat is clepid stans puer ad mensam (p. 155, in rubric)
Editions:
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. The Babees Book, etc. EETS o.s. 32 (1868); rev. ed. Early English Meals and Manners London: Trübner, 1876; repr. 1973: 275-82.
Coulton, George Gordon. Social Life in Britain from the Conquest to the Reformation. Cambridge: at the UP, 1914: 90-3.
22.Source: Bethesda, MD, National Library of Medicine MS E 4 [formerly 514; olim MS. 4], ff. 65-66v
First Lines:
My dere sone first thy selfe enhable
Wyth all thyn hert to vertuous disciplyn…
Last Lines:
…yff aut be mys in worde selable or dede
Put all desant p vpon John lidgate
Explicit
Note: ffili mi” in right margin.
Facsimiles:
Digital Facsimile of U.S. National Library of Medicine (Bethesda, MD) MS E 4. https://collections.nlm.nih.gov/bookviewer?PID=nlm:nlmuid-100899906-bk.
23.Source: New Haven, Yale University, Beinecke Library, Takamiya Deposit 94 [olim Astor, sold Sotheby’s 21 June 1988, lot 57]
24.Source: Leiden, Leiden University Library Vossius Germ. Gall. Q.9, f. 96v



Print Witnesses:
1.Source: STC 17030. Lydgate, John, Stans puer ad mensam, [Westminster: Printed by William Caxton, 1476?]
Editions:
Dibdin, Thomas Frognall. Typographical Antiquities. Revised Joseph Ames and William Herbert. 4 vols. London: Bulmer, 1810, 1812, 1816, 1818: 2.222-4.
2.Source: STC 4851. Paruus Catho [et] Magnus Catho, [Caxton, 1476] , ff. 34-36
First Lines:
mI dere childe first thy self enable
With all thin herte to vertuous discipline…
Last Lines:
…Of the wrytyng though ther be no date
Yf ought be amys put the faute in lidgate
Note: Huntington R. B. 62364.
Attributed Title: Stans puer ad mensam (f. 34)