SEARCH RECORDS
SEARCH MSS
PRINTED BOOKS
INSCRIPTIONS
BIBLIOGRAPHY
GLOSSARY
DIMEV HOME
The Digital Index of Middle English Verse
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
DIMEV 3492
IMEV 2167
NIMEV 2167
Might is right…Light is night
Sentences of the Four Philosophers on the degeneracy of the times in a Latin exemplum incorporated into the Speculum Christiani (Sexta Tabula) — twelve rhyming phrases in four monorhyming stanzas
Title(s): Speculum Christiani ; (Sexta Tabula)
Subjects: evils of the times
Versification: — three-line — aaa
Bibliographic Ghosts: Oxford, Bodleian Library Addit. A.11 (SC 28746), ff. 41v, 42: Hamer says ‘Top.oxon.c.72 - wrong reference.’ A simple transposition would produce SC 29746, Lat. th.d.1, which is mostly Latin sermons w/ English verse, a MS added by (S) as was this entry.



Manuscript Witnesses:
1.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Addit. A.268 (SC 29387), ff. 48-50
First Lines:
Might ys right
Light ys niiȝt
ffight is flight
One is two…
Last Lines:
…Witt vs quede
God is dede
2.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Bodley 89 (SC 1886), ff. 21-22v
First Lines:
Mighte is rygth
Lyghte is nygth…
Last Lines:
…And is quede
God is dede
3.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Bodley 61 (SC 2023), ff. 23v-25
First Lines:
Myght ys ryght
lyght ys myth…
Last Lines:
…Wytte ys qwyte
good ys dede
4.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Douce 107 (SC 21681), ff. 55-56
First Lines:
myȝt is riȝt
liȝt is nyȝt…
Last Lines:
…wit is queed
god is deed
Note: Written in the margins
5.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Eng. theol. e.16 (SC 32216), ff. 35v-37v
First Lines:
Might is rigth
Light is nygth…
Last Lines:
…Wit is qued
God is ded
6.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Greaves 54 (SC 3826), ff. 20v-21
Transcription:
Myȝt ys ryȝt
On ys two
Lust hathe leve
Wylle ys rede
Note: Abridged
7.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Hatton 97 (SC 4070), ff. 15v-16v
First Lines:
Myght is rygth
Lyght is nyȝt…
Last Lines:
…Wyt is quede
god is dede
8.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Lat. theol. d.1 (SC 29746), ff. 41v-42
First Lines:
Might is right
liȝt is nyȝt…
Last Lines:
…will is rede
god is dede
Note: Miswritten under ‘2167 [42]’ as SC number ‘29764’ in Brown and Robbins (1943); listed as ‘Unidentified, Missing or Destroyed’ by Hamer (1995).
9.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Laud misc. 104 (SC 1244), ff. 10va
First Lines:
myght is Riȝt
lyght is nygth…
Last Lines:
…wit is qued
God ys dede
10.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Laud misc. 513 (SC 1177), ff. 71v-72v
First Lines:
Myȝt is ryȝt
Lyȝt is nyȝt…
Last Lines:
…Wytte is qwed
God is ded
11.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Rawlinson C.401 (SC 12255), ff. 10va-11ra
First Lines:
myȝt is ryȝt
lyȝt is nyȝt…
Last Lines:
…Witt is qued
God is dede
12.Source: Oxford, Balliol College 239, ff. 70rb-71rb
First Lines:
Myght is ryght
Lyght is nyght
Fyght is fflyght…
Last Lines:
…Wyll is Rede
Wytt is qued
God is ded
13.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Addit. 6150, ff. 17v-18v
First Lines:
Miȝt is ryȝt
liȝt is nyȝt
ffiȝt is fliȝt…
Last Lines:
…Wille is reed
Witte is qued
God is ded
14.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Addit. 6865 [olim Gurney], f. 11v
Transcription:
Might is right
light is nyght
fight is flight
twayn er one
frende er fone
Note: Five lines only, inserted with other lists in Latin of similar nature in blank space after homily, ‘De Aqua Lastrato’.
Editions:
Historical Manuscripts Commission, Twelfth Report, Appendix, Part IX: The Manuscripts of the Duke of Beaufort, K. G., The Earl of Donoughmore, and others. (1891): 164.
15.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Dd.4.26, Part III, ff. 11-17v
First Lines:
Myȝt is ryȝt
ffyȝt is flyȝt…
Last Lines:
…Wytte is queed
God is deed
Note: Ten lines only
16.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Dd.4.51, ff. 23-24v
First Lines:
Myȝtht is ryȝtht
Lyȝthte is nyȝtht
ffyȝtht is flyȝtht…
Last Lines:
…Will is rede
Witte is qued
God is ded
17.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Ff.1.14, ff. 43-44v
First Lines:
myght es right
lyght ys niȝt…
Last Lines:
…Wyt is quede
god is dede
18.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Hh.1.13, ff. 35-37v
First Lines:
Might ys ryght
lyght ys nyght
ffyght is flight…
Last Lines:
…wille ys redy
witte ys quede
God ys dede
19.Source: Cambridge UK, Jesus College Q.G.3 (51), ff. 19-20v
First Lines:
Might is right
light is myght
ffight is flight…
Last Lines:
…wyll is rede
wyt is quede
God is dede
20.Source: Cambridge UK, Pembroke College 285, ff. 22-23
First Lines:
myȝt is ryȝt
lyȝt is nyȝt
fyȝt is flyȝt…
Last Lines:
…wille is rede
witte es qued
God es ded
21.Source: Cambridge UK, St John’s College G.8 (176), ff. 19v-21
First Lines:
Might is right
light is night
fight es flight…
Last Lines:
…Wille es rede
Wyt is quede
God es dede
22.Source: Cambridge UK, Sidney Sussex College 55, ff. 19-20v
First Lines:
Might is right
light is nyght
ffight is flyght…
Last Lines:
…Wille is rede
Witte is quede
God is dede
23.Source: London, British Library Addit. 10052, ff. 43v-45
First Lines:
Myȝt ys ryȝth
Lyȝth is nyȝth…
Last Lines:
…Wytte ys quede
Gode ys dede
24.Source: London, British Library Addit. 15237, ff. 23v-24v
First Lines:
Might is right
Light is nyght…
Last Lines:
…God is dede
Witte is quede
Note: Written as prose. Rubricated.
25.Source: London, British Library Addit. 21202, ff. 33v-35v
First Lines:
Might is riȝth
Lyght is night…
Last Lines:
…Wytte ys quede
God ys deede
26.Source: London, British Library Addit. 22121, ff. 35-37
First Lines:
Myȝte ys ryght
lyght ys myght…
Last Lines:
…wytte ys quede
Gode ys deede
Note: Written as prose, rubricated.
27.Source: London, British Library Harley 206, ff. 39-40
First Lines:
Myght es right…light is nyght…ffiȝt es fliȝt…
Last Lines:
…Will es red…Witt es qued…God es dede
Note: Passim, one phrase at a time between Latin commentary.
28.Source: London, British Library Harley 1197, f. 106v
29.Source: London, British Library Harley 1288, ff. 11-12v
First Lines:
Might is riht
light is nyght…
Last Lines:
…Witte is quede
God is dede
Note: Written as prose.
30.Source: London, British Library Harley 2250, f. 57v
First Lines:
Myȝt is ryght
Lyȝt is nyȝt…
Last Lines:
…Wyt is qwed
Gode is dede
31.Source: London, British Library Harley 6580, ff. 30-32
First Lines:
Myght es ryght
Light es nyght…
Last Lines:
…Witte es quede
God es dede
Note: Written in enlarged script.
Editions:
Holmstedt, Gustaf, ed. Speculum Christiani. EETS o.s. 182 (1933); repr. 1988: 124-30.
32.Source: London, British Library Harley 7322, ff. 92-95
Transcription:
Mithȝ is rithȝ
lithȝ is nithȝ
vithȝ is flithȝ
Wel fithȝ þat fleoþ
On is two
Þat on ys two
Item ffrend is fo
Item wil is wo
Item Ȝift is Reue
Item Pruyd haþ sleue
Wil is red
Item Wit is qued
Wit is qued
Item god is ded
Attributed Title: Written as prose. Lines interspersed throughout Latin prose, some rubricated or highlighted with rubric capital strokes.
Editions:
Holmstedt, Gustaf, ed. Speculum Christiani. EETS o.s. 182 (1933); repr. 1988: 124-5.
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. Political, Religious and Love Poems, from Lambeth MS. 306 and other sources. EETS o.s. 15 (1866); repr. 1962; rev. ed. 1903: 251.
33.Source: London, British Library Lansdowne 344, ff. 32v-34
First Lines:
Myȝte is ryȝte
lyȝte is nyȝte…
Last Lines:
…wit is qued
God is dede
Note: Written as prose and rubricated. Folios have been re-numbered to include the flyleaves, and foliation here refers to the new numbers.
Editions:
Holmstedt, Gustaf, ed. Speculum Christiani. EETS o.s. 182 (1933); repr. 1988: 124-5.
Herrtage, Sidney John Hervon, ed. The Early English Version of the Gesta Romanorum. EETS e.s. 33 (1879); repr. 1962: 499, 497.
34.Source: London, British Library Royal 5 A.VI, f. 83
Editions:
Wright, Thomas, ed. The Political Songs of England. Camden Society o.s. 6 (1839): 386-7.
Herrtage, Sidney John Hervon, ed. The Early English Version of the Gesta Romanorum. EETS e.s. 33 (1879); repr. 1962: 499, 497.
35.Source: London, British Library Royal 8 E.V, f. 20v
36.Source: London, Lambeth Palace Library 78, ff. 245rb-245vb
Transcription:
Myth ys ryth
lyth ys nyth
Syth is flyth
One ys two
ffrende ys fo
wele ys wo
lust hath leue
Thyf ys reue
Prede hath a sleue
wyl ys rede
wyt is [blank space]
God ys dede
Note: The English text is rubricated and interspersed in the Latin prose.
37.Source: Manchester, John Rylands Library Lat. 341, f. 77v
First Lines:
Miȝt is riȝt
liȝt is nyȝt
fiȝt is fliȝt…
Last Lines:
…wille is reed
wit is qued
god is deed
38.Source: Ushaw, St Cuthbert’s College 28, ff. 95v-98v
First Lines:
Myght is right
light is nyght…
Last Lines:
…Wille is redy
God is dedy
39.Source: Stonyhurst, Stonyhurst College 30 (A.VI.23), f. 136v
40.Source: Dublin, Trinity College, Dublin 159, ff. 169v-171
First Lines:
Myȝt is ryȝt
lyȝt is nyȝt…
Last Lines:
…Wyt is quede
Gode is dede
41.Source: Dublin, Trinity College, Dublin 351, ff. 41v-43v
First Lines:
Myghte ys ryghte
Lyghte ys myghte…
Last Lines:
…Wytte is quede
Gode ys dede
42.Source: London, University of London MS 657 [olim Helmingham Hall I.J.I.7], pp. 103-104
Transcription:
Myȝ is ryȝt
Lyȝt is nyȝt
ffyȝt is flyȝt
ffrende is foo
Wel is woo
Lust hat lyȝt
Thef is reef
Pryde hath slef
Wit is qued
God is ded
Note: Interspersed, line by line, in the Latin text, ll. 20, 23, 30, 42, 44 on p. 103; ll. 6, 13, 16, 26, 33-34 on p. 104.
43.Source: New Haven, Yale University, Beinecke Library Osborn fa2 [olim Laurence Witten, Cat. 5, item 51; prior Helmingham Hall LJ. V. 14], ff. 80-81
First Lines:
Myght is ryght
Lyght is nyght
ffyght is flyȝt…
Last Lines:
…Wylle is rede
Wytte is qwede
Gode is dede
Note: Interspersed with text.
44.Source: San Marino, CA, Henry Huntington Library HM 124 [olim Sotheby’s Sale, 11 June 1923, lot 89A], ff. 36v-38v
First Lines:
Might is right
light is nyght
ffight ys fflight…
Last Lines:
…wil is rede
wyt is quede
god is deede
45.Source: New Haven, Yale University, Beinecke Library, Takamiya Deposit 96 [olim Beeleigh Abbey (Foyle)]
46.Source: Urbana, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign 71 [olim Harmsworth, Sotheby’s sale, 16 Oct. 1945, Lot 2132]



Print Witnesses:
1.Source: STC 26012. Wotton, John, Speculum Cristiani, W. de Machlinia ad exp. H. Vrankenburgh, [1486?]