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DIMEV 3331
IMEV 2039.3
NIMEV 2039.3
Maidens of England sore may ye mourn
Song said to have been sung by the Scots after the defeat of the English at Bannockburn — six lines
Note: Edited without reference to source by Woods (1926) and Tytler (1873-77). 1.229; this tag occurs in many MSS of the Brut Chronicle, examples listed below, and in many early printed chronicles.
Title(s): Brut
Subjects: Scots, insults by, against the English; Bannockburn, battle of; historical poems
Versification: — six-line — aabccb, ababcc



Manuscript Witnesses:
1.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Rawlinson B.171 (SC 11539), f. 119
Transcription:
Maydenes of engelande sare may ȝe morne
ffor tynt ȝe haue ȝour lemmans at Bannokesborun
Wiþ hevalogh
What wende þe kyng of Engel[and]
haue y gete scorlande
Wiþ Rombylogh
Note: Written as prose, in rubric as a heading.
Editions:
Sisam, Celia, and Kenneth Sisam, eds. The Oxford Book of Medieval English Verse. Oxford: Clarendon, 1970: 554.
2.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Rawlinson B.190 (SC 15500), f. 90v
Transcription:
Maydyns sore may ȝe morne
that ȝe hawe lost ȝowre lemmans at Bannokisberne
With hawelauhe
What wene the kyng of Englonds for to gete Scotlonde
With Rumbelauhe
Note: In prose Brut, written as prose.
3.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Ll.2.14, ff. 166v-167
Transcription:
Maydens of Englond sare may ye morne
for tynt ye haue lost youre lemmans at Bannockesborne
with heve and howe
whate wende the kynge of Englond
goten haue scotlond
with rombylough
Note: In the prose Brut, rubric, as a heading, written as prose.
4.Source: London, British Library Cotton Galba E.VIII, f. 88
Transcription:
Maydenys of Engelond sare may þe moren
for tynt þe haue lost youre lemanys at Bannokysbourne
wyth heualow
what wende the kynge of Engelond
to haue goten the Scotlond
wyth rumbillowe
Note: Written as prose.
5.Source: London, British Library Harley 266, f. 15v
Transcription:
Maydenes of Engelond sare may ȝe mourne
ffor tynt ȝe lost ȝour lemmanes at bannokesbourne
With heil felows
What wend þe king of Engelond
ffor to haue gete Scotlond
With Rombylows
Note: Marked by rubric ‘Nota’ in left margin.
6.Source: Aberystwyth, National Library of Wales Peniarth 396D, f. 140
Transcription:
Maydens of Englonde sore may ye mourne
þat haue lost your lemmans at Bannokkesborn
with havelouh
What wenyth þe kynge of Englonde
to haue geten Scotlonde
withe the Rombelaugh
Note: In prose Brut; written in rubric as heading; written as prose.
7.Source: Glasgow, Glasgow University Library Hunterian 83 (T.3.21), f. 82
Transcription:
Maydens of England sore may ye morne
ffor tynt ȝe haue your husbandis at Bannokis borne…
To haue gotene Scotland
with Rombylowe
Note: 1 x 6, aabccb, in Brut Chronicle, chap. 177.
8.Source: Beaminster, Dorset, J. Stevens Cox [olim Harmsworth; Sotheby Sale, Oct., 1945, lot 1956], now privately owned
Editions:
Cox, James Stevens. Literary Repository 4 (1957): 4.1.
9.Source: Cambridge MA, Harvard University, Houghton Library, Eng. 530, f. 137v
Transcription:
Maydens of England yee may weele mowron
ffor tynt yee haue youre lemmans at Bassingesbourne
What wenes kyng Edward of England with hevealowe
So lyghtly to haue goten him Scotland with rombelowe
Note: Four lines only, written as prose in prose Brut.
10.Source: Cambridge MA, Harvard University, Houghton Library, Eng. 587, f. 76v
Transcription:
Maydens of Englonde sare may ye mourne
sith ye haue lost your lemman at Bannokbourne
with heve & lowe
What wende the kynge of Englond
to haue wonne scottelonde
Rombelowe
Note: Written as prose in prose Brut.
11.Source: Cambridge MA, Harvard University, Houghton Library, Eng. 766, f. 149v
Transcription:
Maydens of Englond sare may ye morne
ffor your lemmans ȝe have lost at Bannokkisborne
with heve a lowe
Whatt wenyth the kyng of Englond
So soone to haue wonne Scotland
with Rumbylowe
Note: In Fabyan’s Chronicle.
12.Source: Cambridge MA, Harvard University, Houghton Library, Richardson 35, f. 63vb
Transcription:
Maydens of Englong sore may ȝe morne
Tynte ȝe haue ȝoure lemmans lost at Bannoksborne
With hewelowe
Wat wende þe kyng of Englonde
To haue gete Scotlonde
Wyth Rombelowe
Note: In prose Brut; written as verse.
13.Source: New Haven, Yale University, Beinecke Library 494, f. 73ra
Transcription:
Maydenes of Engelande sore may ȝe mourne
for tynt haue ȝe ȝoure lemmans at Bannokesbourne
wiþ heue alow
What wende þe kyng of Engelonde
to haue wonne scotlande
wiþ rombylow
Note: Written as prose, underlined in pencil.
14.Source: Princeton, Princeton University Library Taylor Medieval 3 [olim Morent’s Court, Kent, Meyerstein, Sotheby’s 17 Dec. 1952, lot 466], f. 89ra
Transcription:
Maydenes of Englond sare may ye morne
for tynt ye haue loste your lemmannys at Bannockysborne
with heualow what went þe kyng of engelond
haue gotyn Scottelond with Rombilow
Note: Written as prose, in rubric.
15.Source: San Marino, CA, Henry Huntington Library HM 113 [olim Phillipps 8857], f. 92ra
Transcription:
Maydyns of Englond sare may ȝee morn
ffor tynt þat yee have lost yeur lemmanys at Bannokisbourn
What how a lagh what vent þe kyng of Englond
hav gote Skotlond
with Rombelagh
Note: Written as prose, in rubric.
16.Source: San Marino, CA, Henry Huntington Library HM 131 [olim Buccleuch, Quaritch Cats. 303, 304], f. 88
Transcription:
Maydens of Englonde sore mowe ye morne
ffor tyme ye haue your lemmans at Bannokesborn
What weende þe king of Englonde
fforto have gete Scotlande
wyth Rumbylowe
Note: Written as prose, with virgules to mark line breaks.
17.Source: San Marino, CA, Henry Huntington Library HM 136 [olim Phillipps 8858], f. 85
Transcription:
Maydens of England sare may ye morne
ffor tyȝt haue ye lost your lemmans at Bannokesbourne
wyth hevalogh
What wende the kyng of Englond
to haue gete Scotland
wyth Rombilough
Note: Written as prose, with virgules to mark line breaks.
18.Source: New Haven, Yale University, Beinecke Library, Takamiya Deposit 12 [Dawsons of Pall Mall, Catalogue 103, item 3, 1970], f. 114v
Transcription:
Maydens of Englonde sore may ye morne
ffor tynte ye haue your lemmans at Bannokisborne
With hebalowe
What wende the king of Englonde
to haue gette Scotlane
With Rombylowe
Note: Written in verse lines.
19.Source: New Haven, Yale University, Beinecke Library, Takamiya Deposit 29, f. 81v
Note: Written in verse lines.



Print Witnesses:
1.Source: STC 10659. Fabyan, Robert , New Chronicles of Englande and of Fraunce, Pynson, 1533 , vol. II, f. lxxxiiii
Transcription:
Maydens of Englonde sore maye ye morne
For your lemmans ye haue loste at Bannockisborne…
…So soone to haue wonne Scotlande
With rumbylowe
Note: In Part VII of Fabyan’s Chronicle, Septima Pars, Edwardi Secundi.
Editions:
Ellis, Sir Henry, ed. The New Chronicles of England and France in Two Parts. repr. of Robert Fabyan, New Chronicles, Pynson 1516 (STC 10659). London: Rivington, 1811: 420.
Rastell, John. The Pastime of People. London: Rivington, 1811: 204.
Pinkerton, John, ed. Ancient Scottish Poems Never Before in Print. 2 vols. London and Edinburgh, 1786: 2.494.
Aytoun, William Edmondstone. The Ballads of Scotland. 2 vols. Edinburgh: Blackwood, 1858 et seq.
Eyre-Todd, George. Scottish Ballad Poetry. Glasgow: W. Hodge, 1893: 17.
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. Captain Cox., His Ballads and Books. Ballad Society 7 (1871); repr. New Shakespeare Society, 1890: clvi.
Woods, Margaret L. “Ballads.” Royal Society of Literature: New Series, Essays by Divers Hands 6 (1926): 25-42: 28.
Brie, Friedrich, ed. The Brut, or the Chronicles of England. EETS o.s. 131 (1906), 136 (1908); repr. 1987: 1.208.
Wilson, Richard Middlewood. The Lost Literature of Medieval England. London: Methuen, 1952: 213.
Wilson, Richard Middlewood. “More Lost Literature in Old and Middle English.” Leeds Studies in English 5 (1936): 1-49: 44.
Chambers, Edmund Kerchever, and Frank Sidgwick. Early English Lyrics…. London: Buller, 1907, 1911 et seq: liii.
Robbins, Rossell Hope, ed. Historical Poems of the XIV and XV Centuries. New York: Columbia UP, 1959: 262.
Bad Key: Baskervill1929: 41.
2.Source: STC 10662. Fabyan, Robert , The chronicle of Fabyan whiche he hym selfe nameth the concordaunce of historyes, nowe newely printed, [and] in many places corrected, as to the dylygent reader it may apere. 1542. Cum priuilegio ad imprimendum solum, [London]: Printed by Iohn Reynes, dwellynge at the sygne of saynte George in Pauls churcheyarde, [1542] , sig. nn.virb
Transcription:
Maydenes of Englande sore may ye morne
For your lemmans ye haue lost at Bannockysborne
Wyth heue a lowe
What weneth the king of England
So soone to haue wone Scotlande
Wyth rumbylowe
Note: In Part VII of Fabyan’s Chronicle, Septima Pars, Edwardi Secundi.