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The Digital Index of Middle English Verse
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DIMEV 3128
IMEV 1914
NIMEV 1914
Lithe and listen both old and young
A carol of the Nativity — seven quatrains (aaab) and burden: ‘Of a rose a louely rose / Of a rose I syng a song’
Note: For a variant see 3114
Subjects: carols, to Virgin Mary
Versification: — four-line — aaab



Manuscript Witnesses:
1.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Eng. poet. e.1 (SC 29734), f. 21
First Lines:
Lyth & lystyn both old & ȝyng
How þe rose be gane to spryng…
Last Lines:
…In euery ball to ben owr bott
So blessedly yt sprong
Editions:
Greene, Richard Leighton. The Early English Carols. Oxford: Clarendon, 1935; 2nd ed., rev., Oxford: Clarendon, 1977: 131-2; 1977, 116-17.
Greene, Richard Leighton, ed. A Selection of English Carols. Clarendon Medieval and Tudor Series. Oxford: Clarendon, 1962: 108.
Wright, Thomas, ed. Songs and Carols from a manuscript…of the Fifteenth Century. Percy Society 23. London: Richards, 1847: 21-2.
Stevick, Robert D., ed. One Hundred Middle English Lyrics. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1964: 146-7.
Oliver, Raymond. Poems Without Names: The English Lyric 1200-1500. Berkeley, CA: University of California, 1970: 120-1.
2.Source: Oxford, Balliol College 354, p. 4621
First Lines:
Herkyn to me both old & yonge
How a rose began to sprynge…
Last Lines:
…Now cryst saue all this cumpany
& send vs gud lyff & long
Explicit
Note: 8 stanzas
Facsimiles:
Early Manuscripts at Oxford University: Facsimile of Oxford, Balliol MS 354. (http://image.ox.ac.uk/show?collection=balliol&manuscript=ms354).
Editions:
Dyboski, R., ed. Songs, Carols and Other Miscellaneous Poems from Balliol MS. 354, Richard Hill’s Commonplace Book. EETS e.s. 101 (1908); repr. 1984: 7-87.
Greene, Richard Leighton. The Early English Carols. Oxford: Clarendon, 1935; 2nd ed., rev., Oxford: Clarendon, 1977: 131-2; 1977, 117.
Flügel, Ewald. “Liedersammlungen des XVI Jahrhunderts….” Anglia 26 (1903): 94-285: 232-3.
Flügel, Ewald, ed. Neuenglisches Lesebuch. 1 Bd. Halle: Niemayer, 1895: 116.
Flügel, Ewald, ed. Neuenglisches Lesebuch. 1 Bd. Halle: Niemayer, 1895: 62.
Pollard, Alfred William. Fifteenth Century Prose and Verse. A Volume of Arber’s ‘English Garner’…. Westminster and New York: Dutton, 1903: 85-6.
Rickert, Edith, ed. Ancient English Christmas Carols. London: Chatto & Windus, 1910: 9.