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DIMEV 2610
IMEV 1555
NIMEV 1555
In the month of May when the grass groweth green
On the Death of the Duke of Suffolk (1450) — macaronic lines in 8-line stanzas (ababbcbc), with refrain, ‘For Iac Napes soule, Placebo and Dirige
Title(s): On the Death of the Duke of Suffolk (1450)
Subjects: de la Pole, William, duke of Suffolk; historical poems; satires; parodies
Versification: — eight-line — ababbcbc
Macaronic: Latin



Manuscript Witnesses:
1.Source: London, British Library Cotton Vespasian B.XVI, ff. 1v-2
First Lines:
In the moneth of Maii when grasse groweþ grene
Flagrant in her floures with swete sauour…
Last Lines:
…And þat all Englond ioyfull may synge
þe commendacion with Placebo & Dirige
Note: 18 Quatrains, abab.
Editions:
Ritson, Joseph, ed. Ancient Songs and Ballads from the Reign of King Henry the Second to the Revolution. 2 vols. London, 1829; re-ed. William Carew Hazlitt London, 1877: 1.117-20.
Turner, Sharon. History of England from the Norman Conquest to the Accession of Edward the First…from the Accession of Edward the First to the Death of Henry V…comprising the Reigns of Henry VI, Edward IV, Edward V, Richard III and Henry VII. 3 vols. London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme and Brown, 1814, 1815, 1823; many editions: 3.169-70.
Madden, Frederick. “Political Poems of the Reigns of Henry VI and Edwrd IV.” Archaeologia 29 (1842): 318-47: 320-4.
Wright, Thomas, ed. Political Poems and Songs relating to English History, composed during the period From the Accession of Edward III to that of Richard III. 2 vols. Rolls Series 14 (1859, 1861); repr. Kraus, 1965: 2.232-4.
Collier, John Payne, ed. Trevelyan Papers prior to A.D. 1558. Camden Society o.s. 67 (1857).
Robbins, Rossell Hope, ed. Historical Poems of the XIV and XV Centuries. New York: Columbia UP, 1959: 187-9.
2.Source: London, Lambeth Palace Library 306, ff. 51-52v
First Lines:
In the moneth of may whan gres growes grene
fragrans in there floures with a swet savor…
Last Lines:
…for all the fals traytors þat engelond hath sold
And for Jake napis sowlle placebo and dirige finis Amen
Note: 116 lines.
Attributed Title: here folowythe a dyrge made by the comons of Kent / in the tyme of ther Rysynge when Jake Cade was theyr cappitayn
Editions:
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. Political, Religious and Love Poems, from Lambeth MS. 306 and other sources. EETS o.s. 15 (1866); repr. 1962; rev. ed. 1903: 6.
Gairdner, James, ed. Three Fifteenth-Century Chronicles. Camden Society n.s. 28 (1880): 99.
3.Source: Dublin, Trinity College, Dublin 516, ff. 116-116v
First Lines:
In the monyth of may qwan gresse waxyt grene
ffragrans in there flowres with a swete sauour…
Last Lines:
…Amen all Ingelond doth Crye
ffor all these tratourrys sowlys placebo & dirige
ffor iake napys sowle placebo & dirige
Note: 66 lines.
Attributed Title: Placebo & dirige (f. 116)