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DIMEV 2533
IMEV 1502
NIMEV 1502
In March after the first C
How to find Easter Day according to the new moon (C) — three couplets
Subjects: didactic verse
Versification: — two-line — aa



Manuscript Witnesses:
1.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Digby 88 (SC 1689), f. 82v
Transcription:
In marche after the fyrst C
loke the prime where þat he be
The iijde sonday with owten myssell ys
Ester day ever I wysse
yf þe prime one the sonday be
telle hym fyrst for oon of the iij
Note: Written as prose.
Editions:
Mooney, Linne R. “Practical Didactic Works in Middle English.” Diss. Toronto, 1981: 388-9.
2.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Bodl. Lat. liturg. g.8 [olim Brough Hall, Wymundham Abbey Psalter], f. vii
First Lines:
In marche after þe firste C
Loke the prime where þat it be…
Last Lines:
…gif þe prime on the sunday be
Telle hym first for oon of the þre
Note: Precedes calendar.
Editions:
Historical Manuscripts Commission, Third Report, with Appendix. (1872): 255.
3.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Lat. misc. e.22(R) (SC 30586), roll (at end)
Transcription:
In Marche after the first C
Loke the pryme where he be
The thridde Sonenday euermore shalbe
The hygh fest of Resurreccionis dominice
If the pryme on the lettre of C be
Compte hym the first of the three
Attributed Title: Regula pesche in mense m[ ]
4.Source: Oxford, Balliol College 354, p. 20
Transcription:
In marche after the ffirst C
lok þe prime wher so euer it be
the thirde sonday after with owt wysse
ester day than it is
yf on þe sonday fall þe prime
Recon it for on thus seyth þe ryme
Note: Written as prose; followed below by briefer instructions, ‘Pri pri pri di di di pasca fiet / post epiphaniam tunc post dominicam sit tibi pascha’.
Attributed Title: Regula perpetua (f. 6v)
Facsimiles:
Early Manuscripts at Oxford University: Facsimile of Oxford, Balliol MS 354. (http://image.ox.ac.uk/show?collection=balliol&manuscript=ms354).
Editions:
Rigg, A. George, ed. Glastonbury Miscellany of the Fifteenth Century. Oxford, 1968: 80.
5.Source: Oxford, Keble College 47 [olim Brooke Horae], f. 2
Transcription:
In march aftyr þe ferst C
The nexte prime tel þu me
þe þyridde Sunday ful y wys
Paske day seker ys
Note: 2 couplets only.
Editions:
Brooke, Sir Thomas. Catalogue of the Manuscripts and Printed Books Collected By Thomas Brooke, F.S.A. And Preserved at Armitage Bridge House, Near Huddersfield. 2 vols. London: Ellis and Elvey, 1891: 1.266.
6.Source: Oxford, Keble College 58 [olim Brooke Missale], f. 2
Transcription:
In marche aftir þe ferste C
The nexte prime tel þow me
The þridde Sunday ful i wis
Paske dai sikir hit is
Note: 2 couplets only.
7.Source: Oxford, University College 179, f. 97v
Note: 2 couplets only.
8.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Ee.4.35, Part I, f. 5
Transcription:
Yn Marche Take The pryme where so he Be
& The iii Sonday ys hester day Callyd es hett ys
Note: Corrupt version; follows 1016.
9.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Ee.4.35, Part I, f. 5
Transcription:
yn Marche Take The pryme Where so he Be
& The iij sonday ys hester day Callys es he ys
Note: Written as prose.
10.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Ff.6.8, f. 3v
Transcription:
In merche after þe fyrst C
Loke the prime wher euer he be
The 3d sonday full I wysse
Ester day trewly yt ys
& yf þe prime on þe sonday be
Rekyne þat sonday for one of þe thre
Note: Added to the leaf before a calendar by a hand of the fifteenth century.
Editions:
Robbins, Rossell Hope, ed. Secular Lyrics of the XIV and XV Centuries. 2nd ed. Oxford: Clarendon, 1955: 63.
Rigg, A. George. “The Letter ‘C’ and the Date of Easter.” English Language Notes 5 (1967-68): 1-5: 1.
Luria, Maxwell Sidney, and Richard L. Hoffman, eds. Middle English Lyrics. New York: Norton, 1974: 110.
Means, Laurel. “‘Ffor as moche as yche man may not haue þe astrolabe:’ Popular Middle English Variations on the Computus.” Speculum 67 (1992): 595-623: 612.
11.Source: Cambridge UK, Magdalene College 13 (F.4.13), f. 9
First Lines:
In marche aftur the furste C
looke the prime wher euer it be…
Last Lines:
…And if that sundaye on the prime be
þe shall number hym for oon of the 3
Note: Written as prose.
Attributed Title: Another rule that beginneth euery yer from the firste newe moone after Candelmas to knowe what daye Estur daye shall falle on (f. 9)
12.Source: Cambridge UK, Trinity College O.1.57(1081), f. iv
Transcription:
In marche aftur the firste C
Tho nexte prime telle thov me
Tho thryd sone daye aftur I wys
Estur day for sothe hyt is
And if prime on the soneday falle
Lok thow covnte hym first of alle
Editions:
James, Montague Rhodes. Catalogue of the Western Manuscripts in the Library of Trinity College, Cambridge. 4 vols. Cambridge: at the UP, 1900-1904: 3.55.
13.Source: Cambridge UK, Trinity College O.9.38 (1450), f. 58v
Transcription:
yn marche aftyr the fyrste C
The nextt pryme tell yee me
The thyrdde sonday ful y wys
Estyr day sykyr hitt ys
pri pri pri di di di pas cha ffi
Editions:
Rigg, A. George. “The Letter ‘C’ and the Date of Easter.” English Language Notes 5 (1967-68): 1-5: 1.
Rigg, A. George, ed. Glastonbury Miscellany of the Fifteenth Century. Oxford, 1968: 80.
14.Source: London, British Library Harley 3810, Part I, f. 52v
Transcription:
In marche affter the first C
loke the prime wher so it be
the thrid sonday euermore
Is ester day how so he go
If þe prime of þe sonday be
Tell hym for one of thre
Note: Written two lines of verse per line in the manuscript, twice on same folio, the second with rhyme and meter corrected.
15.Source: London, British Library Royal 2 A.XVII, f. 5
Transcription:
In marche after the fyerse C
tacke the prime wher euer he be
the thyerde sondaye without mys
Estur daye yt is
yf the prime on the sondaye be
tacke hym for on of the three
Note: Added to bottom margin by a hand of the fifteenth century.
Editions:
Littlehales, Henry, ed. The Prymer or Lay Folks’ Prayer Book. EETS o.s. 105 (1895); 109 (1897); repr. as one volume, 1973: xlix.
Littlehales, Henry, and Christopher Wordsworth, eds. The Old Service Books of the English Church. London: Methuen, 1904: 60.
16.Source: London, British Library Royal 8 F.XII, f. 43
Transcription:
In Marche after the fyrst C
loke the prime where he be
and the thryd Sunday after
take the day of Ester
and yf the prime On the Sunday be
compte hym for oon of the thre
Note: Written as prose.
17.Source: London, British Library Sloane 747, f. 46
Transcription:
In Marche after the furst C
take the prime where euer he be
the iijde sonday euermore how euer he go
if the furst sonday on the prime be
take hym for on of iij
Note: Written as prose; followed by briefer instructions: ‘Pri pri pri di di di pascha fi’ and ‘Take xiiij after the iijde prime and the next sonday after Ester day’.
Editions:
Mooney, Linne R. “A Medieval Latin Mnemonic for Finding the Date of Easter.” Notes and Queries n.s. 30 [228] (1983): 391-2: 391-2.
18.Source: London, Lambeth Palace Library 545, f. 2
Transcription:
Of March take the first C
þe next prime tell þou me
þe iij sonday after þe prime
is Ester day þat holy tyme
yf þe sonday fall on C
tell hym for oon of iij
Note: Written as prose.
Editions:
James, Montague Rhodes, and Claude Jenkins. A Descriptive Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the Library of Lambeth Palace. 2 vols. Cambridge, 1930-32: 748.
19.Source: Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Library 107, f. 179
Transcription:
In march aftyr þe ferste C
The nexte prime tel þu me
The thrydde suneday ful i wys
Paske day sykyr hit is
Note: Two couplets only.
20.Source: New Haven, Yale University, Beinecke Library 88, f. 1v
Transcription:
IN marche after the furste C
loke the prime Where hit be
the thride sonday aftyr the prime i wis
schal be estrenday wyth owte mys
and if the sonday on the prime be
Counte hym for on of the thre
Note: Precedes calendar.
21.Source: Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale lat. 3638, f. 75
Note: Lines 1-2 only.