DIMEV 2533

IMEV 1502

NIMEV 1502

How to find Easter Day according to the new moon (C) — three
couplets

Manuscript Witnesses:

1.**Source: **Oxford, Bodleian Library Digby 88 (SC 1689), f. 82v
**Transcription:**

**Note: **Written as prose.
**Editions: **

In marche after the fyrst C

loke the prime where þat he be

The iijde sonday with owten myssell ys

Ester day ever I wysse

yf þe prime one the sonday be

telle hym fyrst for oon of the iij

loke the prime where þat he be

The iijde sonday with owten myssell ys

Ester day ever I wysse

yf þe prime one the sonday be

telle hym fyrst for oon of the iij

Mooney, Linne R.
“Practical Didactic Works in Middle English.”
Diss. Toronto, 1981: 388-9.

2.**Source: **Oxford, Bodleian Library Bodl. Lat. liturg. g.8 [*olim* Brough Hall, Wymundham Abbey Psalter], f. vii
**First Lines:**

**Last Lines:**

**Note: **Precedes calendar.
**Editions: **
*Historical Manuscripts Commission, Third Report, with Appendix.*
(1872): 255.

In marche after þe firste C

Loke the prime where þat it be…

Loke the prime where þat it be…

…gif þe prime on the sunday be

Telle hym first for oon of the þre

Telle hym first for oon of the þre

3.**Source: **Oxford, Bodleian Library Lat. misc. e.22(R) (SC 30586), roll (at end)
**Transcription:**

**Attributed Title: ***Regula pesche in mense m[ ]*

In Marche after the first C

Loke the pryme where he be

The thridde Sonenday euermore shalbe

The hygh fest of Resurreccionis dominice

If the pryme on the lettre of C be

Compte hym the first of the three

Loke the pryme where he be

The thridde Sonenday euermore shalbe

The hygh fest of Resurreccionis dominice

If the pryme on the lettre of C be

Compte hym the first of the three

4.**Source: **Oxford, Balliol College 354, p. 20
**Transcription:**

**Note: **Written as prose; followed below by briefer instructions, ‘*Pri
pri pri di di di pasca fiet / post epiphaniam tunc post dominicam sit tibi
pascha*’.
**Attributed Title: ***Regula perpetua* (f. 6v)
**Facsimiles: **
*Early Manuscripts at Oxford University: Facsimile
of Oxford, Balliol MS 354.*
(http://image.ox.ac.uk/show?collection=balliol&manuscript=ms354).
**Editions: **

In marche after the ffirst C

lok þe prime wher so euer it be

the thirde sonday after with owt wysse

ester day than it is

yf on þe sonday fall þe prime

Recon it for on thus seyth þe ryme

lok þe prime wher so euer it be

the thirde sonday after with owt wysse

ester day than it is

yf on þe sonday fall þe prime

Recon it for on thus seyth þe ryme

Rigg, A. George,
ed.
*Glastonbury Miscellany of the Fifteenth Century.*
Oxford, 1968: 80.

5.**Source: **Oxford, Keble College 47 [*olim* Brooke Horae], f. 2
**Transcription:**

**Note: **2 couplets only.
**Editions: **

In march aftyr þe ferst C

The nexte prime tel þu me

þe þyridde Sunday ful y wys

Paske day seker ys

The nexte prime tel þu me

þe þyridde Sunday ful y wys

Paske day seker ys

Brooke, Sir Thomas.
*Catalogue of the Manuscripts and Printed Books Collected By Thomas
Brooke, F.S.A. And Preserved at Armitage Bridge House, Near Huddersfield.*
2 vols. London: Ellis and Elvey, 1891: 1.266.

6.**Source: **Oxford, Keble College 58 [*olim* Brooke Missale], f. 2
**Transcription:**

**Note: **2 couplets only.

In marche aftir þe ferste C

The nexte prime tel þow me

The þridde Sunday ful i wis

Paske dai sikir hit is

The nexte prime tel þow me

The þridde Sunday ful i wis

Paske dai sikir hit is

8.**Source: **Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Ee.4.35, Part I, f. 5
**Transcription:**

**Note: **Corrupt version; follows 1016.

Yn Marche Take The pryme where so he Be

& The iii Sonday ys hester day Callyd es hett ys

& The iii Sonday ys hester day Callyd es hett ys

9.**Source: **Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Ee.4.35, Part I, f. 5
**Transcription:**

**Note: **Written as prose.

yn Marche Take The pryme Where so he Be

& The iij sonday ys hester day Callys es he ys

& The iij sonday ys hester day Callys es he ys

10.**Source: **Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Ff.6.8, f. 3v
**Transcription:**

**Note: **Added to the leaf before a calendar by a hand of the fifteenth
century.
**Editions: **

In merche after þe fyrst C

Loke the prime wher euer he be

The 3d sonday full I wysse

Ester day trewly yt ys

& yf þe prime on þe sonday be

Rekyne þat sonday for one of þe thre

Loke the prime wher euer he be

The 3d sonday full I wysse

Ester day trewly yt ys

& yf þe prime on þe sonday be

Rekyne þat sonday for one of þe thre

Robbins, Rossell Hope,
ed.
*Secular Lyrics of the XIV and XV Centuries.*
2nd ed. Oxford: Clarendon, 1955: 63.

Rigg, A. George.
“The Letter ‘C’ and the Date of Easter.”
*English Language Notes*
5 (1967-68): 1-5: 1.

Luria, Maxwell Sidney, and Richard L. Hoffman, eds.
*Middle English Lyrics.*
New York: Norton, 1974: 110.

Means, Laurel.
“‘Ffor as moche as yche man may not haue þe astrolabe:’
Popular Middle English Variations on the Computus.”
*Speculum*
67 (1992): 595-623: 612.

11.**Source: **Cambridge UK, Magdalene College 13 (F.4.13), f. 9
**First Lines:**

**Last Lines:**

**Note: **Written as prose.
**Attributed Title: **Another rule that beginneth euery yer from the firste newe moone after
Candelmas to knowe what daye Estur daye shall falle on (f. 9)

In marche aftur the furste C

looke the prime wher euer it be…

looke the prime wher euer it be…

…And if that sundaye on the prime be

þe shall number hym for oon of the 3

þe shall number hym for oon of the 3

12.**Source: **Cambridge UK, Trinity College O.1.57(1081), f. iv
**Transcription:**

**Editions: **

In marche aftur the firste C

Tho nexte prime telle thov me

Tho thryd sone daye aftur I wys

Estur day for sothe hyt is

And if prime on the soneday falle

Lok thow covnte hym first of alle

Tho nexte prime telle thov me

Tho thryd sone daye aftur I wys

Estur day for sothe hyt is

And if prime on the soneday falle

Lok thow covnte hym first of alle

James, Montague Rhodes.
*Catalogue of the
Western Manuscripts in the Library of Trinity College, Cambridge.*
4 vols. Cambridge: at the UP, 1900-1904: 3.55.

13.**Source: **Cambridge UK, Trinity College O.9.38 (1450), f. 58v
**Transcription:**

**Editions: **

yn marche aftyr the fyrste C

The nextt pryme tell yee me

The thyrdde sonday ful y wys

Estyr day sykyr hitt ys

pri pri pri di di di pas cha ffi

The nextt pryme tell yee me

The thyrdde sonday ful y wys

Estyr day sykyr hitt ys

pri pri pri di di di pas cha ffi

Rigg, A. George.
“The Letter ‘C’ and the Date of Easter.”
*English Language Notes*
5 (1967-68): 1-5: 1.

Rigg, A. George,
ed.
*Glastonbury Miscellany of the Fifteenth Century.*
Oxford, 1968: 80.

14.**Source: **London, British Library Harley 3810, Part I, f. 52v
**Transcription:**

**Note: **Written two lines of verse per line in the manuscript, twice on same
folio, the second with rhyme and meter corrected.

In marche affter the first C

loke the prime wher so it be

the thrid sonday euermore

Is ester day how so he go

If þe prime of þe sonday be

Tell hym for one of thre

loke the prime wher so it be

the thrid sonday euermore

Is ester day how so he go

If þe prime of þe sonday be

Tell hym for one of thre

15.**Source: **London, British Library Royal 2 A.XVII, f. 5
**Transcription:**

**Note: **Added to bottom margin by a hand of the fifteenth century.
**Editions: **

In marche after the fyerse C

tacke the prime wher euer he be

the thyerde sondaye without mys

Estur daye yt is

yf the prime on the sondaye be

tacke hym for on of the three

tacke the prime wher euer he be

the thyerde sondaye without mys

Estur daye yt is

yf the prime on the sondaye be

tacke hym for on of the three

Littlehales, Henry,
ed.
*The Prymer or Lay Folks’ Prayer Book.*
*EETS*
o.s. 105 (1895); 109 (1897); repr. as one volume, 1973: xlix.

Littlehales, Henry, and Christopher Wordsworth, eds.
*The Old Service Books of the English Church.*
London: Methuen, 1904: 60.

16.**Source: **London, British Library Royal 8 F.XII, f. 43
**Transcription:**

**Note: **Written as prose.

In Marche after the fyrst C

loke the prime where he be

and the thryd Sunday after

take the day of Ester

and yf the prime On the Sunday be

compte hym for oon of the thre

loke the prime where he be

and the thryd Sunday after

take the day of Ester

and yf the prime On the Sunday be

compte hym for oon of the thre

17.**Source: **London, British Library Sloane 747, f. 46
**Transcription:**

**Note: **Written as prose; followed by briefer instructions: ‘*Pri pri
pri di di di pascha fi*’ and ‘Take xiiij after the iijde
prime and the next sonday after Ester day’.
**Editions: **

In Marche after the furst C

take the prime where euer he be

the iijde sonday euermore how euer he go

if the furst sonday on the prime be

take hym for on of iij

take the prime where euer he be

the iijde sonday euermore how euer he go

if the furst sonday on the prime be

take hym for on of iij

Mooney, Linne R.
“A Medieval Latin Mnemonic for Finding the Date of Easter.”
*Notes and Queries*
n.s. 30 [228] (1983): 391-2: 391-2.

18.**Source: **London, Lambeth Palace Library 545, f. 2
**Transcription:**

**Note: **Written as prose.
**Editions: **

Of March take the first C

þe next prime tell þou me

þe iij sonday after þe prime

is Ester day þat holy tyme

yf þe sonday fall on C

tell hym for oon of iij

þe next prime tell þou me

þe iij sonday after þe prime

is Ester day þat holy tyme

yf þe sonday fall on C

tell hym for oon of iij

James, Montague Rhodes, and Claude Jenkins.
*A Descriptive Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the Library of Lambeth
Palace.*
2 vols. Cambridge, 1930-32: 748.

19.**Source: **Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Library 107, f. 179
**Transcription:**

**Note: **Two couplets only.

In march aftyr þe ferste C

The nexte prime tel þu me

The thrydde suneday ful i wys

Paske day sykyr hit is

The nexte prime tel þu me

The thrydde suneday ful i wys

Paske day sykyr hit is

20.**Source: **New Haven, Yale University, Beinecke Library 88, f. 1v
**Transcription:**

**Note: **Precedes calendar.

IN marche after the furste C

loke the prime Where hit be

the thride sonday aftyr the prime i wis

schal be estrenday wyth owte mys

and if the sonday on the prime be

Counte hym for on of the thre

loke the prime Where hit be

the thride sonday aftyr the prime i wis

schal be estrenday wyth owte mys

and if the sonday on the prime be

Counte hym for on of the thre