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DIMEV 2481
IMEV 1471
NIMEV 1471
In Bethlehem that fair city
A Christmas carol — four quatrains each ending with a Latin line, and burden: ‘To blys God bryng vs al & sum / Christe redemptor omnium
Subjects: carols, Nativity
Versification: — four-line — aaab
Macaronic: Latin



Manuscript Witnesses:
1.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Eng. poet. e.1 (SC 29734), f. 35v
First Lines:
In bedlem þat fayer cyte
was born a chyld þat was so fre…
Last Lines:
…Now to mak mery a mong vs
Exultet celum laudibus
Editions:
Greene, Richard Leighton. The Early English Carols. Oxford: Clarendon, 1935; 2nd ed., rev., Oxford: Clarendon, 1977: 14-16; 1977, 10-11.
Wright, Thomas, ed. Songs and Carols from a manuscript…of the Fifteenth Century. Percy Society 23. London: Richards, 1847: 52-3.
Rickert, Edith, ed. Ancient English Christmas Carols. London: Chatto & Windus, 1910: 50, 183-4.
2.Source: Oxford, Balliol College 354, p. 4661
First Lines:
In Bedlem in that fayer cite
A chyld was born of owr Lady…
Last Lines:
…Be all mery in thys howse
Exvltet celum lavdibus
Explicit
Note: 5 stanzas.
Facsimiles:
Early Manuscripts at Oxford University: Facsimile of Oxford, Balliol MS 354. (http://image.ox.ac.uk/show?collection=balliol&manuscript=ms354).
Editions:
Greene, Richard Leighton. The Early English Carols. Oxford: Clarendon, 1935; 2nd ed., rev., Oxford: Clarendon, 1977: 14-16; 1977, 10.
Flügel, Ewald. “Englische Weihnachtslieder aus einter Handschrift des Balliol College zu Oxford.” Forschungen zur deutschen Philologie. Festgabe für Rudolf Hildebrands. Leipzig: Deit, 1894: 52-84: 67.
Flügel, Ewald. “Liedersammlungen des XVI Jahrhunderts….” Anglia 26 (1903): 94-285: 239.
Dyboski, R., ed. Songs, Carols and Other Miscellaneous Poems from Balliol MS. 354, Richard Hill’s Commonplace Book. EETS e.s. 101 (1908); repr. 1984: 12.
Greene, Richard Leighton, ed. A Selection of English Carols. Clarendon Medieval and Tudor Series. Oxford: Clarendon, 1962: 61.
3.Source: Oxford, Lincoln College Lat. 141, f. 3
First Lines:
In bedleem in þat fayre cyte
A chyld was borne of owre lady…
Last Lines:
…hym to serwe god gif vs grace
O lux beata trinitas
Note: Three stanzas.
Editions:
Palti, Kathleen. “An Unpublished Fifteenth-Century Carol Collection: Oxford, Lincoln College MS Lat. 141.” Medium Aevum. 77 (2008): 260-78: 266.
4.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Ee.1.12, f. 3
First Lines:
In bethelem that fayre cite
Borne was thys chylde so fayere fre…
Last Lines:
…for owr synys cry we all mercy
Jesu saluator seculi
Note: Burden varies: ‘Synge we now both all and sum / criste Redemtor omnium’.
Editions:
Greene, Richard Leighton. The Early English Carols. Oxford: Clarendon, 1935; 2nd ed., rev., Oxford: Clarendon, 1977: 14-16; 1977, 11.
5.Source: Cambridge UK, Trinity College O.3.58 (1230), no. 6 (on a roll)
First Lines:
In bedleem in þat fayr cete
A child was born of a madyn fre…
Last Lines:
…Make we mery a mongys vs
Exultet celum laudibus
Note: Variant burden: ‘Nowel syng we now al & sum / ffor rex pacificus is cum’.
Editions:
Greene, Richard Leighton. The Early English Carols. Oxford: Clarendon, 1935; 2nd ed., rev., Oxford: Clarendon, 1977: 14-16; 1977, 11.
Fuller-Maitland, John Alexander, and William Smyth Rockstro. English Carols of the Fifteenth Century. London: Leadenhall Press; New York: Scribner’s, 1891: 13.
Chambers, Edmund Kerchever, and Frank Sidgwick. Early English Lyrics…. London: Buller, 1907, 1911 et seq: 138.
Stevens, John, ed. Mediaeval Carols. Musica Britannica 4. London: Stainer and Bell, 1952, 2nd ed. 1958: 5.
Terry, Sir Richard Runciman, ed. A Medieval Carol Book. London: Curwen, 1931: 49.
Nettel, Reginald, ed. Carols, 1400-1950. Bedford: G. Fraser, 1956: no. 7.
6.Source: London, British Library Addit. 31042 [London Thornton Manuscript], f. 94v
First Lines:
In Bathelem in that fare sete
Jesus wsa borne of Mare fre…
Last Lines:

For he ys prens…
Note: Variant burden (Exultet celum laudibus), st. 1, lns. 1-2 and begining of another stanza only.
Facsimiles:
Hodder, Karen. “Two Unpublished Middle English Carol-Fragments.” Archiv für das Studium der neueren Sprachen und Literaturen 205 (1969): 378-83.
Editions:
Hodder, Karen. “Two Unpublished Middle English Carol-Fragments.” Archiv für das Studium der neueren Sprachen und Literaturen 205 (1969): 378-83: 378.
Greene, Richard Leighton. The Early English Carols. Oxford: Clarendon, 1935; 2nd ed., rev., Oxford: Clarendon, 1977 (see also Greene (1935)): 11.