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The Digital Index of Middle English Verse
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DIMEV 2039
IMEV 1226
NIMEV 1226
Holly beareth berries red enough
Holly against Ivy — four monorhyming quatrains and burden: ‘Nay nay ive it may not be iwis / For holy must haue the mastry as the maner is’
Subjects: carols, holy and ivy
Versification: — four-line, two-line — aaaa, aa



Manuscript Witnesses:
1.Source: Oxford, Balliol College 354, pp. 5092-510
First Lines:
Holy berith beris beris rede ynowgh
Þe tyrtyll thristilcok þe popyngay dance in euery bowgh…
Last Lines:
…With a payre of kybid helis cawght with cold
So wold I þat euery man had þat with yvy will hold
Explicit
Facsimiles:
Early Manuscripts at Oxford University: Facsimile of Oxford, Balliol MS 354. (http://image.ox.ac.uk/show?collection=balliol&manuscript=ms354).
Editions:
Flügel, Ewald. “Englische Weihnachtslieder aus einter Handschrift des Balliol College zu Oxford.” Forschungen zur deutschen Philologie. Festgabe für Rudolf Hildebrands. Leipzig: Deit, 1894: 52-84: 83.
Flügel, Ewald. “Liedersammlungen des XVI Jahrhunderts….” Anglia 26 (1903): 94-285: 279-80.
Dyboski, R., ed. Songs, Carols and Other Miscellaneous Poems from Balliol MS. 354, Richard Hill’s Commonplace Book. EETS e.s. 101 (1908); repr. 1984: 189-90.
Rickert, Edith, ed. Ancient English Christmas Carols. London: Chatto & Windus, 1910: 264-6.
Chambers, Edmund Kerchever, and Frank Sidgwick. Early English Lyrics…. London: Buller, 1907, 1911 et seq: 239-40.
Greene, Richard Leighton. The Early English Carols. Oxford: Clarendon, 1935; 2nd ed., rev., Oxford: Clarendon, 1977: 93-4; 1977, 82-3.
Mason, Harold Andrew. Humanism and Poetry in the Early Tudor Period. London: Routledge and Paul, 1959: 154.
Greene, Richard Leighton, ed. A Selection of English Carols. Clarendon Medieval and Tudor Series. Oxford: Clarendon, 1962: 93, 92.
Davies, Reginald Thorne. Medieval English Lyrics: a critical anthology. London, 1963; Evanston, IL: Northwestern UP, 1964: 280.
Speirs, John. Medieval English Poetry: the non-Chaucerian Tradition. London: Faber, 1957: 85-6.
2.Source: London, British Library Harley 5396, f. 275v
First Lines:
Holy stond in the hall fayre to behold
Iuy stond without the dore she ys ful sore a cold…
Last Lines:
…Gode iuy what byrdys ast thou
Non but the howlat that kreye how how
Note: 7 couplets.
Attributed Title: A Song on the Ivy & the Holly (later hand)
Editions:
Ritson, Joseph, ed. Ancient Songs from the Time of King Henry the Third to the Revolution. London, 1790. Further editions as Ritson, Joseph, ed. Ancient Songs and Ballads from the Reign of King Henry the Second to the Revolution. 2 vols. London, 1829; re-ed. William Carew Hazlitt London, 1877: 74; 1829, 1.132-3; 1877,114.
Sandys, William, ed. Christmas Carols, Ancient and Modern. London: Richard Beckley, 1833: 1.
Brand, John. Observations on the Popular Antiquities of Great Britain. London: G. Bell, 1849; rev. ed., Sir Henry Ellis 3 vols. London: Bohn, 1849.
Hotten, John Camden, (alias Joshua Sylvester). A Garland of Christmas Carols, Ancient and Modern. London, 1861 [listed as “Sylvester” in IMEV]: 144.
Bullen, Arthur Henry. Carols and Poems from the fifteenth century to the present time. London, 1866, repr. as Songs and Carols. London: John C. Nimmo, 1885 London: John C. Nimmo, 1885: 68.
Husk, William Henry. Songs of the Nativity. London, 1867: 131.
Hotten, John Camden, (alias Joshua Sylvester). Christmas Carols and Ballads. London, 1874 [listed as “Sylvester” in IMEV]: 160.
Arber, Edward. The Dunbar Anthology, 1401-1508. London, New York: Frowde, 1901: 145.
Dyboski, R., ed. Songs, Carols and Other Miscellaneous Poems from Balliol MS. 354, Richard Hill’s Commonplace Book. EETS e.s. 101 (1908); repr. 1984: 116.
Rickert, Edith, ed. Ancient English Christmas Carols. London: Chatto & Windus, 1910: 93, 92.
Davies, Reginald Thorne. Medieval English Lyrics: a critical anthology. London, 1963; Evanston, IL: Northwestern UP, 1964: 175.
Sisam, Celia, and Kenneth Sisam, eds. The Oxford Book of Medieval English Verse. Oxford: Clarendon, 1970: 451.



Print Witnesses:
1.Source: STC 5204.5. Christmas Carolles, [R. Copland f.] R. Kele, [1545?]