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ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
DIMEV 1904
IMEV 1168
NIMEV 1168
He that whilom did his diligence
John Lydgate, Fall of Princes — 36365 lines in the complete text, in rhyme royal and 8-line stanzas (ababbcbc)
Note: See also 1108, 2669, 2749, 4097, 4289, 4905, 5581, 3538.5, 5862, 6367.
Author(s): John Lydgate
Title(s): Fall of Princes
Subjects: Fortune; advice, to princes
Versification: — seven-line, eight-line — ababbcc, ababbcbc
Bibliographic Ghosts: Cambridge UK, St John’s College K.30 (233), f. 94; Oxford, Bodleian Library e Musaeo 181 (SC 3556) ; London, British Library Harley 2202: see 4289.



Manuscript Witnesses:
1.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Arch. Selden. B. 10 (SC 3356), f. 200; 202
Note: Copied from Lydgate, John, The prouerbes of Lydgate, de Worde, [1510?] ; extract only.
2.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Ashmole 59 (SC 6943), ff. 13-16v; 28v-29v; 59r-v; 183-183v
First Lines:
Rome Remembre of þy fundacoun
And of what people þou toke þy gynnyng
þy bylding gane of fals discencoun
Of slaughtre of murdre and of gret robbing…
Last Lines:
…Now was she mannysshe now was she ffemynyne
Now coude she rayne now koude she falsly shyne
Note: 29 stanzas on folios 13-16v, 11 stanzas of folios 28v-29v, 31 lines on folio 59, and 9 stanzas on folio 183.
Attributed Author: Lenvoye by Lidegate (f. 15); Tragedye made by Lidegate (RT, f. 59)
Attributed Title: þe Tragedye of Rome by Lidegate (f. 13); Here foloweþe a balade by a gode Clerk made þat is cleped presbiter Johannes to advertyse þe hye prynces þat haue þe power of þe pepul to govrne hem & counsel and vertue (f. 28)
3.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Bodley 263 (SC 2440), pp. 1-447
First Lines:
HE that whilom dede his dilligence
The book of bochas in frensh to translate…
Last Lines:
…Now on the wheel now set in louh degre
Who wil encrece bi vertu must Ascende
Editions:
Bergen, Henry, ed. Lydgate’s Fall of Princes. Washington, D.C.: Carnegie Institute, 1923.
Bergen, Henry, ed. Lydgate’s Fall of Princes. 4 vols. EETS e.s. 121-24 (1924-27); repr. 1967: cxxi.
Hammond, Eleanor Prescott. “Poet and Patron in the Fall of Princes: Lydgate and Humphrey of Gloucester.” Anglia 38 (1914): 121-36: 129-34 (Envoy to Bk III, ch. 8).
Gray, Douglas. The Oxford Book of Late Medieval Verse and Prose. Oxford: Clarendon, 1985: 64-8 (‘Complaint of Canace’ only).
4.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Digby 181 (SC 1782), ff. 52-53v
First Lines:
All though so be in euery maner Age
ffolkis been dyuers of Condicions…
Last Lines:
…Bothe circumspect not hasty but prudent
And yeuyth no credence without auysement
Note: 19 stanzas
Attributed Title: Where Bochas repreuyth hem þat yeue hasti credence to euery report or tale (f. 52)
5.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Hatton 2 (SC 4130) [olim Hatton 105], ff. 4-168v
First Lines:
HE that whilom did his diligence
The book of Bochas in frenssh…
Last Lines:
…Now on the wheel now set in lowe degre
Who list encrece be vertu must ascende
Note: 19 stanzas.
6.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library e Musaeo 1 (SC 3681), ff. 1ra-43v
First Lines:
He that sumtyme dude his diligens
The boke of bochas in englissh to translate…
Last Lines:
…The ffame arose hou al that regioun
By hur falcenesse stood at dyuysioun
Note: Ends imperfectly.
7.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Rawlinson C.448 (SC 12299), ff. 1ra-186ra
First Lines:
HE that some tyme dyd his delygence
The boke of Bochas in frensh to translate…
Last Lines:
…Nowe on the wheell now sett In low[ ]
Who will encrese by vertu must assen[ ]
Note: Preceded by table of contents; only a fragment of f. 185 survives; at the end: ‘ffinis totius libri’.
8.Source: Oxford, Balliol College 329, ff. 127-171r
First Lines:
…SOdeyn departyng oute of þis felicite
In to miserie & mortal heuenesse…
Last Lines:
…Now oon þe whele now sette in louh degre
Who wyll encrese bi vertu most ascende
Note: Begins I.967.
9.Source: Oxford, Corpus Christi College 242, ff. 1ra-160vb
First Lines:
…It is remembrid of his worthynes
Whil þat he was flouryng in yong age…
Last Lines:
…his victories his Marciall Renouns
Radde & Remembrid in dyuers Regiouns
Note: Missing one leaf at beginning and imperfect at end.
10.Source: Cambridge UK, Fitzwilliam Museum McClean 182 [olim Ashburnham 134], ff. 11-11v
First Lines:
This tregedie of duke Pompey
Declarith in grece þe chefe occasion
Whi he and Cesar began first warry
Eche a geyne oþir þorowe wenynge ambision…
Last Lines:
…I mene clere warnynge to yow and euery wiȝt
No cleyme is worthe with oute titill of riȝt
Note: Extract of four rhyme royal stanzas only.
11.Source: Cambridge UK, Fitzwilliam Museum McClean 182 [olim Ashburnham 134], ff. 49v-51
First Lines:
Philosofers conclude and deuise
In there bokes how good experience
That counseilours sad experte and wise
Trewe of þer worde stabill of there sentence…
Last Lines:
…And hastie rigowre dothe owtragious damage
Whan humble requeste yowre yre may not a swage
Note: Extract from Lydgate’s Fall of Princes 20 x RR; preceding text ends on f. 49, ‘Explicit’ and this begins with decorated initial, so treated as separate work.
12.Source: Cambridge UK, Fitzwilliam Museum McClean 182 [olim Ashburnham 134], ff. 51v-52v
First Lines:
Princes considere in euery age
ffolkis bene diuerse of there condicion
To pley and turne and change in þer corage
¡it is þere none to myne opinion…
Last Lines:
…Holde vp the balaunce of dome in youre manhede
That lawe in Iuges be not coruptid with mede
Note: Extract from Lydgate’s Fall of Princes14 x RR, preceding text ends on f. 51, ‘Explicit’ and this begins with decorated initial, so treated as separate work.
13.Source: Cambridge UK, Magdalene College Pepys 2011, ff. 77-78
First Lines:
O noble prynces off hige discressioun
Sithe in this worlde ys none abydynge…
Last Lines:
…lyke to Syrennes with voyse Melodious
Anoynt youre Eres to make you lecherous
Note: Book II, lines 4586-4592 and Book III, 1569-1582 and 1590-1638.
Attributed Title: A lenvoye to all prynces that be disposed to be lecherous (f. 77); Explicit desolacioun of Rome (f. 78)
Editions:
Edwards, A. S. G. “Lydgate’s “Fall of Princes”: unrecorded readings.” Notes & Queries 16 (1969): 170-1.
Edwards, A. S. G. “Selections from Lydgate’s Fall of Princes: a Checklist.” The Library 5th ser. vol. 26 (1971): 337-42.
14.Source: London, British Library Sloane 4031, ff. 1-190
15.Source: Cambridge UK, Trinity College R.3.20 (600), pp. 368-370
First Lines:
Þis Tragedye gyveþe a gret warnyng
By clere ensaumples of manyfolde resoun…
Last Lines:
…Lyche to Syryns with voyce melodyous
Blaundisshe youre erys to make yowe lechcherous
Note: Extract (Book III, c. 4); 10 stanzas only.
Attributed Title: Loo here my lordes begynneþe a balade ryal nowe late made by daun Johan Lydegate þe Munk of Bury ymagyned by him with in þe tyme of his translacion of Bocas by þe commandement of my lord of Gloucestre (p. 368); Balade of Bochas (RT).
16.Source: London, British Library Addit. 21410, ff. 1-168
First Lines:
[B]e discending of a sodeine leuene
Wher throuȝ here place was into asshes brent…
Last Lines:
…Now on the whell now sette in lowe degre
Who list encres by vertu must ascende
Note: Begins imperfectly at Bk. I, ch. 8, stanza 63.
17.Source: London, British Library Addit. 29729, ff. 169v-170v
First Lines:
this tragedye gyueth a gret varnynge
by clere ensampelles of manyfould resoun…
Last Lines:
…lych ten syryns with voyce melodyus
blaundishe your erys to make youe lecherus
Note: Ends ‘ffynis’ (f. 170v).
Attributed Author: dane Iohn lydgate þe munke of bury (f. 169v)
Attributed Title: Loo here my lordes begynneth a balade ryall now late made by dane Iohn lydgate þe munke of bury ymagyned by him with in þe tyme of his translation of bocus by þe commaundement of my lord of glocester (f. 169v)
18.Source: London, British Library Addit. 39659, ff. 1-185
First Lines:
He that whilom dide his dilligence
The book of Bochas in frenssh to translate…
Last Lines:
…Go forth I praye excuse thi self & me
Who lovith most vertu hihest shal ascende
Attributed Title: Incipit Liber Bochasii casu Principum (f. 1, rubricated). Final stanza of the ‘Wordis of the translatour vnto his book’ is missing.
19.Source: London, British Library Harley 172, ff. 1*-1*v
First Lines:
…[A]lle thow o be in euery manyer age
[ ]folkys [ ] dyuerse of condicions…
Last Lines:
…Of corages in highe or lowe degre
So ys ther trewly a grete dyuersitee…
Note: Fragment, a single leaf written both sides.
20.Source: London, British Library Harley 367, ff. 83v-86
First Lines:
Rome Remember of thy foundation
and of what people thow toke begenninge…
Last Lines:
…let the states of theyr birthe honorable
voyde all Rascall and wedden theyr semplable
Note: Written by the hand of John Stow.
Attributed Title: The tragedy of Rome (by scribe, John Stow, f. 83v)
21.Source: London, British Library Harley 1245, ff. 1-184
22.Source: London, British Library Harley 1766, ff. 1-265v
First Lines:
This famous werk to putte in Remembraunce
The sodeyn Chaunge tretyng of many Estat…
Last Lines:
…Now on the wheel now set in lowh degre
Whoo wyl encrese by vertu must ascende Explicit
Editions:
Sisam, Celia, and Kenneth Sisam, eds. The Oxford Book of Medieval English Verse. Oxford: Clarendon, 1970: 399-402.
23.Source: London, British Library Harley 2251, ff. 81v-125v; 126-143; 143-145v
First Lines:
SOdeyne departyng from this felicyte
In to myserye and mortal hevynesse… [f. 81v]
BVt whan that Bochas cast his booke aside
Sole in his studye as he sat writynge… [f. 126]
O thow pouert meke hymble and debonayre
Whiche ay that keepest the lawes of nature… [f. 143v]
Last Lines:
…To sende yow myght grace and prosperte
Euere in vertu to encrese and ascende [f. 125v]
…To grucche or froune whan the trawth is lerned
Though ther be som that be wele gouerned [f. 143]
…There is more trust in vertuous symplesse
Thanne in presumyng in vicious false Richesse [f. 145v]
Note: According to Dixon (1995), pp. 392-6, the extracts are as follows: I.967-1001; I.904-64; IX.2370-2433; I.1380-6; I.1394-1400; I.1338-78; I.1520-33; 1.1814-25; I.1830-41; I.2050-70; I.3102-29; I.3816-43; 1.4215-37; I.4240-2; I.4551-7; I.5503-9; I.5517-23; I.5524-30; I.5538-51; I.6301-35; I.7050-70; II.778-805; II.512-625; II.1429-63; II.1863-76; II.1429-63; II.1884-95; II.2171-84; II.2192-8; II.2185-91; II.2199-2233; II.2346-66; II.2374-2464; II.2472-8; II.2486-2520; II.2521-7; II.2234-8; II.2528-48; II.2934-61; II.3326-46; II.3536-56; II.3697-3731; II.3935-55; II.4222-63; II.4404-59; III.1569-1638; III.2164-70; III.2178-91; III.2199-2205; III.3683-3717; III.4019-32; III.4040-6; III.4033-9; III.4047-60; III.3837-43; III.3851-71; II.4460-80; II.4488-4592; III.890-931; III.4208-35; III.5118-52; IV.638-86; IV.904-38; IV.1422-49; IV.1968-2002; IV.2297-2331; IV.2927-68; IV.3445-92; IV.3717-44; V.841-75; V.1590-1621; V.1846-85; V.2131-58; V.2509-36; V.3118-38; VI.1709-57; VII.775-95; I.2171-2338; VIII.3137-64; IX.1478-1512; IX.3022-56; IX.3589-3604; II.3347-3493; II.3494-3556; I.4845-4970; I.4705-4844; I.3788-94; I.3431-58; I.3522-35; I.3795-3801; I.4558-64; I.4572-92; I.4649-62; I.4971-84; I.5104-31; I.5195-5201; I.5510-16; I.5153-59; I.2822-8; I.2500-20; I.1807-13; I.4719-25; I.6511-45; I.6553-87; I.6595-6601; III.2465-71; I.2843-9; I.6644-71; I.6679-6706; I.6623-9; I.6616-22; I.6609-15; I.4488-94; I.4663-76; I.6336-56; I.6371-7; I.6490-6; I.6427-68; I.6504-6510; I.6707-13; I.6721-7; I.6126-6300.
24.Source: London, British Library Harley 2255, ff. 94v-95v
First Lines:
Myn auctour now Bochas writ no lenger processe
Of Iulius deth compleynyng but a whyle…
Last Lines:
…lyk a myrour of Contemplacioun
To folk that cast them in vertu to be stable
25.Source: London, British Library Harley 3486, ff. 1-177v
First Lines:
He þat whilome didd his diligeunce
Þe boke of bochas in fraynshe to translate…
Last Lines:
…In þat tym arblast nouther bow
Paraventur þat tym bot littil know
26.Source: London, British Library Harley 4011, ff. 1va-2vb
First Lines:
This tragedy geuyth us ful warnyng
how many a prince for þer foule leuyng…
Last Lines:
…lat this conceyte ay yn your hertis myne
By ensample of Rome how al goþe to Ruyne
Note: Extract, containing only the Envoy to Humphrey Duke of Gloucester and description of the ‘desolacyon’ of Rome, in that order.
Attributed Author: Quod Willelmus Woodeward (rubric after last line, f. 2vb)
Attributed Title: Lenvoye to humfray late Duke of Glowceter whome god assoyle (rubric, f. 1vb); The desolacyon of Rome made by lydgate in Balade wise (rubric, f. 2ra)
27.Source: London, British Library Harley 4197, ff. 1-163
Note: A few lines wanting at end.
28.Source: London, British Library Harley 4203, ff. 1-181
29.Source: London, British Library Lansdowne 699, ff. 51-66v; 91v-94v
First Lines:
WAs evir prince myht hym silff assure
Off fortune the sauour to restreyne…
Last Lines:
…There hih noblesse whil attemperaunce
With hir thre sustren hadde ther gouernaunce
Note: Extracts from The Fall of Princes about King Arthur, Constantine, and the ‘golden worlde’.
Attributed Title: Incipit Arthurus conquestorum (f. 50v)
30.Source: London, British Library Royal 18 B.XXXI, ff. 1-216
31.Source: London, British Library Royal 18 D.IV, ff. 1-168
First Lines:
HE that whilom dede his diligence
The book of bochas in french to translate…
Last Lines:
…Now on the wheel now sett in low degre
Who will encrese bi vertu most ascende
Note: Lines 372-420 on the Duke of Gloucester from this MS (f. 4) formerly 711; treated as is separate in editions listed below. Decorated with ornate borders and coat of arms.
Editions:
Turner, Sharon. History of England from the Norman Conquest to the Accession of Edward the First…from the Accession of Edward the First to the Death of Henry V…comprising the Reigns of Henry VI, Edward IV, Edward V, Richard III and Henry VII. 3 vols. London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme and Brown, 1814, 1815, 1823; many editions: 3.155 (lines 372-420 only).
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. The Babees Book, etc. EETS o.s. 32 (1868); rev. ed. Early English Meals and Manners London: Trübner, 1876; repr. 1973: lxxxv-vi (rev.ed.; lines 372-420 only).
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. The Boke of Norture, by John Russell, ab. 1460-70 A.D. Roxburghe Club 87. Bungay: J. Childs and Son, 1867: xv-xvi (lines 372-420 only).
32.Source: London, British Library Royal 18 D.V, ff. 1-217
Editions:
Hammond, Eleanor Prescott. “Poet and Patron in the Fall of Princes: Lydgate and Humphrey of Gloucester.” Anglia 38 (1914): 121-36: 129-34 (Prologue to Bk III).
33.Source: London, British Library Sloane 2452, ff. 1-8v
First Lines:
…He fond no maner wheron he myght sownd
Nor sette his foote be non auctorite…
Last Lines:
…So as she myght gan hast out off his siht
But weyllaway as she took hir to flyght
Note: Fragment: single quire, 1.1023-2100; probably to be identified as missing second quire of San Marino, CA, Henry Huntington Library HM 268 [olim Ecton Hall] copy.
34.Source: London, British Library Sloane 4031, ff. 1-190
35.Source: Belvoir Castle, Duke of Rutland Fall of Princes MS, ff. 1-178v
First Lines:
HE that whilom did his diligence
The boke of Bochas in frensche to translate…
Last Lines:
…Now on the wheel nowe set in lowe degre
Who will encrece b[ ] must ascende
Note: 36,316 lines.
Attributed Title: ffinis tocius libri quod Boch[as] (f. 178v)
36.Source: Edinburgh, National Library of Scotland , Gaelic 37, p. 184
First Lines:
…Quhen sche It knew sche maid no tarying
bot Plane and hole sche gane It to declayr Suche doubil trust þer is in veping
Suche weping wyffis ewill mot þai fair…
Last Lines:
…In sted of blew quhiche stedfast is and clene Sche louit changeus of mony diuerse grene
Note: Two stanzas rhyme royal extracted from the story of Samsoun.
37.Source: Glasgow, Glasgow University Library Hunterian 5 (S.1.5), ff. 1ra-211ra
First Lines:
…As they had of ffortune the maystry
Her enchaunted with theire potacions…
Last Lines:
…Now on þe whele now set in lowe degre
Who will encrese by vertu most ascende
Note: Missing one leaf at beginning.
Attributed Title: Here endith the Boke of John Bochas of the fall of princes (f. 211ra)
38.Source: London, Lambeth Palace Library 256, ff. 1-180
First Lines:
…Yit of his mercy and beneuolence
Withoute vengeaunce rigour or disdein…
Last Lines:
…Now on the whele now set in lowe degre
Who will encrece be vertu must Ascende
Note: Missing one leaf at beginning.
Attributed Author: ffinis libri Bochasij (f. 179v); ffinis tocius libri / Of your charite pray for the writer of this book (f. 180)
39.Source: Longleat, Marquess of Bath MS 254, ff. 1-185
40.Source: Manchester, John Rylands Library Eng. 2 [olim Osterley Park], ff. 1ra-184ra
First Lines:
HE that sumtyme dide his diligence
The book of Bochas in frenssh to translate…
Last Lines:
…Now on the wheel now set on lowe degre
Who will encrece by vertue must ascende
Note: Copy text for STC 3175; text ends f. 183rb, then envoy of 5 stanzas (183rb-183va), closing of ‘Bochas’, (8 stanzas, 183va-184ra), words of the translator (5 stanzas, 183vb-184ra) and final envoy (=855).
Attributed Title: Here begynneth the book callyd 1 Bochas descriuyng the falle of Pryncys pryncessys and othir nobles translatid in to Inglissh bi John Ludgate Monke of the Monastery of seynt Edmundes Bury atte commaundemet of the worthi prynce hymfrey duk of Gloucestre begynnyg at Adam & endyng wt kyng John taken prisoner in ffraunce bi Prynce Edward (rubric; f. 1ra).
41.Source: Berkeley, University of California 75 [olim Phillipps 8118; olim Bodmer; olim John Gribbel, Philadelphia; sold Sotheby’s 4 Dec. 1962, lot 131], ff. 1-206
42.Source: Chicago, IL, University of Chicago Library 565 [olim Phillipps 4255], ff. 1-278
Note: Missing lines 1-65 of Prologue and ends imperfectly.
43.Source: Chicago, IL, Newberry Library +33.3 [olim Rosenbach 475; olim Louis H. Silver 4], ff. 1ra-201rb
First Lines:
He þat did some tyme his besi diligence
The boke of Bokas in frensh to translate…
Last Lines:
…[ ] lowe degre
[ ]crese [ ]tu [ ] ascende
Note: Last few leaves damaged by damp, with text in last stanza mostly obliterated.
Attributed Title: Explicit Liber Bochacii (f. 201rb)
44.Source: New York, Columbia University Library Plimpton 255, ff. 1ra-54vb
First Lines:
…Aftir Narcisus was a tewelle went
And to John Bochas declarid had his woe…
Last Lines:
…Of Andromedus the surfettis shewing
That ye be grace may haue a good endyng…
Note: Begins imperfectly at Book I, ch. xv, stanza 19.
45.Source: New York, Pierpont Morgan Library M124 [olim Lee], ff. 1ra-185vb
First Lines:
HE that whilom did hys diligence
The booke of Bochas in frenssh to translate…
Last Lines:
…fortunes wheele by reuolucion
dooth oon clymbe vp an other to [ ]
Note: Added stanza as colophon, f. 185vb:
Noble Prynces [ ]ll all the[ ] thinges
paised of res[ ] of [ ]yis þre and see…
…maugre fortunes mutabilitie
Ye shall to god [ ].
46.Source: New York, Pierpont Morgan Library M4, ff. 74v-75v
First Lines:
Noble prynces of highe discressioun
Sith in this worlde ys none abydynge…
Last Lines:
…Hathe thurgh false lustes aforne manasyd
By sleight of women derked and defacyd
Note: Envoy only, with heading, ‘A lenvoye to all prynces and lordes / that be dysposyd to be lecherous’ (f. 74); 11 x RR.
47.Source: Philadelphia, Philadelphia Free Library 15/487 [olim Lewis 314], ff. 1ra-1vb
First Lines:
…For they were gone out so fer a stray
So disseuerid he ne coude hem mere…
Last Lines:
…That I neuer by non conspiracie
Wrouȝt or compassed agein his regalie…
Note: Part of New York, Columbia University Library Plimpton 255 = folio 42; begins Book II, second verse
one leaf only; 32 stanzas RR.
48.Source: Philadelphia, Rosenbach Museum and Library 439/16 [olim Phillipps 4254], ff. 1ra-213vb
First Lines:
HE that whilom did his diligence
The book of Bochas in french to translatt…
Last Lines:
…Whan two tyrauntis be bothe of one assent
With [multitude?] to accomplissh there entent
Note: Ends imperfectly at bottom of page.
49.Source: Princeton, Princeton University Library Garrett 139 [olim Phillipps 8117], ff. 1ra-210ra
First Lines:
HE þat whilom dide his diligence
The boke of Bochas in frensh to translate…
Last Lines:
…Now on þe whele now set in lowe degre
Who will encres be vertu most ascende
Note: Pages numbered 1-419; seems by content to end incomplete, but space left for further text on this column and next, and blank page that follows.
50.Source: Princeton, Princeton University Library Taylor Medieval 2 [olim Wollaton Hall, Quaritch Cat. 1931, item 100 and Cat. 699, 1952, item 28], ff. 1ra-223va
First Lines:
HE that whil [ ] his diligenc[e]
The book of Bochas in frensch to translate
Out of latyn he callid was laurence…
Last Lines:
…Now on þe whele nowe sete on low degre
Who will encresse by vertu mooste ascende
Note: Includes envoy.
51.Source: San Marino, CA, Henry Huntington Library HM 268 [olim Ecton Hall], ff. 1-158v
First Lines:
…This sciences were called liberal
Only of fredam ffraunchise & liberte…
Last Lines:
…Of Intrusioun began first this quarelle
Ageyn Romeyns when that he gan rebelle…
Note: Begins imperfectly at 1.4257 due to four quires missing at front of volume; and missing several further quires and folia; Second missing quire at front probably to be identified as London, British Library Sloane 2452 (see Edwards (1972)).
52.Source: Urbana, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign 84, ff. 1ra-386vb
First Lines:
…And to prynces for they be stable
ffor to come ful faste for alle grete astate…
Last Lines:
…With mortal suerde in nature repreuable
ageyne þe child ys ofte seyne vengable…
Note: Imperfect at beginning and end.
53.Source: Montreal, McGill University Library 143, ff. 1ra-4vb
First Lines:
…Al this thynges remembryd in certeyn…
Last Lines:
…Be rad and songe at feestys fvneral…
Note: Fragment: four non-consecutive folios from a single MS copy: Book V, lines 799-882; Book VII, lines 355-522; Book IX, lines 2434-2587; Book IX, lines 3225-3449; described Edwards (1974), 75-77.
54.Source: Victoria, B.C., University of Victoria Library Fall of Princes , ff. 1-122
55.Source: New Haven, Yale University, Beinecke Library, Takamiya Deposit 30 [olim John E. du Pont; olim John Hayward, sold Sotheby’s 11 July 1966, lot 225], ff. 1ra-10vb
First Lines:
HE that whilom did his diligence
The book of Bochas in frensh to translate…
Last Lines:
…ffor ther Princes supprised were with deede
Throuȝ lak of vitaill in that gret nede
Note: Fragment
56.Source: New Haven, Yale University, Beinecke Library, Takamiya Deposit 40 [olim Mostyn, olim Arthur Houghton 9; sold Christie’s, 14 June 1979, lot 295], ff. 1-255v
First Lines:
…Thys seyde Bochas auctoure of thys booke
Whych of storyes has grete intelligence
Som he leffte and some he tooke
Such as he leffte was of no neclygence…
Last Lines:
…By holde of fortune the mutabilite
How suddenly she made hem to discende
[ ] that ys written to oure doctryne
Note: Begins and ends imperfectly.
57.Source: New Haven, Yale University, Beinecke Library, Takamiya Deposit 78 [Quaritch Sale Cat. 1088, Lot 88?], ff. 1-1v
First Lines:
…Touching þis mordre odius forto here
whan þt oropastes ocupied in dede
þe croune of perse þe stori doþ vs lere
Ther was a prince ful notable & entere…
Last Lines:
…And forto put hem more in assurance
To haue victorie þuruȝ þer heiȝ renovn…
Note: Single leaf bearing lines 3.1717-1913.
58.Source: New Haven, Yale University, Beinecke Library, Takamiya Deposit 79 [olim Plimpton; olim Sotheby’s Sale 6 Dec. 1983, lot 20], ff. 1-1v
First Lines:
…PRinces Princessis seeth hou deceptorie
Ben all this worldli reuolucions…
Note: Single leaf bearing lines 1.4551-4774.
59.Source: Leiden, Leiden University Library Vossius Germ. Gall. Q.9, ff. 65v-80v; 104-106v
Note: Missing stanzas 1-20 of Prologue.
60.Source: Audley End, R. H. C. Neville olim Fall of Princes [Sotheby’s 8 July 1970, lot 98], ff. 1-147
61.Source: Untraced, Present whereabouts unknown Tregaskis Sale Cat., 1919, Fall of Princes fragment, 1 leaf
62.Source: Untraced, Present whereabouts unknown Maggs Sale Cat. 816 (1953), item 150, Fall of Princes fragment, 1 leaf
Note: 1 leaf from Bk III
63.Source: Untraced, Present whereabouts unknown Sotheby’s 6 Dec. 1983, lot 20, Fall of Princes fragment, 1 leaf
64.Source: Untraced, Present whereabouts unknown Sotheby’s 5 April 1976, lot 623, Fall of Princes fragment
Note: A copy made in 1817 by Philip Absolom.



Print Witnesses:
1.Source: STC 3175. Here begynnethe the boke calledde Iohn bochas descriuinge the falle of princis princessis [and] other nobles tra[n]slated i[n]to englissh by Iohn ludgate mo[n]ke of the monastery of seint edmu[n]des Bury…, [London: Printed by Richard Pynson, 1494 (27 Jan.)] , sigs. a.ii-H.iii
First Lines:
hE that sumtyme dide his diligence
The boke of Bochas in french to translate…
Last Lines:
…Nowe on the whele nowe set on lowe degre
who wyll encres by vertue must ascende
Note: Extracts [for details of the contents see The Library, 5s. XXVI. 337-42]; copy text was Rylands Eng. 2 of 1168.
Attributed Title: Here begynnethe the boke calledde John bochas descriuinge the falle of princis princessis & other nobles translatid into enlissh by John Ludgate monke of the monastery of seint edmundes Bury at the commaundement of the worthy prynce humfrey duke of gloucestre beginnynge at adam & endinge with kinge iohn take prisoner in fraunce by prince Edwarde (sig. a.ii); Here endith a compendious tretise and dyalogue of John Bochas: fructuously tretinge vpon the fall of Pryncys Princessys and other nobles finysshed the xxvii day of Ianyuere In the yere of oure lord god M CCCC lxxxviiii. Emprentyd by Richard Pynson dwellynge withoute the Temple barre of London. Laus Deo (sig. H.iii).
2.Source: STC 17026. Lydgate, John, The prouerbes of Lydgate, de Worde, [1510?]