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The Digital Index of Middle English Verse
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
DIMEV 1867
IMEV 1151
NIMEV 1151
He that in youth no virtue used / In age all honor him refused
A proverb — one couplet, here isolated, also found incorporated into longer texts
Note: See 513, 1866, 2988, 5530 (lines 3-4,TCC), 6137, and 6647; cf. Tilley (1950), Y 37; Ringler Jr. (1992),TM 540.
Subjects: proverbs
Versification: — two-line — aa



Manuscript Witnesses:
1.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Ashmole 1146 (SC 8212), f. 76v
Transcription:
He that in youth noe vertue will learne
goe like a lubber and throshe in the bearue
Note: Variant.
2.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Bodley 9 (SC 1851), f. 99
Transcription:
Who þat in ȝoute no vertue vseþ
In age al honour hym refuseþ
Editions:
Schleich, Gustav, ed. “Die sprichwörter Hendings und die Prouerbis of Wisdom.” Anglia 51 (1927): 220-77: 221.
3.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Hatton 51 (SC 4099), f. 115rb
Transcription:
He that in yowthe no vert ssyll vse
in age all honer will hym refuse
Note: Written early sixteenth century below ownership inscription of Harry Fawkener (see 2700.5, and fragment of this couplet written again on fol. 115rb, in left margin on fols. 168v and 179v.
4.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Laud misc. 656 (SC 1059), f. 115rb
Transcription:
he that In yowught no vertu wytt vse
In age all honur wyll hem refuse & [ ]
Note: Cropped, probably ends ‘& cetera’.
5.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Rawlinson C.86 (SC 11951), f. 31r4
Transcription:
Who so in youthe no vertu vsith
In age all honour him refusith
Note: Formerly listed as part of 6137.
6.Source: Oxford, Balliol College 354, p. 4462
Transcription:
He þat in yowth no vertu will use
In age all honour shall Refuce
Note: Immediately preceded by 2988.
Facsimiles:
Early Manuscripts at Oxford University: Facsimile of Oxford, Balliol MS 354. (http://image.ox.ac.uk/show?collection=balliol&manuscript=ms354).
Editions:
Flügel, Ewald. “Liedersammlungen des XVI Jahrhunderts….” Anglia 26 (1903): 94-285: 225.
7.Source: Oxford, Trinity College 49, f. 139v
Note: Variant.
Editions:
Coxe, Henry Octavius. Catalogus codicum mss. qui in collegiis aulisque oxoniensibus…. Oxon: e Typographeo academico, 1852: 20, rpr. Robbins (1955)254.
Manly, John Matthews, and Edith Rickert, eds. The Text of the Canterbury Tales studied on the basis of all known manuscripts. 8 vols. Chicago: University of Chicago, 1940: 1.540.
8.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Ff.5.30, f. 167
Transcription:
He þat in yuthe no vertu will vse
In age all honor will hym refues
Note: Variant.
9.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Ff.5.30, f. 167
Transcription:
He that in yought no vertu will vse
In age all honor will hem refuyse
Note: Second copy on this page; added end flyleaf, sixteenth-century hand.
10.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Gg.2.8, f. 2
Transcription:
he that in yowthe no uertu wyll yowes
in aege all honor shall hym refuse
Note: Upside-down.
Editions:
Robbins, Rossell Hope, ed. Secular Lyrics of the XIV and XV Centuries. 2nd ed. Oxford: Clarendon, 1955: 81, xxxxii.
Luria, Maxwell Sidney, and Richard L. Hoffman, eds. Middle English Lyrics. New York: Norton, 1974: 121.
11.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Kk.1.5, Part V, f. 2
Transcription:
h quha þat in ȝewith n[ ] wssat
In old all honor [ ]
Note: Cropped right edge; added by later hand to lower margin.
12.Source: Cambridge UK, Gonville & Caius College 433/432, f. ii
Transcription:
He that in yought no vertue will use
in age all goodnes will hym refuse
Note: Folio unnumbered: second vellum flyleaf.
13.Source: London, British Library Royal 17 D.VI, f. 150v
14.Source: London, British Library Royal 17 D.XVIII, f. 99v
Transcription:
He that in yought to no vertew himselfe applieth
In age to amende him badd costome deniethe
Note: Sixteenth century. Added to lower margin after end of Hoccleve’s Regiment of Princes (3581).
Editions:
Robbins, Rossell Hope, ed. Secular Lyrics of the XIV and XV Centuries. 2nd ed. Oxford: Clarendon, 1955: 254.
15.Source: Durham, Durham University Library Cosin V.iii.9, f. 46
Transcription:
he that in youth no vertu will vse all
Note: Incomplete; added to right margin by later hand.
Facsimiles:
Burrow, John, and A. I. Doyle, eds. Thomas Hoccleve: A Facsimile of the Autograph Verse Manuscripts. EETS s.s. 19 (2002).
Editions:
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. Hoccleve’s Works: The Minor Poems. vol. 1. EETS e.s. 61 (1892); repr. with Gollancz (1925) 73; rev. J. Mitchell and A. Ian Doyle, 1970: 169.
16.Source: Durham, Durham University Library Cosin V.iii.9, f. 79
Transcription:
He that in yowthe no vartwe well ues
in age all honor will hym Refuse
Note: Added to top margin; followed by 512.5.
Facsimiles:
Burrow, John, and A. I. Doyle, eds. Thomas Hoccleve: A Facsimile of the Autograph Verse Manuscripts. EETS s.s. 19 (2002).
Editions:
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. Hoccleve’s Works: The Minor Poems. vol. 1. EETS e.s. 61 (1892); repr. with Gollancz (1925) 73; rev. J. Mitchell and A. Ian Doyle, 1970: 218.
17.Source: Glasgow, Glasgow University Library Hunterian 400 (V.2.20), f. cv
Transcription:
In youthe wha will nor vertu vse
in Age all honor will hym Reffuse
Note: Added to front flyleaf ‘c’ verso.
18.Source: Nottingham, Nottingham University Library Mellish Lm 1 [olim Mellish; olim Hadsock Priory nr Worksop], f. 20rb
Transcription:
Whoso in youthe no vertu vseth
In age al honour hym refuseth
19.Source: San Marino, CA, Henry Huntington Library HM 502 [olim Phillipps 11929; olim Greene, olim Yates], f. 34v
Transcription:
He that In youthe no vertu wyll Use
In age all honur wyll haym refues
Note: Written as prose; added after end, ‘so be It‘; with signature above, ‘John Wood’.
Editions:
Schulz, Herbert. C., Norma B. Cuthbert, and Naydée Noya. Ten Centuries of Manuscripts in the Huntington Library. San Marino, CA: Huntington Library, 1962: 15-16.
Dutschke, C. W. Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library. 2 vols. San Marino, CA: Huntington Library, 1989: 1.238.