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The Digital Index of Middle English Verse
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DIMEV 1542
IMEV 933
NIMEV 933
God against nature three wonders hath wrought
A theological carol about the Incarnation — seven 9-line stanzas plus burden: ‘By reason of two & poore of one / This tyme god & man was set at one’
Note: Ringler Jr. (1992), TM 476.
Subjects: carols, Nativity; religious instruction; Incarnation, mystery of
Versification: — nine-line, two-line — ababbccdd



Manuscript Witnesses:
1.Source: London, British Library Cotton Vespasian A.XXV, ff. 131v-132v
First Lines:
God against nature thre wonders haith wrought
First of the vile earthe mad man without man…
Last Lines:
…And cease ther strife
For marie was maden widowe and wife
Editions:
Wright, Thomas, ed. Specimens of Old Christmas Carols, etc. Percy Society 4. London: T. Richard, 1841: 41-4.
Böddeker, Karl. “Englische Lieder und Balladen aus dem 16. Jahrhundert.” Jahrbuch für romanische und englische Sprache- und Literatur 14 (or n.f. 2) (1875): 81-105 [933]: 2.98.
Greene, Richard Leighton. The Early English Carols. Oxford: Clarendon, 1935; 2nd ed., rev., Oxford: Clarendon, 1977: 60-2; 1977, 50-1.
2.Source: New Haven, Yale University, Beinecke Library, Takamiya Deposit 6 [olim Helmingham Hall LJ. I. 10], f. 119v
First Lines:
God ageynst nature iij thyngys hath wrought
ffurst of the vyle erth made man without man…
Last Lines:
…Thanke we hyme thane
That thus lefte angell and sauyde mane
Note: Added by a sixteenth-century hand; Burden and first two stanzas only; begins with introductory 4-line stanza abab, ‘Here begynneth a lamentable complaint’; then title ‘A carolle’ and then a couplet burden, ‘By resone of ij and power of one / This tyme god and man were sett at one’; then the first two verses in two 9-line stanzas, rhyming ababbccdd.
Attributed Title: In principio si placet (by scribe, following explicit to preceding work)
Editions:
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. “A Carol: Lord Tollemache’s Helmingham MS. 10, back of last leaf, ab. 1530.” Notes and Queries 7th ser. 8 (1889): 484-5: 484.
Brown, Carleton Fairchild, ed. Religious Lyrics of the XVth Century. Oxford: Clarendon, 1939: 185-6.