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Gladeth ye fowls of the morwe gray
Chaucer, ‘Compleynt of Mars’ — 298 lines in rhyme royal and 9-line stanzas
Note: Ringler Jr. (1992), TM 466; Ringler Jr. (1988), TP 466.3; for Complaint of Venus see 5590.
Author(s): Geoffrey Chaucer
Title(s): ‘Compleynt of Mars’
Subjects: complaints; allegorical poems; astrology/astronomy; envoys
Versification: — seven-line, nine-line — ababbcc, aabaabbcc



Manuscript Witnesses:
1.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Arch. Selden. B. 24 (SC 3354), ff. 132-136
First Lines:
Gladith ȝe foules of the morow gay
O phebus rising among the rewis rede…
Last Lines:
…That neuer did bot al way gentilness
kithith therfore to hir sum kyndness
Facsimiles:
Boffey, Julia, and A. S. G. Edwards, eds. Chaucer, Works. Bodleian Library MS Arch Selden B.24: Facsimile Edition. Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 1995.
Editions:
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. A Parallel-Text Edition of Chaucer’s Minor Poems. 3 vols. Chaucer Society 1st. ser. 21, 57, 58. London: Trübner, n.d. repr. New York and London: Johnson, 1967.
2.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Fairfax 16 (SC 3896), ff. 15-19
First Lines:
GLadeth ye lovers on the morowe gray
Loo Venus rysen amonge yow rowes rede…
Last Lines:
…that neuer did but gentilesse
kytheth therfor on her summe kyndenesse
Note: Treated as a single text with 5590, which follows it.
Attributed Title: Complaynt of Mars and Venus (f. 15); Here endith the complaynt of venus and Mars (f. 20v)
Facsimiles:
Norton-Smith, John. “Introduction.” Bodleian Library MS Fairfax 16. London: Scolar Press, 1979.
Editions:
Skeat, Walter William, ed. The Complete Works of Geoffrey Chaucer. 7 vols. Oxford: Clarendon, 1894-7: 1.323-34.
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. A Supplementary Parallel-Text Edition of Chaucer’s Minor Poems. 2 vols. Chaucer Society 1st ser. 22, 59. London: Trübner, n.d.; repr. New York and London: Johnson, 1967.
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. A One-Text Print of the Minor Poems. 2 pts. London: Trübner, 1871, 1880; repr. New York and London: Johnson, 1967.
Robinson, F. N., ed. The Works of Geoffrey Chaucer. Oxford: Clarendon, 1933; 2nd ed. 1957: 623-7; 1957,529-37.
Benson, Larry Dean, ed. The Riverside Chaucer. 3rd ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1987: 643-7.
3.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Tanner 346 (SC 10173), ff. 65-69v
First Lines:
Gladeth the ye louers in the morow gray
lo venus risen amonge you rowes rede…
Last Lines:
…That neuyr dide but gentillness
kitheth ther fore in her somme kyndnesse
Note: Treated as a single text with 5590, which follows it.
Attributed Title: The complaint of Mars and Venus (f. 65, added seventeenth century)
Facsimiles:
Robinson, Pamela. “Introduction.” Manuscript Tanner 346: A Facsimile. Norman, OK: Pilgrim, and Woodbridge: Boydell and Brewer, 1980.
Editions:
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. A Parallel-Text Edition of Chaucer’s Minor Poems. 3 vols. Chaucer Society 1st. ser. 21, 57, 58. London: Trübner, n.d. repr. New York and London: Johnson, 1967.
4.Source: Cambridge UK, Magdalene College Pepys 2006, pp. 115-122
First Lines:
gladeth the fowlis of this morow grey
lo venus ryseth among yonder rowes rede…
Last Lines:
…Nat neuer dede but all Ientillnesse
kytheth þer fore on hir som kyndenesse
Note: Missing lines 165, 168; treated as a single text with 5590, which follows it.
Facsimiles:
Edwards, A. S. G. “Introduction.” Manuscript Pepys 2006: A Facsimile. Magdalen College, Cambridge. Norman, OK: Pilgrim, and [Woodbridge, Suffolk]: Boydell and Brewer, 1985.
Editions:
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. A Supplementary Parallel-Text Edition of Chaucer’s Minor Poems. 2 vols. Chaucer Society 1st ser. 22, 59. London: Trübner, n.d.; repr. New York and London: Johnson, 1967.
5.Source: Cambridge UK, Magdalene College Pepys 2006, pp. 378-380
First Lines:
Gladeth ye foules at the morowen gray
lo venus risen among yow rowes rede…
Last Lines:
…Walkyng his Cours till she hadd hi a take
And he praid her to hast her for his sake
Note: Ends imperfectly after stanza 12; second occurrence in MS.
Facsimiles:
Edwards, A. S. G. “Introduction.” Manuscript Pepys 2006: A Facsimile. Magdalen College, Cambridge. Norman, OK: Pilgrim, and [Woodbridge, Suffolk]: Boydell and Brewer, 1985.
Editions:
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. A Supplementary Parallel-Text Edition of Chaucer’s Minor Poems. 2 vols. Chaucer Society 1st ser. 22, 59. London: Trübner, n.d.; repr. New York and London: Johnson, 1967.
6.Source: Cambridge UK, Trinity College R.3.20 (600), pp. 130-139
First Lines:
Gladeþe yee fooles of þis morowen gray
Loo Venus is vysen amonge youre rowes reede…
Last Lines:
…Þat neuer did but al gentylesse
Rydeþe on hir þer fore some sykurnesse
Note: Stanza 32 missing line 9.
Attributed Title: Loo yee louers gladeþe and comforteþe þou of þallyaunce creayted bytwene þe hardy and furyous Mars þe god of armes and Venus þe double goddesse of loue made by Geffrey Chaucier at þe commandement of þe renomed and excellent prynce my lord þe duc John of Lancastre (p. 130); Þallyance bytwene Mars and Venus (RT); Þus eondeþe here þis complaint whiche some men sayne was made by my lady of York doughter to þe kyng of Spaygne and my lord of huntyngdon some tyme duk of Excestre (colophon, p. 139)
7.Source: London, British Library Harley 7333, ff. 132vb-133va
First Lines:
Gladith yee floures on this morow grey
lo venus risen a mong yow rowes rede…
Last Lines:
…Of al disport in which men frendly dwelle
Of lufe pley and benynge humbilnesse
Note: Lines 1-178 only, with column b left blank on f.133v.
Attributed Title: THe broche of thebes as of the love / of mars and venus (f. 132vb, rubric)
8.Source: Longleat, Marquess of Bath MS 258, ff. 49-54v
First Lines:
…Whoo Raygneth now in blisse but Venus
That hath this worthy knyght in gouernaunce…
Last Lines:
…That neuer dud but gentilnesse
Kitheth therfore in hire sume kyndenesse
Note: Stanzas 1-6 missing (ff. 33-48 lost).
Editions:
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. A Supplementary Parallel-Text Edition of Chaucer’s Minor Poems. 2 vols. Chaucer Society 1st ser. 22, 59. London: Trübner, n.d.; repr. New York and London: Johnson, 1967.



Print Witnesses:
1.Source: STC 5089. Chaucer, Geoffrey, Mars and Venus, J. Notarii, [1500?] , sigs. A.i-B.viiiv
First Lines:
Glade ye fowles of this morowe gray
Lo Venus is risen among you rowes rede…
Last Lines:
…And er thou parte hens remssyon fynall
To ward te lyf where Ioye is euerlastyng
Note: Huntington RB 31324.
Attributed Title: The loue and complayntes bytwene Mars and Venus (sig. A.1)
Editions:
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. A Parallel-Text Edition of Chaucer’s Minor Poems. 3 vols. Chaucer Society 1st. ser. 21, 57, 58. London: Trübner, n.d. repr. New York and London: Johnson, 1967.
2.Source: Geoffrey Chaucer, Workes, Thynne, 1532 , ff. 368vb-371ra
First Lines:
Gladeth ye louers in the morowe gray
Lo Venus rissen among yon rowes rede…
Last Lines:
…To folowe worde by worde the curiosyte
Of Granson flour of hem ye make in Fraunce
Note: 49 x 9, aabaabbcc, including one 10-line stanza, aabaabbccb, as envoy.
Attributed Title: The complaynt of mars & venus (f. 368vb)
Editions:
Stowe, John, ed. The Workes of Geffrey Chaucer…with diuers addicions, with the Siege of Thebes, compiled by J. Lidgate. London, J. Kyngston for J. Wight, 1561 (STC 5075): (which is ed. Chalmers (1810), 1.360).