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The Digital Index of Middle English Verse
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
DIMEV 1485
IMEV 889
NIMEV 889
Gabriel of high degree / Came down from the Trinity
Annunciation carol — seven 4-line stanzas (aaab) including refrain, ‘With noua’, plus burden (bb): ‘Nova Nova / Ave fit ex Eva
Note: Ringler Jr. (1992) TM 455.
Subjects: carols, of the Annunciation; Virgin Mary, Annunciation to
Versification: — four-line, two-line — aa, aaab



Manuscript Witnesses:
1.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Eng. poet. e.1 (SC 29734), f. 27
First Lines:
Gabryell of hyȝe degree
Cam down from þe trenyte…
Last Lines:
…& godes mayd now se me here
with noua
Editions:
Greene, Richard Leighton. The Early English Carols. Oxford: Clarendon, 1935; 2nd ed., rev., Oxford: Clarendon, 1977: 170-1; 1977, 151.
Wright, Thomas, ed. Songs and Carols from a manuscript…of the Fifteenth Century. Percy Society 23. London: Richards, 1847: 36-7.
2.Source: Oxford, Balliol College 354, p. 4602
First Lines:
Gabriell of hygh degre
He cam down from the trynyte…
Last Lines:
…I am godes own truly
Ecce ancilla domini
vt nova

Explicit
Note: 8 stanzas.
Facsimiles:
Early Manuscripts at Oxford University: Facsimile of Oxford, Balliol MS 354. (http://image.ox.ac.uk/show?collection=balliol&manuscript=ms354).
Editions:
Greene, Richard Leighton. The Early English Carols. Oxford: Clarendon, 1935; 2nd ed., rev., Oxford: Clarendon, 1977: 170-1; 1977, 150-1.
Wright, Thomas, ed. Songs and Carols from a manuscript…of the Fifteenth Century. Percy Society 23. London: Richards, 1847: 36-7.
Flügel, Ewald. “Englische Weihnachtslieder aus einter Handschrift des Balliol College zu Oxford.” Forschungen zur deutschen Philologie. Festgabe für Rudolf Hildebrands. Leipzig: Deit, 1894: 52-84: 58.
Flügel, Ewald. “Liedersammlungen des XVI Jahrhunderts….” Anglia 26 (1903): 94-285: 229-30.
Dyboski, R., ed. Songs, Carols and Other Miscellaneous Poems from Balliol MS. 354, Richard Hill’s Commonplace Book. EETS e.s. 101 (1908); repr. 1984: 5-6.
Greenberg, Noah. An English Songbook. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1961: 66.
Frost, Leslie, ed. Come Christmas. New York: Coward-McCann, 1935: 264.
3.Source: Glasgow, Glasgow University Library Hunterian 83 (T.3.21), f. ivv
First Lines:
Gabriell off hye degre
He came downe frome trinite…
Last Lines:
…I am your seruaunt ryȝt truely
With ecce ancilla domini
Note: Six 3-line stanzas, monorhyming, plus burden, ‘Noua noua Aue fit ex Eua’.
Editions:
Robbins, Rossell Hope. “Two New Carols (Hunterian MS. 83).” Modern Language Notes 58 (1943) 39-42: 40-1.
Stevens, John, ed. Mediaeval Carols. Musica Britannica 4. London: Stainer and Bell, 1952, 2nd ed. 1958: 111.
Robbins, Rossell Hope. Early English Christmas Carols. New York and London: Columbia UP, 1961: 64.
Greene, Richard Leighton. The Early English Carols. Oxford: Clarendon, 1935; 2nd ed., rev., Oxford: Clarendon, 1977 (see also Greene (1935)): 151.