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DIMEV 1418
IMEV 854
NIMEV 854
For why that God is inwardly the wit / Of man
Benedict Burgh, ‘Cato Major’ — rhyme royal plus three ababbcbc stanzas of ‘Lenvoye’ at the end
Note: Ringler Jr. (1992), TM 429; Ringler Jr. (1988), TP 428.5
Author(s): Benedict Burgh
Title(s): ‘Cato Major’
Subjects: precepts; envoys; women, against
Versification: — seven-line, eight-line — ababbcc, ababbcbc
Macaronic: Latin
Bibliographic Ghosts: Oxford, Bodleian Library Eng. theol. e.15 (from Hamer (1995)); see Oxford, Bodleian Library Eng. poet. e.15 (SC 32401); Raines MS (unidentified); f. 2: perhaps now Aberystwyth, National Library of Wales Peniarth 481, below



Manuscript Witnesses:
1.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Eng. poet. e.15 (SC 32401), ff. 6v-36v
First Lines:
ffor þi þat god is inwardly þe wyt
of man and yeuith him vnderstondyng…
Last Lines:
…Her shal ye fynde þat you may gyde & lede
Streyght to good fame & lede you to hir hous
Attributed Title: Explicit hic Cato dans castigamina nato (f. 36v)
2.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Rawlinson C.48 (SC 11914), ff. 84-111v
First Lines:
ffor why that god is inwardli the witte
Off man and yeueth hym vndirstondyng…
Last Lines:
…Bi too and too my metre for to knytte
Nat causethe me but sympilnesse of witte
Note: Each stanza preceded by Latin couplet; the first by, ‘Si deus est animus nobis vt carmina dicunt / Hic tibi precipue sit pura mente colendus’ (f. 84)
Editions:
Förster, Max. “Die Burghsche Cato-Paraphrase.” Archiv für das Studium der neueren Sprachen und Literaturen 115 (1905): 298-323; 116 (1906): 25-40: 304-23; 325-34.
3.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Rawlinson poet. 32 (SC 14526), ff. 2-39v
First Lines:
ffor why that god is inwardly the wit[ ]
Of man and yeueh hym vnderstond[ ]…
Last Lines:
…Bi too & too my metre for to knyt
nat causith me but simplenesse of wit
Note: The edge of the folio has been cropped off
Attributed Author: Cato (f. 29v)
Attributed Title: Explicit hic Cato dans castigamina nato (f. 29v)
4.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Rawlinson poet. 35 (SC 14529), ff. 1-17
First Lines:
…With mene estate that halt him aggreable
Plente and pouerte be nat suffrable…
Last Lines:
…Be two and two my metre for to knytte
Nat causeth me but simpilnesse of witte
Note: Missing lines 1-376 due to loss of folio(s)
5.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Ee.4.31, ff. 7v-24
First Lines:
ffor thy that god ys inwardely the Wytt
Of men and yeueth hem vndyrstandynge…
Last Lines:
…By two and two my metyr for to knytt
Nought causeth me but symplenes of wytt
Note: With Latin couplet above each stanza, beginning above first, Si deus est animus nobis vt Carmina dicunt…
Attributed Author: Explicit Cato (f. 24)
6.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Ff.1.6 [Findern MS], ff. 181-185v
First Lines:
Chaunge not thi ffreende that thou knowest of oolde
ffor eny newe in trust that thou shalt find…
Last Lines:
…[ ]at partayneth to thy techinge
[ ]er neuer [ ] for thy levyng
Note: 40 stanzas, beginning with 32, in disarranged order; part of f. 185 torn away
Facsimiles:
Beadle, Richard, and Alfred E. B. Owen. The Findern Manuscript: Cambridge University Library MS. F.1.6. London: Scolar Press, 1977.
7.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Ff.4.9, ff. 88v-107
First Lines:
ffor that god is inwardly the wytte
Of man and yevithe hym vndirstondinge…
Last Lines:
…Here haue I found þat shall þou gyde & lede
Streyte to good fame and leve you in here hous
Note: Latin prose textsw preceding each stanza, beginning f. 88v Sideus est animus nobis…
Attributed Title: Expliciunt proverbia catonis (f. 107)
8.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Hh.4.12, ff. 1-28
First Lines:
ffor why that god is inwardli [ ]
Of man and [ ]ing…
Last Lines:
…whan ȝe it rede lat not ȝowr hert be thens
doth as thys saith wt al ȝowr hoole entent
Note: Latin lines at heading of each stanza
Attributed Title: Title beginning ‘S’ (f.1); Explicit Liber parui Catonis (f. 30)
Editions:
Förster, Max. “Die Burghsche Cato-Paraphrase.” Archiv für das Studium der neueren Sprachen und Literaturen 115 (1905): 298-323; 116 (1906): 25-40: 304-23; 325-34.
9.Source: Cambridge UK, Jesus College Q.G.8 (56), ff. 78v-92v
First Lines:
[F]or why þat god is inwardly þe witt
Of man and yeueth hym vndirstondyng…
Last Lines:
…By two and two my metre for to knyte
Þat can it haue bot symplenes of witt
Note: Latin couplet as heading to each stanza; first Latin begins, ‘Si deus est animus nobis.…’
Attributed Author: Explicit liber catonis (f. 92v)
Attributed Title: Explicit liber catonis (f. 92v)
10.Source: Cambridge UK, Magdalene College Pepys 2006, pp. 213-224
First Lines:
ffor why that god is in warldy thy wytte
Of man and yeveth hym vnderstondyng…
Last Lines:
…Than rede Macer in his old ditee
Wheche tellyth alle men in her propre qualite
Note: 45 stanzas; ends imperfectly at line 360. Latin lines at heading of each stanza, first is [S]I deus est animus nobis ut carmina dicunt hic tibi precipue sit picta mente colendus
Facsimiles:
Edwards, A. S. G. “Introduction.” Manuscript Pepys 2006: A Facsimile. Magdalen College, Cambridge. Norman, OK: Pilgrim, and [Woodbridge, Suffolk]: Boydell and Brewer, 1985.
11.Source: Cambridge UK, Trinity College O.2.53 (1157), f. 60
First Lines:
Enforce thy wyttes for to lere
Aquaynt the wyth connyng for it is sure
Yf fortune chaunge and pouerte a pere
he that ys connynge ys lyke to recure
Note: Stanza 131 only; formerly 726 and Ringler Jr. (1992) TM 381
Editions:
Person, Henry Axel. Cambridge Middle English Lyrics. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1953; rev. ed. 1962: 49.
12.Source: London, British Library Addit. 29729, f. 288v2
Transcription:
sum wemen wepyn of peure feminite
whan othar wysse they can not theyr intent
achyve but yet beware of suche nyce pite
thy manly reson forþat it be not blent
for swiche wepynge thyn hert may not relent
some wemen of kynd evar wepynge
& vndarþat can they bothe pryke & stynge
Note: Fragment: stanza 104 only.
13.Source: London, British Library Addit. 34193, ff. 204-223
First Lines:
ffor that god is inwardely the witte
Of man and yefeth hym vndrestondynge…
Last Lines:
…Here haffe I funde that shall yow gyde and lede
Stright to gode fame and leve yow in hire howse
14.Source: London, British Library Addit. 38179, f. 21
First Lines:
For why that God is in wurdly thy wytte
Of man and geveth hym onderstondyng…
Last Lines:
…Than rede Macer in his old Ditee
Wheche tellyth alle men in here propre qualite
Note: Ends with stanza 45
15.Source: London, British Library Arundel 168, ff. 7va-14ra
First Lines:
ffor þat god is Inwardly þe witte
Of man and shewith hym vnderstandynge…
Last Lines:
…Be two and two my meture for to knytt
Nought causith me but simplenes of witt
Note: Each stanza preceded by two lines of Latin, as usual.
Attributed Author: Explicit hic Cato dans Castigamina Nato
Attributed Title: Explicit hic Cato dans Castigamina Nato
16.Source: London, British Library Harley 43, ff. 3-4v
First Lines:
…But yf thou kepe þin thy name þou sleyst
To serue thy behest do thow thy cure…
Last Lines:
…Take pacyently pouert for the best
Ryches comyth not of nature but of quest…
Note: A fragment, comprising a single leaf, recto and verso, at front of MS: lines 87-147.
17.Source: London, British Library Harley 116, ff. 99-124
First Lines:
For thy that god gaf inwardli the witte
Of man and yeueth hym vndirstondyng…
Last Lines:
…By tuo and tuo my meter for to knytte
Nought causeth me but simplenes of witte…
Note: In rhyme royal stanzas, each preceded by a Latin couplet, beginning, ’Si deus est animus nobis Vt carmina dicunt / Hic tibi precipue sit pura mente colendus’; with two 8-line stanza envoy to part 1 (f. 106r-v), three 8-line stanza envoy to parts 2 (f. 112v) and 3 (f. 117r-v), and only explicit title at end of part 4.
Attributed Title: Explicit liber Catonis transpositus in Anglicum (f. 124)
18.Source: London, British Library Harley 172, ff. 52-71
First Lines:
[F]or whi þat god ys Inwardly the wytt
Of man & yevithe hym vnderstandynge…
Last Lines:
…By too & too my metre for to knytte
Nought cavsythe me but Symplenes of wytt
Note: Followed on f. 71 by motto, ‘Soli deo honor et gloria’, written by scribe
Attributed Author: John lydgate (written below first four lines by Stow, then crossed through, f. 52)
Attributed Title: Explicit liber Catonis (f. 71, by scribe)
19.Source: London, British Library Harley 271, ff. 26v-44v
First Lines:
ffor thi god that is inwardli þe whitt
of mann & yeff þe þi vnderstondyng…
Last Lines:
…And thus no better in metur for to kl knytt
What causeth me but sempilness of wytt
Note: In penultimate line ‘kl’ written and crossed through before ‘knytt’ (f. 44v).
Attributed Author: Magistrum benedyctum Berrh vicarius de Maldone in essex (f. 44v)
Attributed Title: Explicet liber catonys compest per Magistrum benedyctum Berrh vicarius de Maldone in essex (f. 44v)
20.Source: London, British Library Harley 2251, ff. 170-178
First Lines:
FOr that god is inwordly the wit
Of man and yevith hym vnderstandyng…
Last Lines:
…And I dare sey of wisdam and of witt
Plente and foyson therin shul ye fynde
Note: Followed, as if part of the same work, by stanzas 2 & 3 of ‘A Moral Balade’ (3645).
Attributed Title: Incipit liber magnum Catonis (f. 170)
21.Source: London, British Library Harley 4733, f. 4
22.Source: London, British Library Harley 7333, ff. 25ra-30va
First Lines:
ffor thi that god is inwardly the wytte
Of man and yevith him vndirstondyng
Last Lines:
Be two and too my metre for to knyt
Noght causith me but symplenesse of witte
Attributed Title: Explicit Cato (f. 30ra, rubric)
23.Source: London, British Library Royal 17 B.XLVII, f. 3v
Note: Stanza 131 only
24.Source: London, British Library Royal 18 D.II, ff. 207-209
First Lines:
When it is tyme of coste and greate expens.
Beware of waste and spende be measure…
Last Lines:
…Vnder the whiche ye may fynde in your aduertens.
A swete carnell of wysdam and of goode sentens.
Note: Selections only, 168 lines, in disarranged order.
Attributed Title: The prouerbes in the sydis of the Innere chamber abouen of the house in the garding at Wresill (f. 207, in rubric)
Facsimiles:
Digital Facsimile of British Library MS Royal 18 D II. 2015; http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts/FullDisplay.aspx?ref=Royal_MS_18_D_II.
Editions:
Grose, Francis. The Antiquarian Repertory. 4 vols. London, 1775; 2nd ed., 1779-84; new ed. London: Jeffery, 1807-09: 4.411.
Flügel, Ewald. “Kleinere Mitteilungen aus handschriften: Die proverbs von Lekenfield und Wreksil (Yorks.)” Anglia 14 (1892): 471-97: 489-93.
Wilson, Philip, ed. The Musicall Prouerbis in the Garet at the New Lodge in the Parke of Lekingfelde. Oxford: Clarendon, 1924.
25.Source: Aberystwyth, National Library of Wales Peniarth 481, f. 2
26.Source: Durham, Durham University Library Cosin V.ii.14, f. 70
First Lines:
ffor thy that god is inwardly the witte
Of man and þewith to him vnderstondyng…
Last Lines:
…ffor the vertu of this goode conseruatyfe
And eke to atteyne to mukest worthynesse
Note: Latin couplet in rubric above each stanza, beginning Si deus est animus nobis ut carmina dicunt…
Attributed Title: Explicit Liber Catonis (p. 92)
27.Source: Glasgow, Glasgow University Library Hunterian 259 (U.4.17), pp. 3-50
First Lines:
Forthy that god is inwardly þe witte
of man and yeuith hym vnderstonding…
Last Lines:
…Here shal ye fynde that þou may gyde & lede
streight to gode fame and bringe you to hir house
Attributed Author: Cato þat noble & worthi clerke (see 5921, ‘Thus endith Caton…’, p. 50)
28.Source: Manchester, Chetham’s Library 8009 [Mun. A.6.31], ff. 49v-75
First Lines:
for thi that God is inwardly the wytte
Of man & yeuyth hym vnderstanding…
Last Lines:
…By two and two my metter for toknyt
Not causeth me but symplenes of wit
Note: 155 stanzas; Latin prose from which each translated before the stanzas in rubric, beginning, Si deus est animus nobis…
Attributed Title: Explicit liber Catonis quod scripci E.N.P da michi quod merui (f. 75)
29.Source: New York, Pierpont Morgan Library M775, ff. 294-320
First Lines:
For thi that god is inwardly the witte
Of man and ȝeueth him vndirstonding…
Last Lines:
…By two and two my mater for to knyte
Not causeth me but simplenesse or witte
30.Source: San Marino, CA, Henry Huntington Library HM 144 [olim Huth 7], ff. 114v-135v
First Lines:
ffor thy that god is inwardly the wyt
Of man and geuyth hym vndirstandyng…
Last Lines:
…Here haue I fonde that shal you guyde & lede
Streight to goode fame & leue you in her house
Note: Includes usual Latin headings
Attributed Title: Hic incipit magnus Catho (f. 114v); Explicit Catho (f. 135v)
31.Source: Dublin, Trinity College, Dublin 519, ff. 2-11v
First Lines:
ffor thy þat god gafe inwardly the wyt
Of man and yevith hym vnderstondyng…
Last Lines:
…Who lyueth well full wele eke dyeth he
That soule is sure of grete felicyte
Note: Ends imperfectly. Latin before each stanza, beginning Si deus est animus nobis vt carmina dicunt (above first).
32.Source: Göttingen, Göttingen University Library Philol.163 n, ff. 45v-72
33.Source: Rome, English College AVCAU MS 1405, f. 90



Print Witnesses:
1.Source: STC 4850. Paruus Catho [et] Magnus Catho, [Caxton, 1477] , ff. 2v-29v
First Lines:
For thy that god is inwardly the wit
Of man and geuyth him vndirstanding…
Last Lines:
…Here haue I fonde that shal you guyde & lede
Streight to gode fame & leue you in hir hous
Attributed Author: Hic Incipit magnus Catho (f. 2v); Explicit Catho (f. 29v)
Attributed Title: Hic Incipit magnus Catho (f. 2v); Explicit Catho (f. 29v)
Facsimiles:
Burgh, Benet, Parvus Cato, and Francis Jenkinson. Parvus Cato. [Facsimiles of rare 15th century printed books in the Cambridge University Library, 6]. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1906.
2.Source: STC 4851. Paruus Catho [et] Magnus Catho, [Caxton, 1476] , ff. 2v-33v
First Lines:
ffor thy that god is in wardly the wit
Of man and geuyth hym vndirstanding…
Last Lines:
…Here haue I fonde that shal you guyde & lede
Streight to gode fame & leue you in hir hous
Note: Huntington; R. B. 62364; includes usual Latin headings
Attributed Author: Hic Incipit magnus Catho (f. 2v); Explicit Catho (f. 33v)
Attributed Title: Hic Incipit magnus Catho (f. 2v); Explicit Catho (f. 33v)
3.Source: (STC 4852. Paruus Catho [et] Magnus Catho, [Caxton, 1483] , sigs. a3v-d5
First Lines:
For thy that god is inwardly the wyt
Of man and geuyth hym vnderstondyng…
Last Lines:
…Here haue I fond that shal ye guyde and lede
Streyght to good fame & leue you in hyr hous
Attributed Author: Hic incipit magnus Chato (sig. a3v); Explict Chato (sig. d5)
Editions:
Kuriyagawa, Fumio. “Paruus Cato Magnus Cato.” Seijo English Monograph 13. Tokyo: Seijo University, 1974: 1-78.