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DIMEV 1356
IMEV 824
NIMEV 824
For health of body cover for cold thine head
John Lydgate, ‘Dietary’ — ten 8-line stanzas
Note: Ringler Jr. (1992), TM 420; Ringler Jr. (1988), TP 415.5; sometimes preceded by three stanzas: see 6586; for a disarranged and defective version see 2369.
Author(s): John Lydgate
Title(s): ‘Dietary’
Subjects: medicine; bloodletting; calendars
Versification: — eight-line — ababbcbc



Manuscript Witnesses:
1.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Addit. B.60 (SC 29179), ff. 122v-124
First Lines:
FOr helthe of body covyr fro colde thyne hede
Ete no rawe mete take good hede ther to
Drynke holsome wyne fede the on liȝt brede
With an appetite rise fro thy mete also…
Last Lines:
…Of maister Antonye ne of maister Hewe
To all in deferente richeste dyatary
Note: Written as prose.
2.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Ashmole 61 (SC 6922*), ff. 107-108
First Lines:
ffor helth of body couer fro cold þi hede
Ete non raw mete take gode hede þer to
Drynke holsom drynke fede þe on lyȝht brede
And with Apytyte ryse fro þi mete also…
Last Lines:
…Off mayster Antony ne of master hew
To all deferent it is dyatary
Attributed Title: The gouernans of man (f. 107); Explicet the gouernans of man (f. 108)
Editions:
Shuffleton, George. Ashmole 61: A Compilation of Popular Middle English Verse. Kalamazoo, MI: Western Michigan University for TEAMS, 2008: 277-9; 528-31; 615.
3.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Bodley 48 (SC 1885), ff. 332v-333v
First Lines:
ffor helth of bodie cover for cold thine hede
Et no raw mete take gode hede her to…
Last Lines:
…Off maister Antonye no of maister hewe
To al indifferent richest dietarie
4.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Bodley 686 (SC 2527), ff. 187v-188v
First Lines:
For helth of body kover for colde þin hede
Ete no rawe mete take gode hede herto…
Last Lines:
…Of maister Antony nor of maister hugh
To all indifferent Rihest dietarie
Attributed Author: Dan Iohn lydgate Monke of Bury (f. 187v)
Attributed Title: Here begynneth a neodful Tretis for mannes helthe of his body compiled and made compen in Balade be Dan Iohn lydgate Monke of Bury (f. 187v)
5.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Bodley 912 (SC 30437), f. 15v
First Lines:
For helthe of body keuer fro cold thyn hede
Ete no rawe mete take gode hede her too…
Last Lines:
…Cloos of tong of wurd not disseynable
To sey the best sette al way þy plesauns
Note: Three stanzas only.
6.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library e Musaeo 52 (SC 3510), ff. 80v-81
First Lines:
ffor helth of body keuer fro colde þyn hede
Ette no raw mete take goode heede þerto…
Last Lines:
…Off Mayster Antony nor of mayster hewth
To all Indefferent rychest dyatory
Note: Written as prose.
7.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Lat. theol. d.15, ff. 132-133
First Lines:
FOr healthe of bodie Cover from Colde thy heade
Eatt no raw meytt tayke good heyde herto…
Last Lines:
…of mayster Anthony ne of mayster hewe
to all In differentt Richest dierari
Attributed Title: Dietarium salutis (f. 132)
8.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Laud misc. 683 (SC 798), ff. 60-62
First Lines:
For helt[h] of body kepe fro cold thyn hed
ete no[ ]auh mete take good heed her too…
Last Lines:
…of master antonye ne of master hugh
to alle in dyfferent richest dyetarye
Attributed Title: Here begynn[ ]th a doctryne of ffesyk (f. 60)
9.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Rawlinson C.48 (SC 11914), ff. 128v-130
First Lines:
ffor helthe of body couer fro cold thin hed
Ete no raw mete take good heed her to…
Last Lines:
…Off maister Antonye ne of maister Hewe
To alle indifferent richest Dietarie
Attributed Author: Lidgate (f. 130)
10.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Rawlinson C.86 (SC 11951), ff. 61-62
First Lines:
ffor helth of body couere þyn hede
Ete no rawe mete take good hede þerto…
Last Lines:
…Of master Antony nor of master hewe
To all indifferent þe rycheste dietarye
Editions:
Neilson, William Allan, and Kenneth Grant Tremaye Webster. Chief British Poets of the 14th and 15th Centuries London: Dent; and New York: Dutton, 1916: 221-2.
Robbins, Rossell Hope, ed. Secular Lyrics of the XIV and XV Centuries. 2nd ed. Oxford: Clarendon, 1955: 73-6.
11.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Rawlinson poet. 35 (SC 14529), ff. 17v-18v
First Lines:
[F]or helth of body covoure from colde thi hede
ete no rawe mete take goode hede hereto…
Last Lines:
…Of maister Antonij ne of maister Hwe
To al indifferente the richest dietary
12.Source: Oxford, University College 60, ff. 192v-193v
First Lines:
ffor helth of body kouer fro colde thyne hede
Ete no raw mete take good heede herto…
Last Lines:
…Of master Antony nor of master Hugh
To all indifferent rychest ys dietary
13.Source: Cambridge UK, Fitzwilliam Museum 261, ff. 30v-32v
First Lines:
FOr helthe of body couere for colde thyn hede
Ete n Rawe mete take goode hyde therto…
Last Lines:
…This Receyte bought ys of no potikary
Of maister Antony nother of maister hugh
To all Indifferent most Rychest dietarie
Attributed Title: Here foloweth the most Riche dietarie (f. 30v)
14.Source: Cambridge UK, Jesus College Q.G.8 (56), ff. 44v-46
First Lines:
For helth of body couer fro colde þine hede
Ete no rawe mete take good hede þeire to…
Last Lines:
…Of master Antony ne of master hewe
To all indifferent richest dietarie
Note: Follows immediately after 6586, as if part of same text.
15.Source: Cambridge UK, St John’s College G.23 (191), ff. 167v-168v
First Lines:
for heill of thy body kep wele fra cald þi hede
Ete no raw met tak gude heid þar to…
Last Lines:
…Of master Anton nor of master Hew
Till all indifferent riches is dyetry
Attributed Title: Incipit documentum notabile (f. 167v); Explicit documentum valde vtile quod I to ȝow (f. 168v)
Editions:
Skeat, Walter William, ed. The Bruce by John Barbour. EETS e.s. 11 (1870); 21 (1874); 29 (1877); 55 (1889); repr. in 2 vols, 1968: 537-40.
Skeat, Walter William, ed. The Bruce, etc. 2 vols. Scottish Text Society 31-33. Edinburgh, London: Blackwood, 1894: 215-18.
16.Source: Cambridge UK, Trinity College B.11.24 (263), Part II, ff. 26v-27v
First Lines:
For helth of body kepe fro colde thyn hed
Ete no rawe mete take good hede there to…
Last Lines:
…Of mastyre Antony noþer of mastyr hewe
To alle yndyfferent this is þe rychyst dyetary
Attributed Title: Dietarium locarium & itinerarium Si tibi deficiant medici tibi fiant Hec tria mens leta labor moderata dieta (f. 26v)
17.Source: Cambridge UK, Trinity College O.2.13 (1117), ff. 132v; 132r
First Lines:
ffor heyth of body couer for cold thy hede
Eytt no rew meytt take good heed þer to…
Last Lines:
…Of meyse antony ne of [meykell?]
Bott al in different [þicknys?] dyete
Note: Damaged by damp.
18.Source: London, British Library Addit. 10099, ff. 211v-212v
First Lines:
ffor helthe of body couer forfrocalde thy hede
Ete no Rawe mete take goode hede herto…
Last Lines:
…Of maister Antony ne of maister hewe
To all indifferent richest dietarye
Note: Disarranged; 13 stanzas.
Attributed Author: Thomas Burton (f. 212v)
19.Source: London, British Library Addit. 11307, ff. 124-125
First Lines:
For helth of body couer fro colde thyn hede
Ete no raw mete, take goode heede ther to…
Last Lines:
…Off mayster Antony nor of maister Hewe
To all indifferent richest diatorye
Note: 13 four-line stanzas, abab. Text is a nineteenth-century copy.
20.Source: London, British Library Addit. 11307, ff. 126-128
First Lines:
Fore helth of body couer fro colde thyne hede
Ete no raw mete, take goode heede ther too
Last Lines:
…And all sayntes reioisynge in the trynyte
Brynge vs to that hy glorious towre amen fore cheryte
Note: Four-line stanzas, abab. Text is a nineteenth-century copy. Crossings out made by later hand in pencil.
Attributed Title: A Diatorie (f. 126); Of three poems copied from another MS (title page, f. 1, nineteenth-century hand)
21.Source: London, British Library Addit. 31042 [London Thornton Manuscript], f. 97
Note: Lines 1-17 wanting.
22.Source: London, British Library Addit. 34360 [olim Phillipps 9053], ff. 63-64
First Lines:
[F]Or helth of body couer for cold thyn hede
Ete no raw mete take goode hede therto…
Last Lines:
…Of Maister Antony nor of mayster hewe
To al indifferent Richest diaterye
23.Source: London, British Library Arundel 168, f. 14va
First Lines:
ffor helth of body cover from cold þine hede
Ete no rawe mete take goode hede therto…
Last Lines:
…Neuer gruchynge mery like thi degre
If Phisik lakk make þis þi gouernaunce
Note: Two stanzas only here; begins with 6 lines of Latin as heading (ff. 14rb-14va).
24.Source: London, British Library Cotton Caligula A.II, ff. 15v-16v
First Lines:
ffor helth of bydy couer for cold þy heed
Ete no rawe mete take good hede þer to…
Last Lines:
…Of maystyre Antonye nor of mayster hue
But to all yndyfferent rychest dyatarye
Note: Begins f. 15v without a break after 3588, as if one work; only 9 stanzas in this MS; ‘Explycit’ in lower margin f. 16v.
Attributed Title: Another old poeme of good aduise (f. 1, sixteenth=century list of contents, encompassing 3588 as well)
25.Source: London, British Library Cotton Titus D.XX, ff. 93-94
First Lines:
…With iij folke be not at debate
ffirst with thi better be ware for to stryve…
Last Lines:
…Of master antony ne of master hewe
To all indifferent riches dyatory
Note: Begins line 35.
26.Source: London, British Library Egerton 1995, ff. 77v-78v
First Lines:
Fyrste for helthe of boody couyr for colde thyne hedde
Ete noo rawe mete take good hede þer too…
Last Lines:
…Of mayster harry ne of mayster hewe
To alle indyfference rychyste ys in hys dyatary
Attributed Title: Sapientia phisicorum (f. 77v)
27.Source: London, British Library Harley 541, ff. 209v; 211r-211v
Note: Leaf misplaced; incomplete, 9 stanzas only.
28.Source: London, British Library Harley 941, f. 24
29.Source: London, British Library Harley 2251, ff. 4v-5v
First Lines:
FOr helth of body couer for cold thyn hede
Ete no raw mete take good heede therto…
Last Lines:
…Of mayster Antony nor of Maister hewe
To al indifferent Richest diatorye
Editions:
Brydges, Sir Samuel Egerton. Censura Literaria. 10 vols. London: Longman, 1805-09; 2nd ed., 1815: 7.345-9.
Halliwell-Phillipps, James Orchard, ed. A Selection from the Minor Poems of Don John Lydgate. Percy Society 2. London: T. Richard, 1840: 66-9.
30.Source: London, British Library Harley 2252, f. 1v1
First Lines:
For helthe of Bodye kepe from cold thyne hede
Ete no Rawe mete Take good hede therto…
Last Lines:
…Of All Welfare prossperyte and ffoyson
And with thy neybors love in Reste & pese
31.Source: London, British Library Harley 4011, ff. 143-143v
First Lines:
FOr helthe of body Kepe well thyn hede
Ete no rawe mete take good hede therto…
Last Lines:
…After mete beware also make no longe slepe
Hede foote and stomak preserve ay fro colde…
Note: Lines 1-58; Ends incomplete, just single leaf written on both sides.
32.Source: London, British Library Harley 5401, ff. 103-104
First Lines:
Couer allway fro cold þyn hede
Ete no raw mete take gode hede þer to…
Last Lines:
…Afftyr þi rent mayntene þyn howsolde
Suffer in tyme of ryght be balde
Note: Folio number reflects the most recent foliation. Lines 1-61.
33.Source: London, British Library Lansdowne 699, ff. 85v2-88
First Lines:
ffor helthe of body keep fro cold thyn hed
Ete no rawe mete take good heed her to…
Last Lines:
…Off maister Antony nor of maister hewe
To all indifferent richest diatarie
Note: 8 extra stanzas inserted between 1 and 2.
Attributed Title: Incipit dietarium (f. 85v)
Editions:
MacCracken, Henry Noble, ed. John Lydgate: The Minor Poems, Vol. II: Secular Poems. EETS o.s. 192 (1934); repr. 1961: 702-7.
Bühler, Kurt. “Lydgate’s Rules of Health in MS Lansdowne 699.” Medium Ævum 3 (1934): 51-6: 52-6.
34.Source: London, British Library Royal 17 B.XLVII, f. 2
Note: 11 stanzas.
35.Source: London, British Library Sloane 775, f. 54
36.Source: London, British Library Sloane 989, f. 134
37.Source: London, British Library Sloane 3534, f. 1
Editions:
Förster, Max. “Kleinere mittelenglische texte.” Anglia 42 (1918): 145-224; 43 (1919): 191: 182.
38.Source: London, British Library Stowe 982, ff. 11-12
First Lines:
ffor helthe of body couer ffo cold thy hed
Ete no raw mete take good hed ther to…
Last Lines:
…Of master Antony or of master hewe
To all Indifferent richeste diatory
Attributed Title: And begynneth a tretisse of good gouernaunce (f. 11); Rules for preserving Health (f. 11, later hand)
39.Source: Edinburgh, National Library of Scotland, Advocates’ 1.1.6 [Bannatyne MS], ff. 73-74
First Lines:
For helth of body couer weill thy heid
Eit nocht raw meit thow tak gud tent þerto…
Last Lines:
…off maister antone nor of maister hew
Till all neidrent richest detray the
Attributed Author: ffinis [‘By lydgate’ added by lated hand], f. 74
Facsimiles:
Fox, Denton, and William A. Ringler. The Bannatyne Manuscript: National Library of Scotland Advocates’ MS. 1.1.6 London: Scolar Press, in Association with The National Library of Scotland, 1980.
Editions:
Murdoch, James Barclay. The Bannatyne Manuscript. 4 vols. in 11 parts, paged continuously. Hunterian Club 16, 32, 40, 46, 50, 55-56, 64-67 Glasgow: Anderson, 1873-1896: 196-9.
Ritchie, W. Tod, ed. The Bannatyne Manuscript. 4 parts in 4 vols. Scottish Text Society 3rd ser. 5 (1928); n.s. 22 (1928); n.s. 23 (1930); n.s. 26 (1934) Edinburgh and London: Blackwood, 1928-34; ed. by Ritchie et al: 2.178-80.
40.Source: Edinburgh, National Library of Scotland, Advocates’ 23.7.11, Part G, f. 66
Transcription:
ffor helth off thy body kever for colde thy hede
Ete no rawe mete take gude hede her to
Drynke smale drynke ffede þe on Lyȝht brede
With An apytyde Ryse ffrom thy mete allso
Wyth women fflechely have not to do
Vppon thy Slepe drynke not of the cope
Glade to bede at morou vp allso
And vse neuer late to Ete ne soppe
Note: One eight-line stanza only, set out as 2 quatrains; added to flyleaf with pentrials.
41.Source: Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Library 205, f. 190
First Lines:
ffor hail of body keip fra cald þy heid
eit na raw meit tak gud heid þer to…
Last Lines:
…Of master Antone na ȝit of master hew
to feret Rycheast dyatry
Editions:
Stevenson, George. Pieces from the Makculloch and the Gray MSS. together with The Chepman and Myllar Prints. Scottish Text Society 65. Edinburgh, 1918: 30-2.
42.Source: Glasgow, Glasgow University Library Hunterian 259 (U.4.17), pp. 50-52
First Lines:
For helthe of þe body couere for colde þyn hede
ete no rawe mete take good heed therto…
Last Lines:
…Of maister Anthony nor of maister harry
to alle indifferent richest dietary
Note: Nine stanzas only.
Attributed Title: Dietaria (p. 50); Explicit Dietaria (p. 52)
43.Source: London, Lambeth Palace Library 444, ff. 177v-178v
First Lines:
ffor helth of body couere for colde thi heed
Ete no raw mete take good heed þerto…
Last Lines:
…Of maister antonye noþer of maister hewe
to all indefferent richest dyatorye
Attributed Title: Wysdome is good to lere (f. 178v)
44.Source: London, Society of Antiquaries 101, ff. 43-43vb
First Lines:
ffor helth of Body from colde kepe your stomak & hede
Ete no Raw mete take good heede therto
Drynk holsom drynk ffede yow with litill brede
And with an Apetit rise from your mete also…
Last Lines:
…Euermore charite to your soul is due
This Recept is bought of no poticary
Of Maister Antony nor of Maist[er?] heugh
But of al tho þat wil vse this letuary
Explicit
Note: Shifts from single column format on the recto to double on the verso.
45.Source: London, Wellcome Historical Medical Library 406 [olim Loscombe, olim Ashburnham 122], f. 39v
Transcription:
ffor helth of bodye couer from cold þi hede
Eate no Raw mete take good hede there to
drincke holsom drincke fede on light bread
with an appetit Rise frome the meat
Also with wemen aged[?] have tho not to dow
Note: Variant, c. 1575. Sixteenth-century hand.
Attributed Title: The Antidoterie[?] of helth (f. 39v)
46.Source: London, Wellcome Historical Medical Library 411, ff. 2v-3v
First Lines:
ffor helþe of body couere from cold þyn hede
Ete no rawe mete take good hede to lyght brede…
Last Lines:
of mayster Antonye nor of mayster hewe
of al in dyfferent resseytes hit most salutarye
Attributed Title: Dietarum salutissiumum (f. 2v; Explicit dietarum salutissimum (f. 3v)
47.Source: Nottingham, Nottingham University Library Mellish Lm 1 [olim Mellish; olim Hadsock Priory nr Worksop], ff. 1ra-1va
First Lines:
For helthe of body couere for colde þin heed
Ete no raw mete take goode hede therto…
Last Lines:
…Of maystir Antonye her of maistir hue
To alle Indifferent richest dietarie
Attributed Title: A dietarie for the body (f. 1)
48.Source: San Marino, CA, Henry Huntington Library HM 183 [olim Hawkins], f. 5va2-5vb
First Lines:
ffor helth of body couer fro colde þine hede
Ete no raw mete take goode heede þer too…
Last Lines:
…And all sayntes reioisyng in þe trinyte
Bryng vs to þat hy glorious towre
Note: Added at end of last line, ‘Amen for charyte’; modern transcription is f. 6b, attached to f. 6; see Hanna (1980), n. 11.
Attributed Title: A dietorie (f. 5v)
Editions:
Brydges, Sir Samuel Egerton. Censura Literaria. 10 vols. London: Longman, 1805-09; 2nd ed., 1815: 7.345-9.
49.Source: Bethesda, MD, National Library of Medicine MS E 4 [formerly 514; olim MS. 4], ff. 64-65
First Lines:
ffor helth of body keure for colde þin hede
Et now rawe met take good hed her to…
Last Lines:
Of master antonye nor of master heughe
To all indifferente richest dietarye
Explicit
Facsimiles:
Digital Facsimile of U.S. National Library of Medicine (Bethesda, MD) MS E 4. https://collections.nlm.nih.gov/bookviewer?PID=nlm:nlmuid-100899906-bk.
50.Source: Dublin, Trinity College, Dublin 516, ff. 27v-28v
First Lines:
For helth of body couere for colde thyn hede
Ete no raw mete take good hede herto…
Last Lines:
…fro thynges contraire to here complexion
Of gredy handis the stomake hath grat peyne
Note: Nine stanzas.
Attributed Title: de Guvernacione humane Nature (f. 27v)
51.Source: Dublin, Trinity College, Dublin 537, ff. 74-74v
First Lines:
for health of bodye cover fro cold thy heade
take no raw meates take good heede hereto…
Last Lines:
…firste with thy better beware for the stryve
agaynste thy fellowe no quarell to contryve
Note: four stanzas plus five lines; ends imperfectly.
52.Source: Leiden, Leiden University Library Vossius Germ. Gall. Q.9, f. 99
53.Source: Rome, English College AVCAU MS 1405, f. 87v
54.Source: Untraced, Present whereabouts unknown olim Clumber; sold Sotheby’s 1937, Lot 1129, f. 83v
55.Source: Lille, Lille University Library 204, ff. 1-2
First Lines:
For helth of body kepe wel thyn hed
Eyte no raw meyte takeand hede thereto…
Last Lines:
…Of mayster antony nor of mayster hewe
Off al indiferent the richest dietare
56.Source: Untraced, Present whereabouts unknown olim Schwerdt [sold Sotheby’s Mar. 12, 1946; sold again by Christie’s on 26 January 2006 (Sale 7300, Lot 501) and was purchased by Quaritch’s on behalf of an unknown collector], pp. 222-224
First Lines:
[F]or helthe of body covir fro colde thyne hede
Ete no rawe mete take good hede þerto
Drynke holsome wyne fede þe on liȝt brede
With an appetite rise fro thi mere also…
Last Lines:
…This reseyte is bowȝt of no poticarye
Of maister Antonye ne of maister hewe
To all in deferente richeste dyatary.
Explicit
Note: Below, a later owner has added: ‘This Treatize is almost unintelligible 1828’. Our thanks to Prof. David Scott-Macnab of the University of Johannesburg for providing the transcription.



Print Witnesses:
1.Source: STC 12138. Gouernayle of Helthe, [Caxton, 1490?] , sigs. B.x-B.xiv
First Lines:
For helth of body couere for colde thy hede
ete no rawe mete take good hede hereto…
Last Lines:
…Of mayster antony ne of mayster hugh
To all indyfferent it is rychest dyetarie
Note: At end, Bodleian shelfmark Arch.g.f.10.
Attributed Title: Explicit medicina stomachi (sig. B.xiv)
Editions:
Blades, William, ed. The Gouernayle of Helthe. London: Blades, East & Blades, 1858; repr. Caxton, 1491.
2.Source: STC 22408. Kalender of Shepherdes, R. Pynson, 1506
Editions:
Sommer, Heinrich Oskar, ed. The Kalender of Shepherdes; the edition of Paris 1503 in facsimile, reprint of Pynson’s 1506. London: Paul, Trench, Trübner, 1892: 118-21.
3.Source: STC 12139. Gouernall of Helthe with the medecyne of the stomacke, de Worde, [1506?]