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The Digital Index of Middle English Verse
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DIMEV GLOSSARY
adawe:   adverb Out of existence. Only in to do (also bring) (a person) adawe: to put (a person) to death; to do away with, kill OED
afald:   adjective (1) Single, singular, sole, only. Obs. OED
afte:   adverb Back; wenden on ~, pervert MED
aknow:  verb (1.) Obs. (Eng. regional (north.) in later use). trans. To know, recognize; to come to know, understand. Dictionary of the Scots Language
aland:  noun (1.) A draught-horse, a cart-horse: an old horse or one of little value Dictionary of the Scots Language
aport:  noun Bearing, demeanour Dictionary of the Scots Language
an-inne:   preposition Within OED
appeal:   verb (1c) To accuse of a heinous crime whereby the accuser has received personal injury or wrong, for which he demands reparation OED
avale:   verb intr. Of persons: To defend; to come, go, or get down; to dismount, alight OED
aver:  noun (1.) A draught-horse, a cart-horse: an old horse or one of little value Dictionary of the Scots Language
awreak:   verb trans. To punish or take vengeance upon (an offence, misdeed) OED
bach:   noun (1) A stream or its valley; vale, dale, hollow; cou ~, cow pasture MED
bedene:   adverb In one body or company, together OED
bee:   noun (2) 1. A ring or torque of metal, usually meant for the arm or neck; but in one case at least used of a finger-ring. Obs. OED
beetle:   noun (1) 1. a. An implement consisting of a heavy weight or ‘head,’ usually of wood, with a handle or stock, used for driving wedges or pegs, ramming down paving stones, or for crushing, bruising, beating, flattening, or smoothing, in various industrial and domestic operations, and having various shapes according to the purpose for which it is used; a mall OED
begouth:  verb (1.) pa.t. of begin, also used as pa.p. Gen.Sc. for Eng. began Dictionary of the Scots Language
behoten:   verb To promise MED
belimp:   verb (2.) To happen, occur, befall. Freq. with person as indirect object. (In Old English with dative of person). Also with to. OED
belive:   adverb and adjective With speed, with haste, quickly, eagerly OED
bemean:   verb Obs. 1. trans. To mean, signify, import; 2. Obs. rare. intr. To mediate, intercede OED
bemoan:   verb 2. refl. To lament or bewail one’s lot OED
bern:   noun (1) 2. (a) Soldier; esp., a knight; ~ of armes, man-at-arms; breneid ~, a mailed warrior; (b) a nobleman, a lord; — often equated with baroun baron MED
betony:   noun prop. A plant (Stachys betonica) of the Labiate order, having spiked purple flowers and ovate crenate leaves. In former days medicinal and magical virtues were attributed to it OED
beset:   verb, 3a. fig. To encompass, surround, assail, possess detrimentally: a. said of temptations, dangers, difficulties, obstacles, evil influences OED
bespit:   verb trans. To spit upon, cover or defile with spitting. Rarely intr. with upon. (Cf. BESPETE v.) OED
bield:   noun (3b) A means of help or succour OED
bill:   noun (1) A weapon of war mentioned in Old English poetry, a kind of broadsword, a falchion OED
bin / binne:   adverb and preposition Within, inside of; in, into OED
bird:   noun (1c.) transf. A young man, youngster, child, son OED
biren:   verb [OE ge)byrian, & cp. OI byrja. In ME this verb, a synonym of bihoōven, occurs almost exclusively in the NM and the N, and only in the 3rd person.] 1b. With personal subj.: (a) to be under obligation, be in duty bound (to do sth.), ought (to do); MED
bloke:   verb Obs. intr. To turn pale OED
boist:   noun Obs. 1. a. A box, a casket; chiefly used of a box for ointment, a vase or flask for oil, etc. (= BOX n.2 1.) OED
bōlen:   verb To serve (a cow) with a bull MED
bolning:   noun Swelling, state of being swollen; concr. a swelling, a tumour OED
bolts-head:   noun (2.) Chem. A globular flask with a long cylindrical neck, used in distillation OED
bout:   adverb and preposition Obs. or dial. A. adv.1 Outside, without; out OED
breme:   adjective and adverb Obs. exc. poet. and dial. (brim) in sense A. 6. A. adj. I. Celebrated, brilliant, clear, loud, distinct OED
britnen:   verb 3. (a) To tear or cut (sb.) to pieces; rend, slash; slay; ~ to dethe, ~ to noȝt, kill; destroy (the soul); (b) to go to pieces, be annihilated MED
busk:   noun (1a) =BUSH: A woods, grove; thicket, underbrush; bank and ~, hill and (wooded) dale; under the ~, in (the shelter of) the woods; (b) rank growth MED
busk:   verb (1) Now rare (Sc., Irish English, and Eng. regional (north.) in later use). I. To prepare, and related senses. 1. a. trans. (refl.). To prepare or equip oneself; to make oneself ready. OED
buten:   adverb and preposition BOUT adv., Outside, without; out; prep., Outside of, without OED
chalker:   noun A long, white night-shirt Dictionary of the Scots Language
Clent:   noun Clent Hills, south of Birmingham, where Kenhelm was murdered
con:   verb (1a) To know. Obs. = CAN v.1 1 – 2 (pa. tense and pple. rarely cunde, conde.) OED
corse:   noun †1. a. A living body; = CORPSE n. 1. Obs. OED
depe:   verb To immerse as a religious rite, to baptize OED
derken:   verb (5, 6) 5 (a) Of eyes: to become blurred or blind; also fig.; (b) of a person, the mind: to grow confused or befuddled; 6 (a) To keep or lie still (as if in darkness or hiding); linger apprehensively; (b) to lie in wait, lurk MED
drechen:   verb (1) To injure (sb.), wrong, kill; damage (sth.), destroy; oppress (people, a country); afflict, torment, torture; ~ abrod, to scatter (an army) in defeat; (b) to disturb (sb.), trouble, annoy; grieve (sb.), frighten; of care, disease, love, sin, etc.: distress (sb.); (c) to lower (oneself), debase; (d) to delude (sb.), fool; (e) to speculate, ?worry about something MED
dree:   verb (2a) To endure, undergo, suffer, bear (something burdensome, grievous, or painful) OED
drublie:   adjective Turbid; clouded Dictionary of the Scots Language
drut:   noun Darling, love, friend OED
dole | dool | dule:   noun (2) Grief, sorrow, mental distress OED
eadi:   adjective (2) Happy, fortunate, well-omened. Also, Blessed, saintly; said of persons and their actions OED
eath:   adverb Easily, without difficulty OED
egleche:   adjective ? Valiant OED
ei:   noun =EGG OED
ender:   adjective Only in phrase, this ender day, night, year, indicating a day, etc. recently past OED
enhaste:   verb Obs. trans. To hasten, hurry; also refl. OED
ennoy:   noun A troubled state of mind, grief, vexation; also concr. a cause of trouble OED
envire:   verb = ENVIRON v. 1. trans. a. To form a ring round, surround, encircle OED
erd:   noun The land where one dwells; native land, home; a region, country OED
erendrake:   noun Obs. A messenger, ambassador OED
eterminable:   adjective That cannot be terminated; without termination or end; eternal OED
fallow:  adjective1 1. Of a pale brownish or reddish yellow colour, as withered grass or leaves. Obs. exc. of the coat of an animal; now chiefly in FALLOW-DEER n. OED
fele:  adjective and adverb In predicative use: Much, many, numerous. Also in compar.: More in number, more numerous OED
fere:  noun A companion, comrade, mate, partner; whether male or female OED
fere:  noun 3. An equal. a. Of a person: Peer; also in phrase, without (peer or) fere OED
ferly:   adjective and noun 3a. Strange, wonderful, wondrous, marvellous OED
ferly:   verb 1a intr. To wonder OED
fester:   noun In early use = FISTULA n.; subsequently, a rankling sore, an ulcer. In mod. use: ‘A superficial suppuration resulting from irritation of the skin’ (Quain Dict. Med. 1882) OED
fold:  noun 1. Obs. 1.a. The surface of the earth; the ground OED
fond:  verb [FAND | FOND] trans. To put to the proof, try, test (a person or thing); to make trial of (one’s strength, skill); to taste (food, etc.); in early use with gen. OED
forcy:  adjective Obs. Chiefly north. Full of force, powerful, strong OED
found:  verb 2 4.a. To set or establish (something immaterial) on a firm basis; to give a basis or firm support to OED
fraist:  VERB Obs. 1. trans. To try, put to the proof, test OED
friar:  noun †1. = BROTHER n., in fig. applications; esp. in Old French phrase beu frere ‘fair brother’. Obs. OED
frith:  noun (2) With uncertain meaning, denoting a wood of some kind, or wooded country collectively, esp. in poet. phrases associated with fell, field OED
gend:   adjective Foolish, simple OED
genitor:   noun (1a) A testicle; pl. the testicles, but in later use = genitals. (Cf. GENITURE n.) OED
gestening:   noun Entertainment as a guest, lodging, hospitality. Also, a banquet, feast. OED
gradely:  adverb 2. Carefully, exactly; properly; quite, really; well OED
graith:  verb trans. To make ready, prepare, put in order, repair; also, to procure OED
grede:  noun A cry; outcry; noise OED
grill:  adjective (2.) Cruel, painful, bitter, severe, terrible, dreadful OED
grutching:  noun (1) a. The action of the verb GRUTCH v.; murmuring, complaining; murmur, complaint, reluctance OED
guk:  interjection [Imitative or fanciful.] a. An imitative sound or mocking term Dictionary of the Scots Language
gup:  interjection a. A cry of anger or chiding addressed to a horse OED
hale:  noun A halo Dictionary of the Scots Language
halke:  noun A corner, recess, hiding-place OED
hance:   verb reward〈OE hanse
hayward:  noun An officer of a manor, township, or parish, having charge of the fences and enclosures, esp. to keep cattle from breaking through from the common into enclosed fields; sometimes, the herdsman of the cattle feeding on the common OED
heild:  verb Sc. Obs. 1. trans. To cover; to shield, protect; to hide OED
hen:   noun (2) (a) A poor man; (b) a rascal; ?a niggard; (c) as personal name MED
hen, henne:   adverb = HENCE adv. : of place, time, or inference MED
hend:   adjective and adverb Near, at hand OED
hery:   verb trans. To praise, glorify, exalt, honour, worship OED
hidels:   noun (a) A secret place, hiding place; refuge; also, a hollow in a stalk of grain; (b) in (on) ~, in secrecy, in private, secretly; putten into ~, to conceal (sb.); (c) ~ place, hidden place MED
hiems:  noun2 Obs. Winter; esp. in poet. personification OED
hinder:   adj.1 and noun.2 trans. To praise, glorify, exalt, honour, worship OED
hore:  noun Obs. Dirt, filth, defilement, foulness OED
hōrien:  verb (2) (a) To defile (sb. or sth.), defoul, pollute; (b) to be or become physically corrupted or rancid; also fig. [quot.: c1390]; (c) ppl. horied, of a person: defiled, corrupted; of an animal: ceremonially unclean. MED
i-long:   adjective adj., Situated behind, at the back, or in the rear; posterior. (Notwithstanding its comparative form, it does not differ in sense from hind, but is more frequently used) OED
keach:   verb trans. To take up (water, etc.) with a shallow vessel; to scoop up, ladle out: = CLEACH v. 3 OED
kenned:   adjective Known OED
knape:   noun Obs. exc. dial. †1. A male child, a boy (= KNAVE n. 1); a lad, young man, youth, fellow. Obs OED
kinrick:   noun = kingdom n., in various senses OED
lardiner:   noun 2. An official who has charge of a larder OED
lay:  noun (3.) Law; esp. religious law; hence, a religion, a faith OED
layk:   noun Sport, entertainment [ON leikr]
leally:  adverb Loyally, faithfully, truly OED
leam:  noun Now Sc. and north. dial. Light, flame; a flash, ray, or gleam of light; brightness, gleam OED
lease:  verb (1) trans. and intr. To glean. †Also with up. (In Old English used in wider sense: to gather, collect.) OED
lede:  noun Obs. 3. a. sing. A man, person; esp. one of the ‘men’ or subjects of a king or chief; a subject. Also poet. in Old English, a king OED
Lenten:  noun and adjectiveSpring; = LENT noun 1 OED
lend:  verb (1a) To arrive, come. Also refl. OED
leoden:  noun (1a) A people, nation, race. Also, persons collectively, ‘people’ OED
licham:  noun (a.) The body; the living body; also, the body as the seat of desire and appetite OED
liss:  noun (2) Tranquillity, peace, rest; joy, delight OED
lithe:  noun (1) Obs. A calm, lull; fig. respite OED
lithe:  verb (3) To hearken, listen. Const. dat., or to, unto (at, till). Also, to hear of (a thing) OED
lither:  adjective (1a) Of persons, their actions, dispositions, etc.: Bad, wicked; base, rascally unjust OED
lose:  noun (1.) Praise; renown, fame. Also in neutral sense, (good or bad) reputation OED
maintour:   noun A supporter, helper; (b) a supporter of evil or of evil-doers; ? = maintenour 1. (maintainer) MED
mavis:  noun (1.) The song thrush, Turdus philomelos. Also in extended use. Now poet. and Brit. regional OED
mend:  noun (I.1a) Recompense, reparation; penance OED
menskful:  adjective (and noun) Worshipful, honourable; gracious, beautiful. Of a building: stately OED
mind:  noun I. Senses relating to memory. 1. The state of being remembered; remembrance, recollection. Chiefly in phrase OED
monge:   noun (a) A mingling, an intermixture; confusione MED
mum:   noun (a) Mouth; maugre his ~, in spite of himself; ~ pin, a tooth; (b) mouth of a river, only in place names [see Smith PNElem. 2.45]; (c)?as surname MED
nere:  noun (a) A rawhide shoe or boot; (b) as a derogatory nickname for a Scot MED
neven:  verb (2b) intr. To tell or make mention of OED
nist:  noun = NIGHT OED
nithing:  noun and adjective Now arch. and hist. 1. A coward, a villain; a person who breaks the law or a code of honour; an outlaw. †2. A mean or niggardly person; a miser. Obs. OED
noyous:  adjective Causing annoyance; vexatious, troublesome; (also) †causing harm or injury (Obs.) OED
ocker:  noun Usu. derogatory. Obs. Chiefly Sc. in later use. The lending of money at (excessive) interest, usury; interest gained from this OED
onde:  noun (1.) Strong feeling against a person, animus; spite, hatred, envy. In early use also: fear, terror OED
ore:  noun (2.) Mercy, pardon, forgiveness; source of pardon MED
overfret:   verb Chiefly Sc. Obs. To adorn richly all over. Chiefly in pass. Also fig. OED
overgart:   adjective Immoderate; excessive; presumptuous OED
palatine:   adjective Originally: designating a county or other territory in England (and later other countries) as having a ruler with royal privileges and judicial authority (within the territory) which elsewhere belong to the sovereign alone (now hist.). Later: designating a modern administrative area corresponding to this OED
pase:   noun (2.) Easter; (formerly also) †Passover (Obs.); = PASCH n. OED
pay:   noun (1.) Satisfaction, pleasure, liking. Obs. OED
pease:   verb (1a.) trans. To make peace between or reconcile (two or more persons); to reconcile (one person) with another OED
pine:   noun (1.) Punishment; torment, torture, suffering or loss inflicted as punishment; persecution; spec. a punishment suffered in hell or purgatory; = PAIN n.1 1, 2. Obs. (Sc. in later use.) OED
prest:   noun (1.) A payment or wages in advance; money paid on account to enable a person to proceed with an undertaking OED
priven:   verb To deprive (sb.) of (sth.), deny (sb. sth.); ppl. prived, bereaved, bereft of, deprived of; without; (b) ~ of (from), to deprive (sb. of sth.), deny (sth. to sb.), exclude (sb. from sth.); prived of (from), deprived of (sth.), bereft of; lacking, without; ben of god priving, be a robber of goods; (c) to depose (sb.), dismiss; ~ of (from), deprive (sb.) of (power, kingdom, etc.), remove or dismiss (sb.) from (office or position); (d) to take (sth.) away; prevent (sth.), deny, oppose; weaken (the body); -- also without obj. MED
pured:   adjective That has been made pure OED
quede:   noun and adjective Obs. A. n. 1. Dung, excrement, filth; 2. Evil, wickedness; mischief; harm. Also: an evil thing, an evil deed OED
queem:   verb (3.) To placate, appease (a person, esp. God). Obs. OED
queue:  noun (1.) Obs. A. n. (a) ?A line of dancers MED
quhirl:  noun a. lit. and fig. A (rapid) turn, revolution or rotatory motion, as of a wheel; b. A swift or violent whirling motion, as of wind or water Dictionary of the Scots Language
rax:   verb intr. To stretch oneself, esp. on waking from sleep or as a preliminary to further action; to rouse, stir oneself. Also: to yawn (Obs.) OED
reave:   verb (2) trans. To tear; to split, cleave OED
recent:   adjective Of the mind or its powers, esp. memory: Undiminished; not weakened by the passage of time; in full vigour Dictionary of the Scots Language
resplendishant:  adjective Obs. Resplendent; brilliantOED
reusing:  noun (1.) A robber, a plunderer, a looter OED
rice:   noun1 Now chiefly Brit. regional and Irish English (north.). 1. collect. Twigs or small branches growing on trees or bushes; dense growth of bushes; brushwood, thicket. Now Sc. (chiefly Orkney) and rare OED
rifler:  noun (1.) A robber, a plunderer, a looter OED
rime:  verb (1.) trans. To count, reckon, enumerate. Also occas. intr. Now only with up. Formerly also: †to recount (Obs.) OED
ripe:  noun (3.) The bank of a river OED
riveling:  noun (a) A rawhide shoe or boot; (b) as a derogatory nickname for a Scot M
rock:  noun (2.) A distaff. Occas. also: a spindle OED
ron:  noun Obs. A short poem or song, esp. a love songOED
sand:  noun Obs. 1. a. The action of sending; that which is sent, a message, present; (God’s) dispensation or ordinance OED
Sarai:  noun. Formerly Tsarev; now New Sarai, Mongolia. Encylopedia Britannica
saught:  noun Obs. (since 14th c. only Sc. and north.). 1. An agreement, covenant; 2. Agreement, freedom from strife, peace OED
secre:  adjective and nounNot allowed to be revealed, hidden, occult OED
seely:  noun (2.) Happy, blissful; fortunate, lucky, well-omened, auspicious OED
selly:  adverb B. adv. Wonderfully, marvellously, strangely OED
semenaunt:   noun Appearance, ‘false semblant’ OED
sen:   conjunction 2. Seeing or considering (that) OED
sere:   adjective (2.) Different, various, diverse MED
shamble:   noun In Old English, a table or counter for exposing goods for sale, counting money, etc. Obs. OED
shavaldour:   noun [Aberrant form of chevale macronr n., perh. influenced by a local var. or surname in the north of England, which may also have produced AL schavaldor.] A wanderer, vagabond; also, a gentleman robber near the Scottish border; ?also, a minstrel or entertainer; (b) as surname MED
Sheer Thursday:   noun The Thursday in Holy Week, Maundy Thursday OED
shill:  adjective and adverb A. Sonorous, resonant, shrill OED
sibred:  noun Obs. exc. dial. 1. Relationship, kinship, consanguinity OED
sicker:  adjective and adverb Free from danger or harm; secure, safe OED
simnel:  noun (1.) A loaf or bun made of fine flour, usu. lighter than wastel; bread of this kind; ~ horn, ~ with the horn, ?a loaf of this bread made with pointed ends or corners; ferthing ~, a loaf of this bread worth one farthing; (b) ~ silver, ?money paid for transporting bread of this kind; (c) in surnames MED
sithe:  noun Obs.1. A going, journey, path, way.This sense is very common in Old English poetry; 2.a. Fortune on a journey; also generally, fortune, hap, luck; 3. One’s pilgrimage on earth; life-time; the course of one’s life OED
sleight:   noun †2. Prudence; wisdom, knowledge. Obs. OED
souse:   noun (1a) Various parts of a pig or other animal, esp. the feet and ears, prepared or preserved for food by means of pickling OED
spelen:   verb (a) To save, hoard; save (sth.), refrain from using or consuming; ~ stounde, fail to use (an opportunity); ~ wrecche men, save (sth.) for the poor; (b) to refrain from inflicting injury or punishment (on sb.); spare (sb.) pain or suffering; save (sb. from death or pain); also, give (sb.) respite or reprieve; ~ to, spare (sb. from sins); (c) to relieve (a disagreeable situation) MED
steek:   verb (1c) ? To keep back (the truth). Obs. OED
stern | starn:   noun (2) >Now only Sc. a. = STAR n.1 OED
stound:   verb trans. To stun as with a blow; to stupefy, benumb; to stupefy with astonishment, bewilder OED
sty:   verb (1) intr. To ascend, mount up, rise or climb to a higher level. Said of persons and things OED
swines bread:   noun (swīne) 1. a roast of pork MED
swing:   verb (1c) Cookery. To beat up, ‘whip’ (milk, eggs, etc.). Obs. OED
syne:   adverb and conjunction Directly or next after that; at the next moment; immediately afterwards; then, thereupon; = SINCE adv. 1 OED
tache:  noun (1a.) A spot, blotch, blot OED
tapet:  noun (a.) A piece of figured cloth used as a hanging, table-cover, carpet, or the like OED
tent:  noun (2.) Attention, heed, care; nearly always in the phrases give tent, to give heed, pay attention (Obs.), and take tent, to take heed, take care; with to, to pay attention to, take heed to OED
thester:  adjective Obs. Dark. lit. and fig. OED
thir:  demonstrative adjective (1.) Qualifying a plural noun or singular nouns indicating something physically present or near or something which has already been or is about to be mentioned: THESE Dictionary of the Scots Language
tholemodely:  adverb Patiently, submissively, meekly OED
tear:  noun b. The finest fibre of flax or hemp OED
tout:   noun (2.) [?] A drinking vessel of some sort. — Len me thy batty towt [Ch. that batye tout] Dictionary of the Scots Language
tprot:  noun Obs. An expression of contempt OED
traist:  verb Sc. and north. Obs. 1. trans. To make secure or safe, to commit in trust; hence refl. to commit oneself with security or confidence, to trust, = sense 2 OED
trendel:  verb Obs. 1. trans. To cause to roll or revolve; to roll: = TRUNDLE v. 1a. OED
trichard:   noun A deceiver, a cheat OED
tricline:   noun A dining room MED
unlated:   adjective Sc. Obs. Undisciplined OED
unseely:   adjective Unfortunate, unhappy, miserable, wretched; deserving pity OED
uprist:   noun Rising from the dead; resurrection OED
ure:  noun (1) in ure: In or into use, practice, or performance. Often with vbs., as bring, come, have, and esp. put (freq. c1510–1630) OED
vere:  noun (1) The season of spring; springtime OED
vouter:   noun An adulterer OED
wale:   noun (1.b) a paragon of beauty or excellence, someone chosen for virtue MED
wandreth:   noun Misery, distress, hardship; adversity, poverty OED
wang:   noun Obs. exc. dial. †1. The cheek. Obs. OED
wastern:   noun A wilderness OED
way:   noun (1) gen. A track prepared or available for travelling along; a road, street, lane, or path OED
we:   pronoun In indefinite usages, often in statements relating to the human condition generally: (2a) we, one, people, everybody; also used conventionally in prayers, carols, etc. MED
ween:   verb Obs. exc. arch. 1. trans. In regard to what is present or past: To think, surmise, suppose, conceive, believe, consider. In Middle English often with well OED
weir:   noun 1. Warfare. a. A state or period of hostilities and combat existing between political groups, esp. realms or nations; also, specif. the warlike activity appropriate to knights, and also sometimes applied to the skills involved (see (3) below and cf. some quots. in 2 (1)). b. Hostilities, strife, etc. between (groups of) individuals pursuing private enmities. Dictionary of the Scots Language
welkin:   noun †1. A cloud. Obs. OED
wothe:   noun and adjective Obs. A. n. The condition of being exposed to or liable to injury or harm; danger, peril; hurt or harm; a cause of harm or injury OED
wray:  verb1 1. a. To accuse, denounce, or inform on (a person); to expose (one) by revealing or divulging information, etc., to one’s harm, prejudice, or discredit; to charge with a crime, offence, fault, etc.; = BEWRAY v. 2. OED
wreche:   noun (1) Retributive punishment; vengeance; = WREAK n. 1. OED
wrecheful:   adjective Vengeful; revengeful. OED
wrother-heal:   noun unfortunately, disastrously. Cf. HAIL n.2 2, hale n.1 b. OED
yaud:  noun (1b) (attrib. or adj.) Of a horse: Worn out OED
yelp:   verb intr. To boast, speak vaingloriously OED
yisse:   verb Obs. trans. (in Old English const. gen. or dat.) and intr. To covet [fom which: yissing n. coveting, covetousness] OED